American Government

Political Development and Institutional Change

Author: Cal Jillson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315388286

Category: Political Science

Page: 668

View: 6565

How politics in America works today, how it got that way, and how it’s likely to change through reform—these are the themes that pervade every chapter of Cal Jillson’s highly lauded American Government: Political Development and Institutional Change. America’s past is present in all aspects of the contemporary political system. Jillson uses political development and the dynamics of change as a thematic tool to help students understand how politics works now—and how institutions, participation, and policies have evolved over time to produce this political environment. In addition, Jillson helps students think critically about how American democracy might evolve further, focusing in every chapter on reform and further change. New to the Ninth Edition Highlights the 2016 Presidential and Congressional campaigns and elections. Projects the likely legacy of Barack Obama’s presidency. Includes important Supreme Court events and decisions including the death of Justice Antonin Scalia and the affirmation of gay marriage. Covers the continuing challenges of and to the Affordable Care Act. Presents new material on race, ethnicity, gender, and political participation. Explores growing income inequality and its implications. Pays increased attention to social media and new media in politics. Updates all data in tables and figures through the 2016 elections. Offers the most compact yet comprehensive text package available. Features of This Innovative Text Key Focus Questions at the beginning of every chapter prepare students for the major points to be covered. "The Constitution Today" chapter-opening vignettes illustrate the importance of conflicting views on constitutional principles. Key terms are defined in the margins on the page where they appear, helping students understand important concepts in context. Colorful figures and tables enable students to visualize important information. "Struggling towards Democracy" features provoke critical thinking through examining the "then and now" of democracy in America. "Let’s Compare" boxes analyze how functions of government and political participation work in other countries—now framed by new critical thinking questions. "Pro & Con" boxes bring to life a central debate in each chapter and highlight competing perspectives; new discussion questions in each box prompt students to consider the different arguments and weigh in. End-of-chapter summaries, suggested readings, and web resources help students master the material and guide them to further critical investigation of important concepts and topics.
Posted in Political Science

American Government

Political Change and Institutional Development

Author: Cal Jillson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415960770

Category: Political Science

Page: 521

View: 2753

In this introductory American politics text, Cal Jillson provides not only a sense of how politics works today but also how institutions, systems, political participation, and policies have developed over time to produce today's political environment in the United States. This historical context provides the necessary backdrop for students to understand why things work the way they do now. Going one step further, the book identifies critical reforms and how American democracy might work better. In a streamlined presentation, Jillson delivers a concise and engaging narrative to help students understand the complexities and importance of American politics. Key features: The 4th edition is thoroughly updated, including full analysis of the 2006 mid-term elections and shift in partisan control of Congress. Chapter-opening Focus Questions; illustrative figures and charts; "Let's Compare" and "Pro & Con" boxes; key terms; time lines; and end-of-chapter suggested readings and web resources. Companion website for students (http://americangovernment.routledge.com) features chapter summaries, focus questions, practice quizzes, glossary flashcards, participation activities, and links. Instructor's resources on the web and on CD-ROM, including Testbank, Instructor's Manual, figures and tables from the text, and lecture outlines.
Posted in Political Science

Perspectives on American Government

Readings in Political Development and Institutional Change

Author: Cal Jillson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138474024

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9844

Politics USA is a lively and authoritative introduction to American politics, giving students a rich and varied resource for all aspects of their course. The book provides expert and comprehensive analysis of US politics and government, including in-depth coverage of the presidency, the Congress, the Supreme Court and American foreign policy. This third edition of Politics USA has been thoroughly updated to include analysis of Challenges and policies of the first Obama administration Recent results and developments in US elections Latest major decisions of the US Supreme Court Contemporary American Foreign Policy This is an ideal introduction for students of US politics as well as anyone seeking to understand any or all aspects of politics in one of the world�s most powerful and globally influential countries.
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Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance

