An Anthropology of Lying

Information in the Doctor-Patient Relationship

Author: Sylvie Fainzang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317182081

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 3147

In the era of health democracy, where a patient’s right to be informed is not only widely advocated but also guaranteed by law, what is the real situation regarding patient information? Do patients receive the information that they request with regard to their diagnosis, prognosis or treatments? And what information do patients themselves give to their doctors? Drawing on observational research in hospitals and covering the exchanges between doctors and patients on the subject of cancer treatment and that of other pathologies, this book reveals that the practice of telling lies is widespread amongst parties on both sides of the medical relationship. With attention to the manner in which information of various types is withheld and the truth concealed on either side of the doctor-patient relationship, the author explores the boundaries between what is said and what is left unsaid, and between those who are given information and those who are lied to. Considering the misunderstandings that occur in the course of medical exchanges and the differences between the lies told by doctors and patients, An Anthropology of Lying: Information in the Doctor-Patient Relationship analyses the role of mendacity in the exercise of, and resistance to power. A fascinating study of the mechanisms at work and social conditions surrounding the accomplishment of lying in medical settings, this book casts fresh light on a subject that has so far been overlooked. As such, it will appeal not only to sociologists and anthropologists of health and medicine, but also to medical professionals.
Posted in Social Science

Diagnostic Fluidity

Working with Uncertainty and Mutability

Author: Mette Bech Risør,Nina Nissen

Publisher: PUBLICACIONS UNIVERSITAT ROVIRA I VIRGILI

ISBN: 8484246655

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 731

Diagnostic procedures are emblematic of medical work. Scholars in the field of social studies of medicine identify diverse dimensions of diagnosis that point to controversies, processual qualities and contested evidence. In this anthology, diagnostic fluidity is seen to permeate diagnostic work in a wide range of contexts, from medical interactions in the clinic, domestic settings and other relations of affective work, to organizational structures, and in historical developments. The contributors demonstrate, each in their own way, how different agents ‘do diagnosis’, highlighting the multi-faceted elements of uncertainty and mutability integral to diagnostic work. At the same time, the contributors also show how in ‘doing diagnosis’ enactments of subjectivities, representations of cultural imaginaries, bodily processes, and socio-cultural changes contribute to configuring diagnostic fluidity in significant ways.
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Self-Medication and Society

Mirages of Autonomy

Author: Sylvie Fainzang

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315447150

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 5943

The question of recourse to self-medication arises at the intersection of two partly antagonistic discourses: that of the public authorities, who advocate the practice primarily for economic reasons, and that of health professionals, who condemn it for fear that it may pose a danger to health and dispossess the profession of expertise. This books examines the reality of self-medication in context and investigates the social treatment of the notion of autonomy ever present in the discourses promoting this practice. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in France, the author examines the material, cognitive, symbolic and social dimensions of the recourse to self-medication, considering the motivations and practices of the subjects and what these reveal about their relationship with the medical institution, while addressing the question of open access to medicines – a subject of heated debate between the actors concerned on themes such as competence, knowledge and responsibility. A rigorous analysis of the strategies adopted by individuals to manage the risks of medicines and increase their efficacy, Self-Medication and Society will appeal to sociologists and anthropologists with interests in health, illness, the body and medicine.
Posted in Social Science

Facing distress

distance and proximity in times of illness

Author: Els van Dongen,Ruth Kutalek

Publisher: Lit Verlag

ISBN: 9783825801717

Category: Medical

Page: 155

View: 9675

Posted in Medical

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 5373

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Contours of Privacy

Author: David Matheson

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 275

View: 2683

The contours of privacy its particular forms and our reasons for valuing it are numerous and varied. This book explores privacy's contours in a series of essays on such themes as the relationship between privacy and social accountability, privacy in and beyond anonymity, the psychology of privacy, and the privacy concerns of emerging information technologies. The book's international and multidisciplinary group of contributors provides rich insights about privacy that will be of great interest not only to the scholarly privacy community at large but also to professionals, academics, and laypersons who understand that the contours of privacy weave themselves throughout wide swaths of life in present-day society. The stylistically accessible yet scholarly rigorous nature of The Contours of Privacy, along with the diversity of perspectives it offers, set it apart as one of the most important additions to the privacy literature on the contemporary scene.
Posted in Psychology

Die verlorene Kunst des Heilens

Anleitung zum Umdenken

Author: Bernard Lown

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518455746

Category: Healing

Page: 399

View: 5187

Posted in Healing

A History of Intelligence and 'Intellectual Disability'

