An Introduction to Bayesian Analysis

Theory and Methods

Author: Jayanta K. Ghosh,Mohan Delampady,Tapas Samanta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387354336

Category: Mathematics

Page: 354

View: 1214

This is a graduate-level textbook on Bayesian analysis blending modern Bayesian theory, methods, and applications. Starting from basic statistics, undergraduate calculus and linear algebra, ideas of both subjective and objective Bayesian analysis are developed to a level where real-life data can be analyzed using the current techniques of statistical computing. Advances in both low-dimensional and high-dimensional problems are covered, as well as important topics such as empirical Bayes and hierarchical Bayes methods and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques. Many topics are at the cutting edge of statistical research. Solutions to common inference problems appear throughout the text along with discussion of what prior to choose. There is a discussion of elicitation of a subjective prior as well as the motivation, applicability, and limitations of objective priors. By way of important applications the book presents microarrays, nonparametric regression via wavelets as well as DMA mixtures of normals, and spatial analysis with illustrations using simulated and real data. Theoretical topics at the cutting edge include high-dimensional model selection and Intrinsic Bayes Factors, which the authors have successfully applied to geological mapping. The style is informal but clear. Asymptotics is used to supplement simulation or understand some aspects of the posterior.
Posted in Mathematics

An Introduction to Bayesian Inference in Econometrics

Author: Arnold Zellner

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471169376

Category: Mathematics

Page: 448

View: 3417

This is a classical reprint edition of the original 1971 edition of An Introduction to Bayesian Inference in Economics. This historical volume is an early introduction to Bayesian inference and methodology which still has lasting value for today's statistician and student. The coverage ranges from the fundamental concepts and operations of Bayesian inference to analysis of applications in specific econometric problems and the testing of hypotheses and models.
Posted in Mathematics

Introduction to Bayesian Statistics

Author: William M. Bolstad,James M. Curran

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118593227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 9218

"...this edition is useful and effective in teaching Bayesian inference at both elementary and intermediate levels. It is a well-written book on elementary Bayesian inference, and the material is easily accessible. It is both concise and timely, and provides a good collection of overviews and reviews of important tools used in Bayesian statistical methods." There is a strong upsurge in the use of Bayesian methods in applied statistical analysis, yet most introductory statistics texts only present frequentist methods. Bayesian statistics has many important advantages that students should learn about if they are going into fields where statistics will be used. In this third Edition, four newly-added chapters address topics that reflect the rapid advances in the field of Bayesian statistics. The authors continue to provide a Bayesian treatment of introductory statistical topics, such as scientific data gathering, discrete random variables, robust Bayesian methods, and Bayesian approaches to inference for discrete random variables, binomial proportions, Poisson, and normal means, and simple linear regression. In addition, more advanced topics in the field are presented in four new chapters: Bayesian inference for a normal with unknown mean and variance; Bayesian inference for a Multivariate Normal mean vector; Bayesian inference for the Multiple Linear Regression Model; and Computational Bayesian Statistics including Markov Chain Monte Carlo. The inclusion of these topics will facilitate readers' ability to advance from a minimal understanding of Statistics to the ability to tackle topics in more applied, advanced level books. Minitab macros and R functions are available on the book's related website to assist with chapter exercises. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition also features: Topics including the Joint Likelihood function and inference using independent Jeffreys priors and join conjugate prior The cutting-edge topic of computational Bayesian Statistics in a new chapter, with a unique focus on Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods Exercises throughout the book that have been updated to reflect new applications and the latest software applications Detailed appendices that guide readers through the use of R and Minitab software for Bayesian analysis and Monte Carlo simulations, with all related macros available on the book's website Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition is a textbook for upper-undergraduate or first-year graduate level courses on introductory statistics course with a Bayesian emphasis. It can also be used as a reference work for statisticians who require a working knowledge of Bayesian statistics.
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The BUGS Book

A Practical Introduction to Bayesian Analysis

Author: David Lunn,Chris Jackson,Nicky Best,Andrew Thomas,David Spiegelhalter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584888490