Author: Douglass C. North

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642960

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9435

Continuing his groundbreaking analysis of economic structures, Douglass North develops an analytical framework for explaining the ways in which institutions and institutional change affect the performance of economies, both at a given time and over time. Institutions exist, he argues, due to the uncertainties involved in human interaction; they are the constraints devised to structure that interaction. Yet, institutions vary widely in their consequences for economic performance; some economies develop institutions that produce growth and development, while others develop institutions that produce stagnation. North first explores the nature of institutions and explains the role of transaction and production costs in their development. The second part of the book deals with institutional change. Institutions create the incentive structure in an economy, and organisations will be created to take advantage of the opportunities provided within a given institutional framework. North argues that the kinds of skills and knowledge fostered by the structure of an economy will shape the direction of change and gradually alter the institutional framework. He then explains how institutional development may lead to a path-dependent pattern of development. In the final part of the book, North explains the implications of this analysis for economic theory and economic history. He indicates how institutional analysis must be incorporated into neo-classical theory and explores the potential for the construction of a dynamic theory of long-term economic change. Douglass C. North is Director of the Center of Political Economy and Professor of Economics and History at Washington University in St. Louis. He is a past president of the Economic History Association and Western Economics Association and a Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has written over sixty articles for a variety of journals and is the author of The Rise of the Western World: A New Economic History (CUP, 1973, with R.P. Thomas) and Structure and Change in Economic History (Norton, 1981). Professor North is included in Great Economists Since Keynes edited by M. Blaug (CUP, 1988 paperback ed.)
Posted in Political Science

Perspectives on American Politics

Author: William Lasser

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 049589947X

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 1107

PERSPECTIVES ON AMERICAN POLITICS is a thematically rich reader of current selections containing a wide range of perspectives that illustrate how the American system works. It is organized into four categories: Foundations, American Politics Today, Issue and Controversy, and View from the Inside. Selections reflect dramatic recent developments in American politics such as the 2008 election, the economic crisis, and the ongoing controversy over corporate influence in political campaigns. The text’s thirteen chapters correspond with the most frequently assigned chapters of American Government textbooks, making it an ideal supplement to any core text. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Political Science

Debating Reform

Conflicting Perspectives on How to Fix the American Political System

Author: Richard J. Ellis,Michael Nelson

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1506333664

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 6537

Debating Reform: Conflicting Perspectives on How to Fix the American Political System, Third Edition edited by Richard J. Ellis and Michael Nelson, gets readers to consider the key issues in reforming political institutions. Written specifically for this volume, each pro or con essay is contributed by a top scholar and examines a concrete proposal for reforming the political system. By focusing on institutions, rather than liberal or conservative public policies, the essays move readers to leave behind ideology and grapple with evidence, and then draw their own conclusions and build their own arguments.
Posted in Political Science

Building the Virtual State

Information Technology and Institutional Change

Author: Jane E. Fountain

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815798903

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1206

The benefits of using technology to remake government seem almost infinite. The promise of such programs as user-friendly "virtual agencies" and portals where citizens can access all sections of government from a single website has excited international attention. The potential of a digital state cannot be realized, however, unless the rigid structures of the contemporary bureaucratic state change along with the times. Building the Virtual State explains how the American public sector must evolve and adapt to exploit the possibilities of digital governance fully and fairly. The book finds that many issues involved in integrating technology and government have not been adequately debated or even recognized. Drawing from a rich collection of case studies, the book argues that the real challenges lie not in achieving the technical capability of creating a government on the web, but rather in overcoming the entrenched organizational and political divisions within the state. Questions such as who pays for new government websites, which agencies will maintain the sites, and who will ensure that the privacy of citizens is respected reveal the extraordinary obstacles that confront efforts to create a virtual state. These political and structural battles will influence not only how the American state will be remade in the Information Age, but also who will be the winners and losers in a digital society.
Posted in Political Science

Texas Politics

Governing the Lone Star State

Author: Cal Jillson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351863185