The Shaping of Psychology in Early Modern Europe

Author: C F Goodey

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409482359

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 4474

Starting with the hypothesis that not only human intelligence but also its antithesis 'intellectual disability' are nothing more than historical contingencies, C.F. Goodey's paradigm-shifting study traces the rich interplay between labelled human types and the radically changing characteristics attributed to them. From the twelfth-century beginnings of European social administration to the onset of formal human science disciplines in the modern era, A History of Intelligence and 'Intellectual Disability' reconstructs the socio-political and religious contexts of intellectual ability and disability, and demonstrates how these concepts became part of psychology, medicine and biology. Goodey examines a wide array of classical, late medieval and Renaissance texts, from popular guides on conduct and behavior to medical treatises and from religious and philosophical works to poetry and drama. Focusing especially on the period between the Protestant Reformation and 1700, Goodey challenges the accepted wisdom that would have us believe that 'intelligence' and 'disability' describe natural, trans-historical realities. Instead, Goodey argues for a model that views intellectual disability and indeed the intellectually disabled person as recent cultural creations. His book is destined to become a standard resource for scholars interested in the history of psychology and medicine, the social origins of human self-representation, and current ethical debates about the genetics of intelligence.
Posted in Medical

Dumm wie Brot

Wie Weizen schleichend Ihr Gehirn zerstört

Author: Dr. David Perlmutter,Kristin Loberg

Publisher: Mosaik Verlag

ISBN: 3641125294

Category: Cooking

Page: 352

View: 7820

Achtung Weizen - gefährliches Hirnfutter! Weizen, das „Killerkorn“: Der Neurologe Dr. David Perlmutter belegt mit neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen, dass Weizen unsere Gesundheit, speziell unsere Denkleistung und unser Gedächtnis, massiv angreift. Das genetisch veränderte Getreide des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts zerstört schleichend unser Gehirn. Eine Folge können chronische Kopfschmerzen, massive Schlafstörungen, Demenz oder sogar Alzheimer sein. Dr. Perlmutter zeigt dem Leser Alternativen mit kohlenhydratarmer und fettreicher Ernährung auf. Für ein gesundes Leben mit einem leistungsstarken Denkorgan bis ins hohe Alter hinein.
Posted in Cooking

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 886

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
Posted in Sociology

Integrated Interdisciplinary Learning Between the Health and Social Care Professions

A Feasibility Study

Author: Rosemary Tope

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 593

View: 6451

Traditionally, the various professions concerned with health and social care have undertaken their training and subsequent studies without interprofessional collaboration. Increasingly these professions are considering an interdisciolinary approach as the most effective way to deliver quality client care. However how do they proceed with implementing such radical changes? this book, based on empirical research provides answers to many of the questions. The opinions of 1683 teachers and students from thirteen professions are presented overall and also in individual professional profiles. The curriculum for each of the partipating professions has been analysed and core subjects suitable for interdisciplinary learning identified, together with how and when integrarion should take place. This book should be valuable reading for all those involved or interested in the training of doctors, nurses, dentists, dental surgery assistants, dental hygienists, dental technologists, operating department practitioners, nutritionists and dietitians, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, podiatrists, radiographers, speech therapists and social workers.
Posted in Medical

Drug Dealer, MD

How Doctors Were Duped, Patients Got Hooked, and Why It’s So Hard to Stop

Author: Anna Lembke

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421421402

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 6904

Three out of four people addicted to heroin probably started on a prescription opioid, according to the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In the United States alone, 16,000 people die each year as a result of prescription opioid overdose. But perhaps the most frightening aspect of the prescription drug epidemic is that it’s built on well-meaning doctors treating patients with real problems. In Drug Dealer, MD, Dr. Anna Lembke uncovers the unseen forces driving opioid addiction nationwide. Combining case studies from her own practice with vital statistics drawn from public policy, cultural anthropology, and neuroscience, she explores the complex relationship between doctors and patients, the science of addiction, and the barriers to successfully addressing drug dependence and addiction. Even when addiction is recognized by doctors and their patients, she argues, many doctors don’t know how to treat it, connections to treatment are lacking, and insurance companies won’t pay for rehab. Full of extensive interviews—with health care providers, pharmacists, social workers, hospital administrators, insurance company executives, journalists, economists, advocates, and patients and their families— Drug Dealer, MD, is for anyone whose life has been touched in some way by addiction to prescription drugs. Dr. Lembke gives voice to the millions of Americans struggling with prescription drugs while singling out the real culprits behind the rise in opioid addiction: cultural narratives that promote pills as quick fixes, pharmaceutical corporations in cahoots with organized medicine, and a new medical bureaucracy focused on the bottom line that favors pills, procedures, and patient satisfaction over wellness. Dr. Lembke concludes that the prescription drug epidemic is a symptom of a faltering health care system, the solution for which lies in rethinking how health care is delivered.
Posted in Medical

SIECUS Report

Author: Sex Information and Education Council of the U.S.

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sex

Page: N.A

View: 3571

Posted in Sex

Sociological Abstracts

Supplement

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 5374

Posted in Sociology

Social Science Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: N.A

View: 8513

Posted in Social sciences

Krankheit als Metapher

Aids und seine Metaphern. [Essays]. Susan Sontag

Author: Susan Sontag (Schriftstellerin)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783446204256

Category:

Page: 148

View: 5757

Posted in