Annotating, Extracting and Reasoning about Time and Events

International Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, April 20-15, 2005, Revised Papers

Author: Frank Schilder,Graham Katz,James Pustejovsky

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540759891

Category: Computers

Page: 144

View: 3678

This state-of-the-art survey comprises a selection of the material presented at the International Dagstuhl Seminar on Annotating, Extracting and Reasoning about Time and Events, held in Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, in April 2005. The seminar centered around an emerging de facto standard for time and event annotation: TimeML. It features nine papers that detail current research and discuss open problems concerning annotation, temporal reasoning, and event identification.
Posted in Computers

MICAI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence

8th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Guanajuato, México, November 9-13, 2009 Proceedings

Author: Arturo Hernández Aguirre,Raúl Monroy Borja,Carlos Albetro Reyes García

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642052576

Category: Computers

Page: 743

View: 8413

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2009, held in Guanajuato, Mexico, in November 2009. The 63 revised full papers presented together with one invited talk were carefully reviewed and selected from 215 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on logic and reasoning, ontologies, knowledge management and knowledge-based systems, uncertainty and probabilistic reasoning, natural language processing, data mining, machine learning, pattern recognition, computer vision and image processing, robotics, planning and scheduling, fuzzy logic, neural networks, intelligent tutoring systems, bioinformatics and medical applications, hybrid intelligent systems and evolutionary algorithms.
Posted in Computers

Natural Language Processing and Information Systems

14th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems , NLDB 2009, Saarbrücken, Germany, June 24-26, 2009. Revised Papers

Author: Helmut Horacek,Elisabeth Metais,Rafael Munoz,Magdalena Wolska

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642125492

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 4284

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2009, held in Saarbrücken, Germany, in June 2009.
Posted in Computers

Database Systems for Advanced Applications

DASFAA 2018 International Workshops: BDMS, BDQM, GDMA, and SeCoP, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia, May 21-24, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Chengfei Liu,Lei Zou,Jianxin Li

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319914553

Category: Computers

Page: 282

View: 1819

This book constitutes the workshop proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Database Systems for Advanced Applications, DASFAA 2018, held in Gold Coast, QLD, Australia, in May 2018. The 23 full papers presented were carefully selected and reviewed from 44 submissions to the four following workshops: the 5th International Workshop on Big Data Management and Service, BDMS 2018; the Third International Workshop on Big Data Quality Management, BDQM 2018; the Second International Workshop on Graph Data Management and Analysis, GDMA 2018; and the 5th International Workshop on Semantic Computing and Personalization, SeCoP 2018.
Posted in Computers

Flat But Not Shallow

Towards Flatter Representations in Deep Semantic Parsing for Precise and Feasible Inferencing : Proefschrift

Author: Hilletje Gezina Bouwke Reckman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computational linguistics

Page: 222

View: 545

Posted in Computational linguistics

Computational Modeling of Narrative

Author: Inderjeet Mani

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608459810

Category: Computers

Page: 144

View: 8569

The field of narrative (or story) understanding and generation is one of the oldest in natural language processing (NLP) and artificial intelligence (AI), which is hardly surprising, since storytelling is such a fundamental and familiar intellectual and social activity. In recent years, the demands of interactive entertainment and interest in the creation of engaging narratives with life-like characters have provided a fresh impetus to this field. This book provides an overview of the principal problems, approaches, and challenges faced today in modeling the narrative structure of stories. The book introduces classical narratological concepts from literary theory and their mapping to computational approaches. It demonstrates how research in AI and NLP has modeled character goals, causality, and time using formalisms from planning, case-based reasoning, and temporal reasoning, and discusses fundamental limitations in such approaches. It proposes new representations for embedded narratives and fictional entities, for assessing the pace of a narrative, and offers an empirical theory of audience response. These notions are incorporated into an annotation scheme called NarrativeML. The book identifies key issues that need to be addressed, including annotation methods for long literary narratives, the representation of modality and habituality, and characterizing the goals of narrators. It also suggests a future characterized by advanced text mining of narrative structure from large-scale corpora and the development of a variety of useful authoring aids. This is the first book to provide a systematic foundation that integrates together narratology, AI, and computational linguistics. It can serve as a narratology primer for computer scientists and an elucidation of computational narratology for literary theorists. It is written in a highly accessible manner and is intended for use by a broad scientific audience that includes linguists (computational and formal semanticists), AI researchers, cognitive scientists, computer scientists, game developers, and narrative theorists.
Posted in Computers

Handbook of Linguistic Annotation

Author: Nancy Ide,James Pustejovsky

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402408819

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1459

View: 8815

This handbook offers a thorough treatment of the science of linguistic annotation. Leaders in the field guide the reader through the process of modeling, creating an annotation language, building a corpus and evaluating it for correctness. Essential reading for both computer scientists and linguistic researchers.Linguistic annotation is an increasingly important activity in the field of computational linguistics because of its critical role in the development of language models for natural language processing applications. Part one of this book covers all phases of the linguistic annotation process, from annotation scheme design and choice of representation format through both the manual and automatic annotation process, evaluation, and iterative improvement of annotation accuracy. The second part of the book includes case studies of annotation projects across the spectrum of linguistic annotation types, including morpho-syntactic tagging, syntactic analyses, a range of semantic analyses (semantic roles, named entities, sentiment and opinion), time and event and spatial analyses, and discourse level analyses including discourse structure, co-reference, etc. Each case study addresses the various phases and processes discussed in the chapters of part one.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Advances in Information Retrieval