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 1976

Cal Jillson continues to approach the politics of the Lone Star State from historical, developmental, and analytical perspectives, while giving students the most even-handed, readable, and engaging description of Texas politics available today. Throughout the book students are encouraged to connect the origins and development of government and politics in Texas--from the Texas Constitution, to party competition, to the role and powers of the Governor--to its current day practice and the alternatives possible through change and reform. This text helps instructors prepare their students to master the origin and development of the Texas Constitution, the structure and powers of state and local government in Texas, how Texas fits into the U.S. federal system, as well as political participation, the electoral process, and public policy in Texas. Pedagogical Features Each chapter opens with an engaging vignette and a series of focus questions to orient readers to the learning objectives at hand. Each chapter concludes with a chapter summary, a list of key terms, review questions, suggested readings, and web resources. Each chapter includes "Let's Compare" boxes to help students see how Texas sits alongside other states, "Pro & Con" boxes to bring conflicting political views into sharper focus, and "Texas Legend" boxes featuring important figures in Texas political history. Tables, figures, timelines, and photos throughout highlight the major ideas, issues, individuals, and institutions discussed. Key terms are bolded and defined in the text, listed at the end of the chapter, and included in a glossary at the end of the book New to the 6th Edition Comprehensive assessment of the impact of Rick Perry’s unprecedented 14-year tenure as Governor of Texas Thorough consideration of the election of Sylvester Turner as Mayor of Houston and the national response to the police shootings in Dallas Coverage and analysis of the 2014 gubernatorial and state elections, the 2015 state legislative session, and the 2016 national elections as they affect Texas New boxes and narrative on current issues and laws, including: state-constitutional conventions, secession, and federalism voter identification abortion state budget, taxation and spending, and the 2016 Texas Supreme Court school funding decision the University of Texas battle between Wallace Hall, Jr. and William Powers, and its implications for gubernatorial power over directing and changing state institutions
Posted in Political Science

Political Order in Changing Societies

Author: Samuel P. Huntington

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300116205

Category: Political Science

Page: 488

View: 2181

This now classic examination of the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is an enduring contribution to modern political analysis. The foreword by Fukuyama assesses Huntingdon's achievement.
Posted in Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development

Author: Richard M. Valelly,Suzanne Mettler,Robert C. Lieberman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191086983

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 5317

Scholars working in or sympathetic to American political development (APD) share a commitment to accurately understanding the history of American politics - and thus they question stylized facts about America's political evolution. Like other approaches to American politics, APD prizes analytical rigor, data collection, the development and testing of theory, and the generation of provocative hypotheses. Much APD scholarship indeed overlaps with the American politics subfield and its many well developed literatures on specific institutions or processes (for example Congress, judicial politics, or party competition), specific policy domains (welfare policy, immigration), the foundations of (in)equality in American politics (the distribution of wealth and income, race, ethnicity, gender, class, and sexual and gender orientation), public law, and governance and representation. What distinguishes APD is careful, systematic thought about the ways that political processes, civic ideals, the political construction of social divisions, patterns of identity formation, the making and implementation of public policies, contestation over (and via) the Constitution, and other formal and informal institutions and processes evolve over time - and whether (and how) they alter, compromise, or sustain the American liberal democratic regime. APD scholars identify, in short, the histories that constitute American politics. They ask: what familiar or unfamiliar elements of the American past illuminate the present? Are contemporary phenomena that appear new or surprising prefigured in ways that an APD approach can bring to the fore? If a contemporary phenomenon is unprecedented then how might an accurate understanding of the evolution of American politics unlock its significance? Featuring contributions from leading academics in the field, The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development provides an authoritative and accessible analysis of the study of American political development.
Posted in Political Science

Great Transformations

Economic Ideas and Institutional Change in the Twentieth Century

Author: Mark Blyth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521010528

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 4896

An analysis of political power of economic ideas used by domestic groups to effect change.
Posted in Political Science