Category: Mathematics

Page: 399

View: 538

Bayesian statistical methods have become widely used for data analysis and modelling in recent years, and the BUGS software has become the most popular software for Bayesian analysis worldwide. Authored by the team that originally developed this software, The BUGS Book provides a practical introduction to this program and its use. The text presents complete coverage of all the functionalities of BUGS, including prediction, missing data, model criticism, and prior sensitivity. It also features a large number of worked examples and a wide range of applications from various disciplines. The book introduces regression models, techniques for criticism and comparison, and a wide range of modelling issues before going into the vital area of hierarchical models, one of the most common applications of Bayesian methods. It deals with essentials of modelling without getting bogged down in complexity. The book emphasises model criticism, model comparison, sensitivity analysis to alternative priors, and thoughtful choice of prior distributions—all those aspects of the "art" of modelling that are easily overlooked in more theoretical expositions. More pragmatic than ideological, the authors systematically work through the large range of "tricks" that reveal the real power of the BUGS software, for example, dealing with missing data, censoring, grouped data, prediction, ranking, parameter constraints, and so on. Many of the examples are biostatistical, but they do not require domain knowledge and are generalisable to a wide range of other application areas. Full code and data for examples, exercises, and some solutions can be found on the book’s website.
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An Introduction to Bayesian Inference and Decision

Author: Robert L. Winkler

Publisher: Probabilistic Pub

ISBN: 9780964793842

Category: Mathematics

Page: 452

View: 9558

CD-ROM contains: Beta Distribution Generator (Excel file) ; Binomial Distribution Generator (Excel file) ; book exercises (MS Word files) ; book figures (Powerpoint files) ; TreeAge Data decision trees for some of the examples in the book ; Demonstration versions of TreeAge Data and Lumina Analytica.
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Bayes' Rule

A Tutorial Introduction to Bayesian Analysis

Author: James V. Stone

Publisher: Sebtel Press

ISBN: 0956372848

Category: Bayesian statistical decision theory

Page: 170

View: 9689

In this richly illustrated book, a range of accessible examples are used to show how Bayes' rule is actually a natural consequence of commonsense reasoning. The tutorial style of writing, combined with a comprehensive glossary, makes this an ideal primer for the novice who wishes to become familiar with the basic principles of Bayesian analysis.
Posted in Bayesian statistical decision theory

Introduction to Bayesian Estimation and Copula Models of Dependence

Author: Arkady Shemyakin,Alexander Kniazev

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118959019

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 5651

Presents an introduction to Bayesian statistics, presents an emphasis on Bayesian methods (prior and posterior), Bayes estimation, prediction, MCMC,Bayesian regression, and Bayesian analysis of statistical modelsof dependence, and features a focus on copulas for risk management Introduction to Bayesian Estimation and Copula Models of Dependence emphasizes the applications of Bayesian analysis to copula modeling and equips readers with the tools needed to implement the procedures of Bayesian estimation in copula models of dependence. This book is structured in two parts: the first four chapters serve as a general introduction to Bayesian statistics with a clear emphasis on parametric estimation and the following four chapters stress statistical models of dependence with a focus of copulas. A review of the main concepts is discussed along with the basics of Bayesian statistics including prior information and experimental data, prior and posterior distributions, with an emphasis on Bayesian parametric estimation. The basic mathematical background of both Markov chains and Monte Carlo integration and simulation is also provided. The authors discuss statistical models of dependence with a focus on copulas and present a brief survey of pre-copula dependence models. The main definitions and notations of copula models are summarized followed by discussions of real-world cases that address particular risk management problems. In addition, this book includes: • Practical examples of copulas in use including within the Basel Accord II documents that regulate the world banking system as well as examples of Bayesian methods within current FDA recommendations • Step-by-step procedures of multivariate data analysis and copula modeling, allowing readers to gain insight for their own applied research and studies • Separate reference lists within each chapter and end-of-the-chapter exercises within Chapters 2 through 8 • A companion website containing appendices: data files and demo files in Microsoft® Office Excel®, basic code in R, and selected exercise solutions Introduction to Bayesian Estimation and Copula Models of Dependence is a reference and resource for statisticians who need to learn formal Bayesian analysis as well as professionals within analytical and risk management departments of banks and insurance companies who are involved in quantitative analysis and forecasting. This book can also be used as a textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses in Bayesian statistics and analysis. ARKADY SHEMYAKIN, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Mathematics and Director of the Statistics Program at the University of St. Thomas. A member of the American Statistical Association and the International Society for Bayesian Analysis, Dr. Shemyakin's research interests include informationtheory, Bayesian methods of parametric estimation, and copula models in actuarial mathematics, finance, and engineering. ALEXANDER KNIAZEV, PhD, is Associate Professor and Head of the Department of Mathematics at Astrakhan State University in Russia. Dr. Kniazev's research interests include representation theory of Lie algebras and finite groups, mathematical statistics, econometrics, and financial mathematics.
Posted in Mathematics

