An Introduction to Criminology

Author: W. A. Bonger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317433408

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 4223

This book, first published in 1936, provides an introduction to the various branches of criminology, including criminal psychology and criminology as an applied science. This title also provides an overview of some of the different criminological schools and theories. This book will be of interest to students of criminology and sociology.
Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Critical Criminology

Author: Pamela Ugwudike

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447309405

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 639

An Introduction to Critical Criminology offers an accessible introduction to foundational and contemporary theories and perspectives in critical criminology which introduces students to theories and perspectives about the causes of crime, and the operation of the criminal justice system.
Posted in Social Science

Critical Criminology (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Ian Taylor,Paul Walton,Jock Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136334025

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 5184

First published in 1975, this collection of essays expands upon the themes and ideas developed in the editors’ previous work, the visionary and groundbreaking text: The New Criminology. Directed at orthodox criminology, this is a partisan work written by a group of criminologists committed to a social transformation: a transformation to a society that does not criminalize deviance. Included are American contributions, particularly from the School of Criminology at Berkeley, represented by Hermann and Julia Schwendinger and Tony Platt, together with essays by Richard Quinney and William Chambliss. From Britain, Geoff Pearson considers deviancy theory as ‘misfit sociology’ and Paul Hirst attacks deviancy theory from an Althusserian Marxist position. The editors contribute a detailed introductory essay extending the position developed in The New Criminology, and two other pieces which attempt to continue the task of translating criminology from its traditional correctionalist stance to a commitment to socialist diversity and a crime-free set of social arrangements.
Posted in Social Science

Women, Crime and Criminology (Routledge Revivals)

A Feminist Critique

Author: Carol Smart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136161465

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 8575

First published in 1977, Women, Crime and Criminology presents a feminist critique of classical and contemporary theories of female criminality. It addresses the issue that criminology literature has, throughout history, been predominantly male-oriented, always treating female criminality as marginal to the ‘proper’ study of crime in society. Carol Smart explores a new direction in criminology, and the sociology of deviance, by investigating female crime from a committed feminist position. Examining the types of offences committed by female offenders, Smart points to the fallacies inherent in a reliance on official statistics and shows the deficiencies of the popular argument that female emancipation has caused an increase in female crime rates. She deals with studies of prostitution and rape and considers the treatment of women – as offenders and victims – by the criminal law, the police and courts, and the penal system. Particular attention is given to the question of lenient treatment for female offenders with the conclusion that women and girls are, in some important instances, actually discriminated against in our legal and penal systems. The relationship between female criminality and mental illness is discussed and the author concludes by dealing with some of the problems inherent in developing a feminist criminology.
Posted in Social Science

Victimology (Routledge Revivals)

The Victim and the Criminal Justice Process

Author: Sandra L. Walklate

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136750444

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 6614

First published in 1989, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of the victims of crime and the way in which they are treated in society generally, and in the criminal justice process in particular. The study of victims of crime is important to academics, the wider community of policy initiation and implementation, and to the political arena. Sandra Walklate examines the nature of this interest, and the contributions of victim-related research and criminal victimization surveys, in order to be able to provide the reader with a critical assessment of the issues involved. This book will be of interest to students of criminology, sociology, social policy and law, as well as victim support workers, probation officers, social workers, police officers and all those interested in the plight of victims of crime.
Posted in Social Science

Victimology (Routledge Revivals)

The Victim and the Criminal Justice Process

Author: Sandra L. Walklate

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415820097

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 4999

First published in 1989, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of the victims of crime and the way in which they are treated in society generally, and in the criminal justice process in particular. The study of victims of crime is important to academics, the wider community of policy initiation and implementation, and to the political arena. Sandra Walklate examines the nature of this interest, and the contributions of victim-related research and criminal victimization surveys, in order to be able to provide the reader with a critical assessment of the issues involved. This book will be of interest to students of criminology, sociology, social policy and law, as well as victim support workers, probation officers, social workers, police officers and all those interested in the plight of victims of crime.
Posted in Political Science

Critical Criminology

Author: Ian Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415519438

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 9605

First published in 1975, this collection of essays expands upon the themes and ideas developed in the editors' previous work, the visionary and groundbreaking text: The New Criminology. Directed at orthodox criminology, this is a partisan work written by a group of criminologists committed to a social transformation: a transformation to a society that does not criminalize deviance. Included are American contributions, particularly from the School of Criminology at Berkeley, represented by Hermann and Julia Schwendinger and Tony Platt, together with essays by Richard Quinney and William Chambliss. From Britain, Geoff Pearson considers deviancy theory as 'misfit sociology' and Paul Hirst attacks deviancy theory from an Althusserian Marxist position. The editors contribute a detailed introductory essay extending the position developed in The New Criminology, and two other pieces which attempt to continue the task of translating criminology from its traditional correctionalist stance to a commitment to socialist diversity and a crime-free set of social arrangements.
Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Criminological Theory