Disjointed Pluralism

Institutional Innovation and the Development of the U.S. Congress

Author: Eric Schickler

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400824250

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 9591

From the 1910 overthrow of "Czar" Joseph Cannon to the reforms enacted when Republicans took over the House in 1995, institutional change within the U.S. Congress has been both a product and a shaper of congressional politics. For several decades, scholars have explained this process in terms of a particular collective interest shared by members, be it partisanship, reelection worries, or policy motivations. Eric Schickler makes the case that it is actually interplay among multiple interests that determines institutional change. In the process, he explains how congressional institutions have proved remarkably adaptable and yet consistently frustrating for members and outside observers alike. Analyzing leadership, committee, and procedural restructuring in four periods (1890-1910, 1919-1932, 1937-1952, and 1970-1989), Schickler argues that coalitions promoting a wide range of member interests drive change in both the House and Senate. He shows that multiple interests determine institutional innovation within a period; that different interests are important in different periods; and, more broadly, that changes in the salient collective interests across time do not follow a simple logical or developmental sequence. Institutional development appears disjointed, as new arrangements are layered on preexisting structures intended to serve competing interests. An epilogue assesses the rise and fall of Newt Gingrich in light of these findings. Schickler's model of "disjointed pluralism" integrates rational choice theory with historical institutionalist approaches. It both complicates and advances efforts at theoretical synthesis by proposing a fuller, more nuanced understanding of institutional innovation--and thus of American political development and history.
Posted in Political Science

The Global Governance of Genetic Resources

Institutional Change and Structural Constraints

Author: Florian Rabitz

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351984705

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 5937

Multi-institutional governance architectures are increasingly common in world politics, yet how do they evolve over time? This book develops a fresh conceptual approach by distinguishing two main types of institutional change and by proposing the strategic context within which governments make decisions regarding international cooperation as the main driving factor. Applying this theoretical framework to the case of genetic resources, it shows how the scope for change has persistently been circumscribed by asymmetries in the global biotechnology sector. Taking a broad view of the underlying technological, legal and economic factors, the book analyzes the formation of international regimes linking access to genetic resources to the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their utilization. Covering negotiations in the areas of seeds, intellectual property rights, pandemic influenza viruses and marine genetic resources, the author shows how governments have persistently faced the problem of ensuring cooperation among actors with widely differing interests. This led them to opt for a strategy of institutional layering, whereby new international instruments are gradually built upon pre-existing ones. In addition to giving a comprehensive overview of the international governance of Access and Benefit-sharing within the wider context of modern biotechnology, the argument developed here enables a new perspective for studying institutional change in multi-institutional governance architectures.
Posted in Political Science

American Government

Political Development and Institutional Change

Author: Calvin C. Jillson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781138783003

Category: United States

Page: 635

View: 6258

Posted in United States

The Federal Civil Service System and the Problem of Bureaucracy

The Economics and Politics of Institutional Change

Author: Ronald N. Johnson,Gary D. Libecap

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226401775

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2992

The call to "reinvent government"—to reform the government bureaucracy of the United States—resonates as loudly from elected officials as from the public. Examining the political and economic forces that have shaped the American civil service system from its beginnings in 1883 through today, the authors of this volume explain why, despite attempts at an overhaul, significant change in the bureaucracy remains a formidable challenge.
Posted in Political Science

Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal

Author: Terence Ball,Richard Dagger,Daniel I. O’Neill

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317232356

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 5343

Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal analyzes and compares political ideologies to help readers understand individual ideologies, and the concept of ideology, from a political science perspective. This best-selling title promotes open-mindedness and develops critical thinking skills. It covers a wide variety of political ideologies from the traditional liberalism and conservatism to recent developments in identity politics, green politics, and radical Islamism. NEW TO THIS EDITION An expanded account of the right to vote and the U.S. Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision. A new section on "fusionist" conservatism that attempts to ally different kinds of conservatives. A discussion of Putin’s post-Soviet expansion of Russia’s territory and influence, the apparent rebirth of "Mao Zedong thought" in China, and the ideology of Juche in North Korea. Coverage of "democratic socialism" in the context of Bernie Sanders’ presidential campaign. Updates on fascism past and present. A more in-depth account of the origins of black liberation and a discussion of the new "Black Lives Matter" movement. New directions in feminist theory and the impact of the Supreme Court’s decision on same-sex marriage. An account of Pope Francis’s 2015 encyclical on the environment and humans’ duty to protect it. An expanded discussion of radical Islamism, especially with regard to the varieties of Islamism, the rise of the Islamic State (ISIS), and the effects of recent terrorist attacks on national and international politics. Discussion questions added to the end of each chapter. Additional graphs and photos throughout. An updated, author-written Instructor’s Manual and Test Bank.
Posted in Political Science