A Student’s Guide to Bayesian Statistics

Author: Ben Lambert

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526418266

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 9037

Supported by a wealth of learning features, exercises, and visual elements as well as online video tutorials and interactive simulations, this book is the first student-focused introduction to Bayesian statistics. Without sacrificing technical integrity for the sake of simplicity, the author draws upon accessible, student-friendly language to provide approachable instruction perfectly aimed at statistics and Bayesian newcomers. Through a logical structure that introduces and builds upon key concepts in a gradual way and slowly acclimatizes students to using R and Stan software, the book covers: An introduction to probability and Bayesian inference Understanding Bayes' rule Nuts and bolts of Bayesian analytic methods Computational Bayes and real-world Bayesian analysis Regression analysis and hierarchical methods This unique guide will help students develop the statistical confidence and skills to put the Bayesian formula into practice, from the basic concepts of statistical inference to complex applications of analyses.
Posted in Social Science

Biostatistics with R

An Introduction to Statistics Through Biological Data

Author: Babak Shahbaba

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461413028

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 4212

Biostatistics with R is designed around the dynamic interplay among statistical methods, their applications in biology, and their implementation. The book explains basic statistical concepts with a simple yet rigorous language. The development of ideas is in the context of real applied problems, for which step-by-step instructions for using R and R-Commander are provided. Topics include data exploration, estimation, hypothesis testing, linear regression analysis, and clustering with two appendices on installing and using R and R-Commander. A novel feature of this book is an introduction to Bayesian analysis. This author discusses basic statistical analysis through a series of biological examples using R and R-Commander as computational tools. The book is ideal for instructors of basic statistics for biologists and other health scientists. The step-by-step application of statistical methods discussed in this book allows readers, who are interested in statistics and its application in biology, to use the book as a self-learning text.
Posted in Medical

The Bayesian Choice

From Decision-Theoretic Foundations to Computational Implementation

Author: Christian Robert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387715983

Category: Mathematics

Page: 606

View: 8220

This is an introduction to Bayesian statistics and decision theory, including advanced topics such as Monte Carlo methods. This new edition contains several revised chapters and a new chapter on model choice.
Posted in Mathematics

Bayesian Statistics

An Introduction

Author: Peter M. Lee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118359771

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 9394

Bayesian Statistics is the school of thought that combines priorbeliefs with the likelihood of a hypothesis to arrive at posteriorbeliefs. The first edition of Peter Lee’s book appeared in1989, but the subject has moved ever onwards, with increasingemphasis on Monte Carlo based techniques. This new fourth edition looks at recent techniques such asvariational methods, Bayesian importance sampling, approximateBayesian computation and Reversible Jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo(RJMCMC), providing a concise account of the way in which theBayesian approach to statistics develops as well as how itcontrasts with the conventional approach. The theory is built upstep by step, and important notions such as sufficiency are broughtout of a discussion of the salient features of specificexamples. This edition: Includes expanded coverage of Gibbs sampling, including morenumerical examples and treatments of OpenBUGS, R2WinBUGS andR2OpenBUGS. Presents significant new material on recent techniques such asBayesian importance sampling, variational Bayes, ApproximateBayesian Computation (ABC) and Reversible Jump Markov Chain MonteCarlo (RJMCMC). Provides extensive examples throughout the book to complementthe theory presented. Accompanied by a supporting website featuring new material andsolutions. More and more students are realizing that they need to learnBayesian statistics to meet their academic and professional goals.This book is best suited for use as a main text in courses onBayesian statistics for third and fourth year undergraduates andpostgraduate students.
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Bayesian Statistics for Evaluation Research