25th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2003, Pisa, Italy, April 14-16, 2003, Proceedings

Author: Italy) European Conference on Ir Research 2003 (Pisa,Fabrizio Sebastiani,European Conference on IR Research

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540012745

Category: Computers

Page: 624

View: 550

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Information Retrieval Research, ECIR 2003, held in Pisa, Italy, in April 2003. The 31 revised full papers and 16 short papers presented together with two invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 101 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on IR and the Web; retrieval of structured documents; collaborative filtering and text mining; text representation and natural language processing; formal models and language models for IR; machine learning and IR; text categorization; usability, interactivity, and visualization; and architectural issues and efficiency.
Posted in Computers

Proceedings

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780818663406

Category: Electronic books

Page: 246

View: 4208

Proceedings of the June 1994 workshop. The 38 papers from 23 countries cover scheduling; synchronization; timing analysis; object-oriented systems; advanced applications; robot programming; and mobile robots. The keynote address is on flexibility versus predictability in real- time systems. Lacks an index. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
Posted in Electronic books

Provenance and Annotation of Data and Process

Third International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, Troy, NY, June 15-16, 2010, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Deborah L. McGuinness,James R. Michaelis,Luc Moreau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642178189

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 8849

The 7 revised full papers, 11 revised medium-length papers, 6 revised short, and 7 demo papers presented together with 10 poster/abstract papers describing late-breaking work were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. Provenance has been recognized to be important in a wide range of areas including databases, workflows, knowledge representation and reasoning, and digital libraries. Thus, many disciplines have proposed a wide range of provenance models, techniques, and infrastructure for encoding and using provenance. The papers investigate many facets of data provenance, process documentation, data derivation, and data annotation.
Posted in Business & Economics

Visual Information Systems. Web-Based Visual Information Search and Management

10th International Conference, VISUAL 2008, Salerno, Italy, September 11-12, 2008, Proceedings

Author: Monica Sebillo,Giuliana Vitiello,Gerald Schaefer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540858903

Category: Computers

Page: 340

View: 9280

The international conference series on Visual Information Systems (VISUAL) originatesfromtheideathattheexchangeofviews, resultsandexperienceswould allowresearchersandpractitionersworkingin the areaofvisualinformations- tems to address commonproblems moree?ectively. Following the success of p- vious editions held in Melbourne (1996), San Diego (1997), Amsterdam (1999), Lyon (2000), Taiwan (2002), Miami (2003), San Francisco (2004), Amsterdam (2005), and Shanghai (2007), the aim of the 2008 edition of the International ConferenceonVisualInformationSystemswasto providea fruitful forumofd- cussioninresearch?eldsrelatedtocomputervision, databases, humancomputer interaction, image processing, information visualization, and knowledge and - formation management. The University of Salerno was honored to celebrate the 10th edition of VISUAL, choosing a prestigioushotel situated on the enchanting Gulf of Salerno, located between the beautiful Coast of Amal? and the Cilento National Park (both part of UNESCO patrimony). VISUAL 2008 received 58 submissions, which were reviewed by more than 38 international experts in the related research ?elds from 19 di?erent countries. The resulting technical p- gramcontinuedthetraditionofmixingcarefully-reviewedresearchcontributions, experience reports and other activities with plenary presentations. Papers c- lectedinthis volumeinclude, butarenotlimitedto, topics ondatavisualization, geovisualization, image and video databases, mobile visual information systems, visual data mining, machine learning and pattern recognition techniques for - sualinformationmanagement, andapplicationsofvisualinformationsystems. In particular, three keynote talks were delivered at VISUAL 2008 and six thematic sessions were organized. The ?rst invited talk, A Visual Analytics Approach to Exploration of Large Amounts of Movement Data, was given by Prof. Gennady AndrienkoincooperationwithNataliaAndrienko, fromthe FraunhoferInstitute Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems. Prof. Andrienko faced the issue of enhancing human interpretation of movement data and described the results of their research experience about adequate analysis methods.
Posted in Computers

Wie man Freunde gewinnt

Die Kunst, beliebt und einflussreich zu werden

Author: Dale Carnegie

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104031479

Category: Self-Help

Page: 304

View: 567

Dieses Buch zeigt Ihnen: - wie man Freunde gewinnt - wie man auf neuen Wegen zu neuen Zielen gelangt - wie man beliebt wird - wie man seine Umwelt beeinflußt - wie man mehr Ansehen erlangt - wie man im Beruf erfolgreicher wird - wie man Streit vermeidet - wie man ein guter Redner und brillanter Gesellschafter wird - wie man den Charakter seiner Mitmenschen erkennt - wie man seine Mitarbeiter anspornt und vieles mehr...
Posted in Self-Help

Viel Lärm um nichts (illustriert)

Author: William Shakespeare

Publisher: Clap Publishing, LLC.