The Politics of Secularism

Religion, Diversity, and Institutional Change in France and Turkey

Author: Murat Akan

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231543808

Category: Political Science

Page: 357

View: 7927

Discussions of modernity—or alternative and multiple modernities—often hinge on the question of secularism, especially how it travels outside its original European context. Too often, attempts to answer this question either imagine a universal model derived from the history of Western Europe, which neglects the experience of much of the world, or emphasize a local, non-European context that limits the potential for comparison. In The Politics of Secularism, Murat Akan reframes the question of secularism, exploring its presence both outside and inside Europe and offering a rich empirical account of how it moves across borders and through time. Akan uses France and Turkey to analyze political actors' comparative discussions of secularism, struggles for power, and historical contextual constraints at potential moments of institutional change. France and Turkey are critical sites of secularism: France exemplifies European political modernity, and Turkey has long been the model of secularism in a Muslim-majority country. Akan analyzes prominent debates in both countries on topics such as the visibility of the headscarf and other religious symbols, religion courses in the public school curriculum, and state salaries for clerics and imams. Akan lays out the institutional struggles between three distinct political currents—anti-clericalism, liberalism, and what he terms state-civil religionism—detailing the nuances of how political movements articulate the boundary between the secular and the religious. Disputing the prevalent idea that diversity is a new challenge to secularism and focusing on comparison itself as part of the politics of secularism, this book makes a major contribution to understanding secular politics and its limits.
Posted in Political Science

American Government

Constitutional Democracy Under Pressure

Author: Cal Jillson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351239201

Category: Political Science

Page: 370

View: 6920

American Government: Constitutional Democracy Under Pressure highlights the necessary tension between our constitutional principles and institutions and the populist heat that sometimes roils our national politics, especially at the current political moment. Our constitutional democracy has been under pressure for some time, but few would deny that fears for its fate have deepened in just the past few years. We assume that our political institutions will limit and contain contemporary populism, just as the Founders intended and as they have in the past, but will they? An increasingly polarized electorate, urging their representatives to fight and never to compromise, may be stressing Constitutional limits. This new, compact core text offers to help American government teachers lead their students to a nuanced theoretical and practical understanding of what is happening in the politics of their Constitutional democracy today. A new, brief edition of Jillson's American Government text that is compact yet comprehensive. The "Constitutional Democracy Under Pressure" theme is timely and provocative. Puts contemporary trends toward polarization and populism in context.
Posted in Political Science

Brazil in Transition

Beliefs, Leadership, and Institutional Change

Author: Lee J. Alston,Marcus André Melo,Bernardo Mueller,Carlos Pereira

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400880947

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 3609

Brazil is the world's sixth-largest economy, and for the first three-quarters of the twentieth century was one of the fastest-growing countries in the world. While the country underwent two decades of unrelenting decline from 1975 to 1994, the economy has rebounded dramatically. How did this nation become an emerging power? Brazil in Transition looks at the factors behind why this particular country has successfully progressed up the economic development ladder. The authors examine the roles of beliefs, leadership, and institutions in the elusive, critical transition to sustainable development. Analyzing the last fifty years of Brazil's history, the authors explain how the nation's beliefs, centered on social inclusion yet bound by orthodox economic policies, led to institutions that altered economic, political, and social outcomes. Brazil's growth and inflation became less variable, the rule of law strengthened, politics became more open and competitive, and poverty and inequality declined. While these changes have led to a remarkable economic transformation, there have also been economic distortions and inefficiencies that the authors argue are part of the development process. Brazil in Transition demonstrates how a dynamic nation seized windows of opportunity to become a more equal, prosperous, and rules-based society.
Posted in Business & Economics

Why Nations Fail

The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty

Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson

Publisher: Crown Books

ISBN: 0307719227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 529

View: 8948

An award-winning professor of economics at MIT and a Harvard University political scientist and economist evaluate the reasons that some nations are poor while others succeed, outlining provocative perspectives that support theories about the importance of institutions. Reprint.
Posted in Business & Economics