Author: Marilyn McShane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135632731

Category: Reference

Page: 300

View: 9182

First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Posted in Reference

Inequality, Crime and Public Policy (Routledge Revivals)

Author: John Braithwaite

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135094438

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 9014

First published in 1979, Inequality, Crime, and Public Policy integrates and interprets the vast corpus of existing research on social class, slums, and crime, and presents its own findings on these matters. It explores two major questions. First, do policies designed to redistribute wealth and power within capitalist societies have effects upon crime? Second, do policies created to overcome the residential segregation of social classes have effects on crime? The book provides a brilliantly comprehensive and systematic review of the empirical evidence to support or refute the classic theories of Engles, Bonger, Merton, Cloward and Ohlin, Cohen, Miller, Shaw and McKay, amongst many others. Braithwaite confronts these theories with evidence of the extent and nature of white collar crime, and a consideration of the way law enhancement and law enforcement might serve class interest.
Posted in Social Science

Regulating Fraud (Routledge Revivals)

White-Collar Crime and the Criminal Process

Author: Michael Levi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134049358

Category:

Page: 386

View: 3449

First published in 1987, this book discusses white-collar or commercial crime which has grown to be a major issue in our society today. Looking at research from North America and Britain, the book explores the way fraudsters are treated. It draws on various disciplines including Economics, Law, Politics, and Sociology in order to show the frequency and impact of different types of fraud. In this book, Dr. Levi introduces the reader to the key areas of debate: What pressures influence the law on fraud? How do state agencies, self-regulatory bodies, or other professionals police fraud? To what extent are money-laundering and international organized crime breaking down the distinction between policing of the underworld and the upperworld? Dr. Levi concludes with an analysis of national and international policy trends in relation to fraud. This book will be of interests to students of criminology, politics, and the sociology of law as well as to practicing lawyers and other professionals in the business sector.
Posted in

Out of Order? (Routledge Revivals)

Policing Black People

Author: E. Cashmore,E. McLaughlin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135072787

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 4781

First published in 1991, this book evaluates and compares the problematic relationships that have sometimes existed between police and Afro-Caribbean people in Britain and in the United States of America. Contributors from both sides of the Atlantic assess conflicting claims from police and black communities, as to whether some police are racist or too brutal in their operations. Although this book was written in the early 90s, many of the issues discussed remain interesting and relevant to our society today.
Posted in Social Science

Sociological Aspects of Crime and Delinquency (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Michael Phillipson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131756975X

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 330

The field of crime and delinquency attracts a great deal of heated and partial opinion, prejudice and other forms of mal-thinking. When there is a scientific approach there tends to be a psychological explanation. This book, first published in 1971, is a corrective to both trends. It is a discussion of criminal behaviour in relation to a wide range of behaviours which could be called deviance and regards the whole field from the sociological point of view. The whole discussion is related to social policy, and is vital reading for students of sociology and criminology.
Posted in Social Science

Deviant Behaviour (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Paul Rock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134622538

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 8266

This book, first published in 1973, explores the manner in which conceptions of deviancy arise and shows how the attitudes of non-deviants, of society and of authority, are as instrumental in forming these conceptions as the actions of the deviants themselves. Chapters include discussions on the definition of deviants and deviancy and the enforcement of the law, alongside a detailed introduction. This title will be of particular value to students and scholars with an interest in criminology and the sociology and psychology of deviancy.
Posted in Social Science

Public Order and Private Lives (Routledge Revivals)

The Politics of Law and Order

Author: Michael Brake,Chris Hale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134077912

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 376

First published in 1992, Public Order and Private Lives is a radical examination of the political forces which shaped the law and order debate in Britain at that time. The authors offer a significant and provoking analysis of Conservative policies on crime, showing that, ironically, they created the very social conditions in which crime flourished. The book argues that the Conservative government undermined basic civil liberties by its increased use of legislation as a means of control and coercion, and as a result of this, crime increased under their governance.
Posted in Social Science

Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse

Author: Sigmund Freud

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 394761814X

Category: Psychology

Page: 540

View: 6693

Was ich hier als »Einführung in die Psychoanalyse« der Öffentlichkeit übergebe, ... ist die getreue Wiedergabe von Vorlesungen, die ich in den zwei Wintersemestern 1915/6 und 1916/7 vor einer aus Ärzten und Laien und aus beiden Geschlechtern gemischten Zuhörerschaft gehalten habe. Alle Eigentümlichkeiten, durch welche diese Arbeit den Lesern des Buches auffallen wird, erklären sich aus den Bedingungen ihrer Entstehung. Es war nicht möglich, in der Darstellung die kühle Ruhe einer wissenschaftlichen Abhandlung zu wahren; vielmehr mußte sich der Redner zur Aufgabe machen, die Aufmerksamkeit der Zuhörer während eines fast zweistündigen Vortrags nicht erlahmen zu lassen. Die Rücksicht auf die momentane Wirkung machte es unvermeidlich, daß derselbe Gegenstand eine wiederholte Behandlung fand, z. B. das eine Mal im Zusammenhang der Traumdeutung und dann später in dem der Neurosenprobleme. Die Anordnung des Stoffes brachte es auch mit sich, daß manche wichtige Themen, wie z. B. das des Unbewußten, nicht an einer einzigen Stelle erschöpfend gewürdigt werden konnten, sondern zu wiederholten Malen aufgenommen und wieder fallen gelassen wurden, bis sich eine neue Gelegenheit ergab, etwas zu ihrer Kenntnis hinzuzufügen. [Sigmund Freud im »Vorwort«] Inhalt: Vorwort | Erster Teil: Die Fehlleistungen | 1. Einleitung | 2. Die Fehlleistungen | 3. Die Fehlleistungen (Fortsetzung) | 4. Die Fehlleistungen (Schluß) | Zweiter Teil: Der Traum | 5. Schwierigkeiten und erste Annäherungen | 6. Voraussetzungen und Technik der Deutung | 7. Manifester Trauminhalt und latente Traumgedanken | 8. Kinderträume | 9. Die Traumzensur | 10. Die Symbolik im Traum | 11. Die Traumarbeit | 12. Analysen von Traumbeispielen | 13. Archaische Züge und Infantilismus des Traumes | 14. Die Wunscherfüllung | 15. Unsicherheiten und Kritiken | Dritter Teil: Allgemeine Neurosenlehre 16. Psychoanalyse und Psychiatrie | 17. Der Sinn der Symptome | 18. Die Fixierung an das Trauma. Das Unbewußte | 19. Widerstand und Verdrängung | 20. Das menschliche Sexualleben | 21. Libidoentwicklung und Sexualorganisationen | 22. Gesichtspunkte der Entwicklung und Regression. Ätiologie | 23. Die Wege der Symptombildung | 24. Die gemeine Nervosität | 25. Die Angst | 26. Die Libidotheorie und der Narzißmus | 27. Die Übertragung | 28. Die analytische Therapie
Posted in Psychology

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8942

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Crime and Social Control in Central-Eastern Europe

A Guide to Theory and Practice

Author: ALEKSANDAR. FATIC

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138611566

Category:

Page: 168

View: 4496

First published in 1997. This work provides a criminological introduction to the current situation of criminal justice systems in the politically changing Central-Eastern Europe after 1989. It explores concrete problems which the countries are facing, such as the release of political prisoners and those sentenced excessively under the communist regime. The concluding part illuminates the case studies in the previous sections from the point of view of their possible interaction into a cohesive and coherent criminological discipline.
Posted in

Women, Policing, and Male Violence (Routledge Revivals)

International Perspectives

Author: Jalna Hanmer,Jill Radford,Elizabeth Stanko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134100876

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 5481

First published in 1989, this book focuses on the policing of male violence against women. It is an issue that has been criticised substantially in the past, and the book shows how even police themselves have sometimes admitted that women have received inadequate treatment. The book includes contributions from North America, Australia, and Western Europe and looks at different approaches that have been taken by states in intervening into the violence of men against women. Chapters explore the differences and similarities of policing practices in western societies at the time surrounding the book’s original publication.
Posted in Social Science

Intimate Intrusions (Routledge Revivals)

Women's Experience of Male Violence

Author: Elizabeth Stanko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134078757

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 2460

First published in 1985, this book looks at the victimisation of women, focusing on the four main areas of incest, rape, physical violence, and sexual harassment. Elizabeth Stanko’s work is based on original research and interviews with police forces, victims and others involved. It examines women’s experiences of male violence and looks at the reactions of those to whom women complain, including police officers, judges and union officials. The book analyses the decision making process of the criminal justice system and of administrative personnel at the time of publication, and Stanko shows how such institutions can be carriers of a male point of view.
Posted in Social Science