ISBN: 1635371465

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 121

View: 8151

Viel Lärm um nichts ist eine Komödie um Liebe und Intrigen von William Shakespeare; sie unterscheidet sich von Shakespeares anderen romanesken Komödien durch den realeren Bezug zur Liebe. Claudio interessiert sich vor allem für Heros Erbschaft, Benedikt und Beatrice erliegen nicht der konventionellen Augenliebe, sondern finden sich erst nach Einmischungen der anderen Figuren. Besonders hervorstechend ist das Spiel mit dem Sein und dem Schein, worauf schon das Wortspiel im Titel hinweist – nothing und noting („nichts“ und „wahrnehmen, erkennen“). Damit sind einerseits die Intrigen gegen Hero, andererseits die Sitten der höfischen Selbstinszenierung, insbesondere bei Benedikt und Beatrice, gemeint. Geschrieben wurde das Stück 1598/99 und erstmals in der Quartoausgabe von 1600 gedruckt.
Posted in Performing Arts

The Language of Time

A Reader

Author: Inderjeet Mani,James Pustejovsky,Robert Gaizauskas

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199268541

Category: Computers

Page: 588

View: 2535

"This book includes selected classic and contemporary papers in four areas: tense, aspect and event structure; temporal reasoning; the temporal structure of natural language discourse; and temporal annotation. Introductions to each area provide technicalbackground for the non-specialist, explaining the underlying connections across disciplines"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Computers

Natural Language Annotation for Machine Learning

A Guide to Corpus-Building for Applications

Author: James Pustejovsky,Amber Stubbs

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449359760

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 3897

Create your own natural language training corpus for machine learning. Whether you’re working with English, Chinese, or any other natural language, this hands-on book guides you through a proven annotation development cycle—the process of adding metadata to your training corpus to help ML algorithms work more efficiently. You don’t need any programming or linguistics experience to get started. Using detailed examples at every step, you’ll learn how the MATTER Annotation Development Process helps you Model, Annotate, Train, Test, Evaluate, and Revise your training corpus. You also get a complete walkthrough of a real-world annotation project. Define a clear annotation goal before collecting your dataset (corpus) Learn tools for analyzing the linguistic content of your corpus Build a model and specification for your annotation project Examine the different annotation formats, from basic XML to the Linguistic Annotation Framework Create a gold standard corpus that can be used to train and test ML algorithms Select the ML algorithms that will process your annotated data Evaluate the test results and revise your annotation task Learn how to use lightweight software for annotating texts and adjudicating the annotations This book is a perfect companion to O’Reilly’s Natural Language Processing with Python.
Posted in Computers

Schloss aus Glas

Author: Jeannette Walls

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455810519

Category: Fiction

Page: 382

View: 3286

Jeannette Walls ist ein glückliches Kind: Sie hat einen Vater, der mit ihr auf Dämonenjagd geht, ihr die Physik erklärt und die Sterne vom Himmel holt. Da nimmt sie gerne in Kauf, immer mal wieder mit leerem Bauch ins Bett zu gehen, ihre egomanische Künstlermutter zu ertragen oder in Nacht-und-Nebel-Aktionen den Wohnort zu wechseln. Mit den Jahren allerdings werden die sozialen Verhältnisse schlimmer, die Sprüche des Vaters schaler und das Lügengebäude der Eltern so zerbrechlich wie das Schloss aus Glas, das der Vater jahrelang zu bauen versprochen hatte.
Posted in Fiction

Die Bücherdiebin

Roman

Author: Markus Zusak

Publisher: cbj Verlag

ISBN: 3894804270

Category: Fiction

Page: 592

View: 3888

Selbst der Tod hat ein Herz ... Molching bei München. Hans und Rosa Hubermann nehmen die kleine Liesel Meminger bei sich auf – für eine bescheidene Beihilfe, die ihnen die ersten Kriegsjahre kaum erträglicher macht. Für Liesel jedoch bricht eine Zeit voller Hoffnung, voll schieren Glücks an – in dem Augenblick, als sie zu stehlen beginnt. Anfangs ist es nur ein Buch, das im Schnee liegen geblieben ist. Dann eines, das sie aus dem Feuer rettet. Dann Äpfel, Kartoffeln und Zwiebeln. Das Herz von Rudi. Die Herzen von Hans und Rosa Hubermann. Das Herz von Max. Und das des Todes. Denn selbst der Tod hat ein Herz. „Die Bücherdiebin“ ist eine Liebesgeschichte, eine Hommage an Bücher und Worte und eine Erinnerung an die Macht der Sprache, die im Roman von Markus Zusak viele Facetten zeigt: den lakonisch-distanzierten Ton des Erzählers, Poesie und Zuversicht – und die reduzierte Sprache der Nazipropaganda.
Posted in Fiction

IJCAI

Proceedings of the Conference

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: N.A

View: 2722

Posted in Artificial intelligence