Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Pigments and their Manipulation

Author: Kevin Davies

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405150068

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 7215

Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 14 It is difficult to over-state the importance of plant pigments in biology. Chlorophylls are arguably the most important organic compounds on earth, as they are required for photosynthesis. Carotenoids are also necessary for the survival of both plants and mammals, through their roles in photosynthesis and nutrition, respectively. The other plant pigment groups, such as flavonoids and betalains, have important roles in both the biology of plants and the organisms with which plants interact. This book provides an overview of pigment chemistry and biology, together with an up-to-date account of the biosynthesis of pigments and the modification of their production using biotechnology. The chapters cover a wide scope of pigmentation research - from the importance of structural diversity in generating the range of colours seen in plants, through to improving human health properties of crops by increasing pigment levels in transgenic plants. The volume is directed at researchers and professionals in plant biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics.
Posted in Science

Plant Pigments and Their Manipulation

Author: Kevin M. Davies

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9781405117371

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 3910

Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 14 It is difficult to over-state the importance of plant pigments in biology. Chlorophylls are arguably the most important organic compounds on earth, as they are required for photosynthesis. Carotenoids are also necessary for the survival of both plants and mammals, through their roles in photosynthesis and nutrition, respectively. The other plant pigment groups, such as flavonoids and betalains, have important roles in both the biology of plants and the organisms with which plants interact. This book provides an overview of pigment chemistry and biology, together with an up-to-date account of the biosynthesis of pigments and the modification of their production using biotechnology. The chapters cover a wide scope of pigmentation research - from the importance of structural diversity in generating the range of colours seen in plants, through to improving human health properties of crops by increasing pigment levels in transgenic plants. The volume is directed at researchers and professionals in plant biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics.
Posted in Science

Annual Plant Reviews, Flowering and its Manipulation

Author: Charles Ainsworth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405172401

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 1088

The flowering plants now dominate the terrestrial ecosystems of theplanet, and there are good reasons for supposing that the floweritself has been a major contributing factor to the spread of theAngiosperms. The flowers of higher plants not only contain theorgans of plant reproduction but are of fundamental importance ingiving rise to fruits and seeds which constitute a major componentof the human diet. This volume opens with a chapter describing a model for theevolution of the Angiosperm flower. Chapters 2 to 5 describe thecore development of the flower and include floral induction, floralpattering and organ initiation, floral shape and size, andinflorescence architecture. Chapters 6 to 8 focus on morespecialised aspects of floral development: monoecy, cytoplasmicmale sterility and flowering in perennials. Chapters 9 and 10address more functional aspects: flower colour and scent. The bookconcludes, appropriately, with a chapter on flowersenescence. Applied aspects are stressed wherever appropriate, and the book isdirected at researchers and professionals in plant genetics,developmental and molecular biology. The volume has been designed to complement an earlier volume in ourAnnual Plant Reviews series, O'Neill, S. D. and Roberts, J. A.(2002) Plant Reproduction.
Posted in Science

Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Architecture and its Manipulation

Author: Colin G. N. Turnbull

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405146230

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 6317

Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 17 Conventionally, architecture relates to buildings, embracing both art and science, and specifying both form and function. In scope, this closely matches the study of plant architecture. From an artistic perspective, we might marvel at the astonishing diversity of aesthetically pleasing plant structures, yet as scientists we know that, through natural selection, very little of form is dissociated from function. The origins of studies of plant architecture and their influences on human existence are steeped in history, but, from a twenty-first century perspective, the field has been transformed from a discipline of observation and description into one in which complex networks of genetic, chemical and environmental factors can be directly manipulated and modelled. Arguably, manipulation of plant architecture has been one of the greatest mainstays of plant improvement - perhaps second only to the discoveries of the nutritional requirements of plants. With the advent of the ‘gene revolution’, there are countless new opportunities for selective modification of plant architecture. This book provides a broad coverage of our current understanding of plant architecture and its manipulation, ranging from the architecture of the individual cell to that of the whole plant. It is directed at researchers and professionals in plant physiology, developmental biology, molecular biology, genetics and biotechnology.
Posted in Science

Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Nuclear Structure, Genome Architecture and Gene Regulation