An Introduction

Author: William E. Pollard

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3639

Pollard's introduction to the logic and techniques of Bayesian analysis is aimed at evaluation researchers. Although there is increasing interest in the approach among evaluators, most are unaware of what it has to offer. He addresses basic questions such as: What is it? How can it be applied? How is it different from other approaches? What advantages does it offer? Readers are assumed to have familiarity with programme evaluation and a sound knowledge of statistics.
Posted in Social Science

Einführung in die Bayes-Statistik

Author: Karl-Rudolf Koch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642569706

Category: Science

Page: 225

View: 420

Das Buch führt auf einfache und verständliche Weise in die Bayes-Statistik ein. Ausgehend vom Bayes-Theorem werden die Schätzung unbekannter Parameter, die Festlegung von Konfidenzregionen für die unbekannten Parameter und die Prüfung von Hypothesen für die Parameter abgeleitet. Angewendet werden die Verfahren für die Parameterschätzung im linearen Modell, für die Parameterschätzung, die sich robust gegenüber Ausreißern in den Beobachtungen verhält, für die Prädiktion und Filterung, die Varianz- und Kovarianzkomponentenschätzung und die Mustererkennung. Für Entscheidungen in Systemen mit Unsicherheiten dienen Bayes-Netze. Lassen sich notwendige Integrale analytisch nicht lösen, werden numerische Verfahren mit Hilfe von Zufallswerten eingesetzt.
Posted in Science

Bayesian statistics

principles, models, and applications

Author: S. James Press

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 237

View: 9169

An introduction to Bayesian statistics, with emphasis on interpretation of theory, and application of Bayesian ideas to practical problems. First part covers basic issues and principles, such as subjective probability, Bayesian inference and decision making, the likelihood principle, predictivism, and numerical methods of approximating posterior distributions, and includes a listing of Bayesian computer programs. Second part is devoted to models and applications, including univariate and multivariate regression models, the general linear model, Bayesian classification and discrimination, and a case study of how disputed authorship of some of the Federalist Papers was resolved via Bayesian analysis. Includes biographical material on Thomas Bayes, and a reproduction of Bayes's original essay. Contains exercises.
Posted in Mathematics

Reasoning with Data

An Introduction to Traditional and Bayesian Statistics Using R

Author: Jeffrey M. Stanton

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462530273

Category: Computers

Page: 325

View: 3300

Engaging and accessible, this book teaches readers how to use inferential statistical thinking to check their assumptions, assess evidence about their beliefs, and avoid overinterpreting results that may look more promising than they really are. It provides step-by-step guidance for using both classical (frequentist) and Bayesian approaches to inference. Statistical techniques covered side by side from both frequentist and Bayesian approaches include hypothesis testing, replication, analysis of variance, calculation of effect sizes, regression, time series analysis, and more. Students also get a complete introduction to the open-source R programming language and its key packages. Throughout the text, simple commands in R demonstrate essential data analysis skills using real-data examples. The companion website provides annotated R code for the book's examples, in-class exercises, supplemental reading lists, and links to online videos, interactive materials, and other resources. Pedagogical Features: *Playful, conversational style and gradual approach; suitable for students without strong math backgrounds. *End-of-chapter exercises based on real data supplied in the free R package. *Technical Explanation and Equation/Output boxes. *Appendices on how to install R and work with the sample datasets.
Posted in Computers

Bayesian Analysis for the Social Sciences

Author: Simon Jackman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470686638

Category: Mathematics

Page: 598

View: 7669

Bayesian methods are increasingly being used in the social sciences, as the problems encountered lend themselves so naturally to the subjective qualities of Bayesian methodology. This book provides an accessible introduction to Bayesian methods, tailored specifically for social science students. It contains lots of real examples from political science, psychology, sociology, and economics, exercises in all chapters, and detailed descriptions of all the key concepts, without assuming any background in statistics beyond a first course. It features examples of how to implement the methods using WinBUGS – the most-widely used Bayesian analysis software in the world – and R – an open-source statistical software. The book is supported by a Website featuring WinBUGS and R code, and data sets.
Posted in Mathematics