Author: David Evans,Katja Graumann,John A. Bryant

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118472489

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 6351

This timely volume brings together expert reviews of the recentsignificant advances in our knowledge and understanding of theorganisation of the higher plant nucleus, and in particular in therelationship between nuclear organisation and the regulation ofgene expression. Rapid progress has been made in a number of keyareas over the last five years, including description andcharacterization of proteins of the nuclear envelope and nuclearpore complex, novel insights into nucleoskeletal structures, aswell as developments related to chromatin organization, functionand gene expression. These advances open the way for new researchinto areas such as stress tolerance, plant-pathogen interactionsand ultimately crop improvement and food security. Continuedresearch into plant nuclear structure, genome architecture and generegulation also enriches our understanding of the origin andevolution of the nucleus and its envelope. Edited by world-class researchers in plant cell biology, andcomprising contributions from internationally-renowned academics,this latest volume in the prestigious Annual Plant Reviews seriesbrings together a wealth of knowledge in the burgeoning field ofplant nuclear structure and genetics. Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 46: Plant Nuclear Structure,Genome Architecture and Gene Regulation is a vitalresource for advanced students, researchers and professionals inplant science and related disciplines. Libraries in all researchestablishments where plant science, biochemistry, molecularbiology, genetics and genomics and agricultural science are taughtand studied will find this excellent volume an essential additionto their shelf.
Posted in Science

Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Hormone Signaling

Author: Peter Hedden,Stephen G. Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405173068

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 4621

Plant growth is regulated by developmental programmes that can be modified by environmental cues acting through endogenous signaling molecules including plant hormones. This volume provides an overview of the biosynthesis, catabolism, perception and signal transduction of the individual hormone classes, followed by chapters on hormone distribution and transport, and the roles of hormone signaling in specific developmental processes. Particular attention is paid to the regulation of hormone signaling by environmental and developmental cues, sites of hormone metabolism and action, and interactions between hormone signaling pathways. The book is directed at researchers and professionals in plant biochemistry and molecular biology.
Posted in Science

Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Polysaccharides

Biosynthesis and Bioengineering

Author: Peter Ulvskov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391008

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 6481

Plant Polysaccharides, an exceptional new volume in Wiley-Blackwell’s successful Annual Plant Reviews series, covers the polysaccharides and proteins that form the fundamental architecture of the plant cell wall, and the genes that encode the cellular machinery that synthesizes them. The volume focuses on the evolution of the many families of genes whose products are required to make a particular kind of polysaccharide, bringing attention to the specific biochemical properties of the proteins to the level of kinds of sugar linkages they make. Beautifully illustrated in full colour throughout, this exceptional new volume provides cutting edge up-to-date information on such important topics as cell wall biology, composition and biosynthesis, glycosyltransferases, hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins, enzymatic modification of plant cell wall polysaccharides, glycan engineering in transgenic plants, and polysaccharide nanobiotechnology. Drawing together some of the world’s leading experts in these areas, the editor, Peter Ulvskov, has provided a landmark volume that is essential reading for plant and crop scientists, biochemists, molecular biologists and geneticists. All libraries in universities and research establishments where plant sciences, agriculture, biological, biochemical and molecular sciences are studied and taught should have copies of this important volume.
Posted in Science

Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research

Author: Fouad Daayf,Vincenzo Lattanzio

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444302418

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 2713

Polyphenols are the second most abundant class of substances in nature, and include tannins and flavonoids, many of which have extremely important antioxidant properties which have now been shown to have a key role in the prevention of cancer in humans. This important book covers polyphenol chemistry, biosynthesis and genetic manipulation, ecology and plant physiology, food and nutritional aspects and the effects of polyphenols on health. Included within the contents are cutting edge chapters on biotic and abiotic stress in plants, safety and toxicity in foods, functionality and nutraceutical benefits in nutrition, and aspects of pharmaceutical and cosmetic discovery and development. Sponsored by Groupe Polyphenols, this landmark book has been edited by Professor Fouad Daayf and Professor Vincenzo Lattanzio, who have drawn together an impressive list of internationally respected contributing authors, each providing a comprehensive review of the current situation regarding each important subject covered. Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research is an important publication which will be of great use to chemists, biochemists, plant scientists, pharmacognosists and pharmacologists, food scientists and nutritionists. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught should have copies of this book on their shelves.
Posted in Science

Annual Plant Reviews, Biology of Plant Metabolomics

Author: Robert D. Hall

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144433994X

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 4172

Biology of Plant Metabolomics is an exciting new volume in Wiley-Blackwell's highly successful Annual Plant Reviews series. Concentrating on the biology and biological relevance of plant metabolomics, each chapter, written by internationally-acknowledged experts in the field from at least two different research groups, combines a review of the existing biological results with an extended assessment of possible future developments and the impact that these will have on the type of research needed for the future. Following a general introduction, this exciting volume includes details of metabolomics of model species including Arabidopsis and tomato. Further chapters provide in-depth coverage of abiotic stress, data integration, systems biology, genetics, genomics, chemometrics and biostatisitcs. Applications of plant metabolomics in food science, plant ecology and physiology are also comprehensively covered. Biology of Plant Metabolomics provides cutting edge reviews of many major aspects of this new and exciting subject. It is an essential purchase for plant scientists, plant geneticists and physiologists. All libraries in universities and research establishments where biological sciences are studied and taught should have a copy of this Annual Plant Reviews volume on their shelves.
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Annual Plant Reviews, Intracellular Signaling in Plants

Author: Zhenbiao Yang

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405160025

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 9972

Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 33 Intracellular Signaling in Plants An intriguing and important question in our understanding of plant developmental programming and responses to the environment is what kinds of strategies and mechanisms plant cells use for the transmission and the integration of various developmental and environmental signals. This book provides insight into this fundamental question in plant biology. Intracellular Signaling in Plants is an excellent new addition to the increasingly well-known and respected Annual Plant Reviews and offers the reader: * Chapters prepared by an esteemed team of international authors * A consistent and well-illustrated approach to the subject matter * An invaluable resource for all researchers and professionals in plant biochemistry and biology This important volume also deals with major known signaling mechanisms and several representative intracellular signaling networks in plants, integrating comprehensive reviews and insights from leading experts in the field. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences are studied and taught should have copies of this essential work on their shelves. Also Available from Wiley-Blackwell Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 32 Cell Cycle Control and Plant Development Edited by Dirk Inzé Print: 9781405150439 Online: 9780470988923 DOI: 10.1002/9780470988923 Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 31 Plant Mitochondria Edited by David Logan Print: 9781405149396 Online: 9780470986592 DOI: 10.1002/9780470986592
Posted in Science

Annual Plant Reviews, Molecular Aspects of Plant Disease Resistance

Author: Jane Parker

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405175326

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 9207

In recent years, our understanding of the mechanisms involved in a plant's resistance to attack by disease, has seen major advances. This important new title, part of Blackwell Publishing's Annual Plant Reviews Series, provides cutting edge reviews of each of the major aspects of the subject . Edited by Dr Jane Parker from the Max-Planck Institute, Molecular Aspects of Plant Disease Resistance includes contributions from many of the world's leading researcher in the area. Coverage includes the evolution of plant-virus interactions and plant resistance loci, the role of plant secondary metabolites, plant systemic resistance, oomycete genomics, intracellular immune receptors, transcriptional reprogramming, fungal biotrophy, chemical ecology of plant-insect interactions, bacterial Type III effectors and host perception of PAMPs This exciting book is essential reading for all those involved in plant-pathogen interactions including plant and agricultural scientists, molecular biologists and microbiologists.
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Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung

A journal of biosciences. C

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biochemistry

Page: N.A

View: 4303

Posted in Biochemistry

United States Plant Patents

Author: United States. Patent and Trademark Office

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Plants, Cultivated

Page: N.A

View: 9986

Posted in Plants, Cultivated

Ökologische Biochemie

Eine Einführung

Author: Jeffrey B. Harborne

Publisher: Springer Spektrum

ISBN: 9783642398506

Category: Science

Page: 383

View: 6789

Didaktisch geschickt und anschaulich werden die biochemischen Beziehungen zwischen Pflanzen, Tieren und ihrer Umwelt beschrieben. Das Buch ist auch für Leser mit geringen Biochemiekenntnissen leicht verständlich. Aus dem Inhalt: Pflanzen und biochemische Adaption an Umwelt Biochemie der Pflanzenbestäubung Pflanzentoxine und ihre Wirkung auf Tiere Hormonelle Beziehungen zwischen Pflanzen und Tieren Nahrungspräferenzen Abwehrmechanismen von Pflanzen und Reaktionen der Tiere (Coevolution) Pheromone: Biochemische Kommunikation zwischen Tieren Biochemische Wechselwirkungen zwischen Pflanzen.
Posted in Science

Biotechnology Annual Review

Author: M. Raafat El-Gewely

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080888088

Category: Medical

Page: 492

View: 3567

Biotechnology is a diverse, complex, and rapidly evolving field. Students and experienced researchers alike face the challenges of staying on top of developments in their field of specialty and maintaining a broader overview of the field as a whole. This latest volume of Biotechnology Annual Review comprises expert reviews on a diverse range of topics, ranging from gene expression microarray analysis to the use of ethnomedicines and ethnomedicinal phytophores to treat herpes viruses. Such a diverse range of review topics will keep biotechnologists of all levels up-to-date on the latest in the vast field of biotechnology and deepen their understanding of the many facets of the field as a whole. More than 150 figures elucidate and reinforce key points Inclusion of reviews of such hot-topics as arginine methylation in health and disease Wide variety of coverage keeps biotechnologists up-to-date on many facets of the field
Posted in Medical

Practical Polyphenolics

From Structure to Molecular Recognition and Physiological Action

Author: Edwin Haslam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521465137

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 4345

This book describes the scientific basis for the action of plant polyphenols in a wide range of phenomena.
Posted in Science

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9912

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History