An Introduction to Statistical Modeling of Extreme Values

Author: Stuart Coles

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447136756

Category: Mathematics

Page: 209

View: 8142

Directly oriented towards real practical application, this book develops both the basic theoretical framework of extreme value models and the statistical inferential techniques for using these models in practice. Intended for statisticians and non-statisticians alike, the theoretical treatment is elementary, with heuristics often replacing detailed mathematical proof. Most aspects of extreme modeling techniques are covered, including historical techniques (still widely used) and contemporary techniques based on point process models. A wide range of worked examples, using genuine datasets, illustrate the various modeling procedures and a concluding chapter provides a brief introduction to a number of more advanced topics, including Bayesian inference and spatial extremes. All the computations are carried out using S-PLUS, and the corresponding datasets and functions are available via the Internet for readers to recreate examples for themselves. An essential reference for students and researchers in statistics and disciplines such as engineering, finance and environmental science, this book will also appeal to practitioners looking for practical help in solving real problems. Stuart Coles is Reader in Statistics at the University of Bristol, UK, having previously lectured at the universities of Nottingham and Lancaster. In 1992 he was the first recipient of the Royal Statistical Society's research prize. He has published widely in the statistical literature, principally in the area of extreme value modeling.
Posted in Mathematics

An Introduction to Bayesian Scientific Computing

Ten Lectures on Subjective Computing

Author: Daniela Calvetti,E. Somersalo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387733949

Category: Computers

Page: 202

View: 6980

This book has been written for undergraduate and graduate students in various disciplines of mathematics. The authors, internationally recognized experts in their field, have developed a superior teaching and learning tool that makes it easy to grasp new concepts and apply them in practice. The book’s highly accessible approach makes it particularly ideal if you want to become acquainted with the Bayesian approach to computational science, but do not need to be fully immersed in detailed statistical analysis.
Posted in Computers

Statistik: Klassisch oder Bayes

Zwei Wege im Vergleich

Author: Wolfgang Tschirk

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642543855

Category: Mathematics

Page: 166

View: 2497

Die schließende Statistik ist die Wissenschaft davon, aus einer Stichprobe auf die Gesamtheit zu schließen. In ihr gibt es zwei vorherrschende Lehren: die klassische Statistik und die Bayes-Statistik. Die klassische Statistik verwendet zum Schätzen von Parametern und zum Testen von Hypothesen nur die Stichprobe; die bayessche stellt zusätzlich in Rechnung, was man sonst noch über das Problem weiß oder annimmt. Das hängt mit unterschiedlichen Meinungen darüber zusammen, was Wahrscheinlichkeit bedeutet: relative Häufigkeit in Zufallsexperimenten (die klassische Sicht) oder einen Ausdruck des Wissens (die bayessche). Dieses Buch soll die Standpunkte klären und prüfen: Ausgehend vom jeweiligen Wahrscheinlichkeitsbegriff werden klassische und bayessche Methoden entwickelt und auf Schätz- und Testprobleme angewandt, wobei Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede hervorgehoben werden und besonderes Augenmerk auf die Interpretation der Ergebnisse gerichtet ist.
Posted in Mathematics

Bayesian Networks

An Introduction

Author: Timo Koski,John Noble

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119964954

Category: Mathematics

Page: 366

View: 7524

Bayesian Networks: An Introduction provides a self-contained introduction to the theory and applications of Bayesian networks, a topic of interest and importance for statisticians, computer scientists and those involved in modelling complex data sets. The material has been extensively tested in classroom teaching and assumes a basic knowledge of probability, statistics and mathematics. All notions are carefully explained and feature exercises throughout. Features include: An introduction to Dirichlet Distribution, Exponential Families and their applications. A detailed description of learning algorithms and Conditional Gaussian Distributions using Junction Tree methods. A discussion of Pearl's intervention calculus, with an introduction to the notion of see and do conditioning. All concepts are clearly defined and illustrated with examples and exercises. Solutions are provided online. This book will prove a valuable resource for postgraduate students of statistics, computer engineering, mathematics, data mining, artificial intelligence, and biology. Researchers and users of comparable modelling or statistical techniques such as neural networks will also find this book of interest.
Posted in Mathematics