Aging: Culture, Health, and Social Change

Author: David N. Weisstub,David C. Thomasma,S. Gauthier,G.F. Tomossy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402001802

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 1933

This is the first of three volumes on Aging conceived for the International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine. Leading scholars from a range of disciplines contest some of the predominant paradigms on aging, and critically assess modern trends in social health policy.
Posted in Medical

Aging: Culture, Health, and Social Change

Author: David N. Weisstub,David C. Thomasma,S. Gauthier,G.F. Tomossy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401706778

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 6166

This is the first of three volumes on Aging conceived for the International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine. Leading scholars from a range of disciplines contest some of the predominant paradigms on aging, and critically assess modern trends in social health policy.
Posted in Medical

Longevity and Social Change in Australia

Author: Allan Borowski,Sol Encel,Elizabeth Ozanne

Publisher: UNSW Press

ISBN: 9780868408897

Category: History

Page: 397

View: 9444

Covers a wide range of issues, including health, retirement incomes, aged care, family relations, employment, housing, and town planning; special attention is given to the particular structural disadvantages affecting women, Aboriginal Australians, and ethnic minorities.
Posted in History

Theorising Social Exclusion

Author: Ann Taket,Professor of Primary Health Care Ann Taket,Beth R. Crisp,Annemarie Nevill,Greer Lamaro,Melissa Graham,Sarah Barter-Godfrey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135285209

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 7840

Social exclusion attempts to make sense out of multiple deprivations and inequities experienced by people and areas, and the reinforcing effects of reduced participation, consumption, mobility, access, integration, influence and recognition. This book works from a multidisciplinary approach across health, welfare, and education, linking practice and research in order to improve our understanding of the processes that foster exclusion and how to prevent it. Theorising Social Exclusion first reviews and reflects upon existing thinking, literature and research into social exclusion and social connectedness, outlining an integrated theory of social exclusion across dimensions of social action and along pathways of social processes. A series of commissioned chapters then develop and illustrate the theory by addressing the machinery of social exclusion and connectedness, the pathways towards exclusion and, finally, experiences of exclusion and connection. This innovative book takes a truly multidisciplinary approach and focuses on the often-neglected cultural and social aspects of exclusion. It will be of interest to academics in fields of public health, health promotion, social work, community development, disability studies, occupational therapy, policy, sociology, politics, and environment.
Posted in Medical

One Hundred Years of Kibbutz Life

A Century of Crises and Reinvention

Author: Michal Palgi,Shulamit Reinharz

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412845564

Category: Social Science

Page: 361

View: 7266

The years 1909-2009 mark a century of kibbutz life—one hundred years of achievements, failures, and challenges. It is undeniable that the impact of kibbutzim on Israeli society has been substantial. During its one hundred years of existence, the kibbutz as a concept and as a reality underwent many changes, as did Israel as a whole both before its establishment in 1948 and since then. One Hundred Years of Kibbutz Life describes a host of changes that have occurred and describes their meaning. The kibbutz population has increased in terms of demography and capital, a point that frequently is overlooked in the debate about the institution’s viability. The kibbutz has become a very attractive place for young people who want community life. Like the founders who tried to establish a particular society grounded in certain principles, so too, newcomers to the kibbutz want to establish a new idealistic society with specific social and economic arrangements. The combined voices of the contributors to this volume discuss the ideals, hopes, frustrations, disappointments, and reconstruction efforts that brought a few solutions to the fading kibbutz ideals. These solutions are not always popular among kibbutz members, but they demonstrate growth and development of the kibbutz. Through the inclusion of a variety of studies, this book clarifies the role of this dynamic institution.
Posted in Social Science

Aging: Caring for Our Elders

Author: David N. Weisstub,David C. Thomasma,S. Gauthier,G.F. Tomossy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401706751

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 8152

Positive conceptions of ‘healthy aging’ are rightly displacing negative ageist perceptions of older members of our society. Nevertheless, at some stage, most elderly citizens will require some form of assistance from other members of society. When the body or mind begins to fail, a legitimate need for intervention and care will arise. This second volume on Aging discusses this theme.
Posted in Medical

Determinants of Health: Theory, Understanding, Portrayal, Policy

Author: Matthew J. Commers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401599602

Category: Psychology

Page: 211

View: 4390

For decades, health professionals have asserted the importance of public participation in interventions for health. Medicine has pursued patient participation in clinical decision-making. In the public health realm, target groups have been asked to assist in the design and implementation of initiatives for health. In practice, however, patients and populations expect health professionals to give advice and - in some cases - to make decisions on their behalf. This implies limits to the ideal of participation. In this innovative work, the author contrasts public and professional understandings of health and the best ways to achieve health. The result is a model of lay participation in the structuring of medical and public health activity. The book is unique due to its policy-applicable, quantitative studies and its theoretical analysis of works by René Dubos and Aaron Antonovsky. It will be of value to professionals in health promotion, health education, medical anthropology, and social epidemiology.
Posted in Psychology

Is Death Ever Preferable to Life?

Author: Ian Olver

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401719764

Category: Philosophy

Page: 168

View: 4873

This is an original contribution to the much debated area of the value that we should place on human life. With the euthanasia issue highlighted in the public arena this book argues for a non-absolutist highest value on life ethic and how that fits with society's current emphasis on individual autonomy. By the use of everyday examples the impact of placing a high value on life is explored. It will be useful for students of ethics, nursing and medicine and those engaged in the public debate on euthanasia.
Posted in Philosophy

Clinical Diagnosis and Management of Alzheimer's Disease, Third Edition

Author: Serge Gauthier

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203931714

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 9831

The third edition of this successful textbook has been completely updated throughout and includes new chapters on electrophysiological tests, biological markers, global staging measures, and management of neuropsychiatric symptoms. There has been steady progress in our understanding of the natural history, prognostic factors and treatments for Alzheimer’s disease since the previous edition of this textbook was published in 1999. The chapters deal with the full spectrum of populations at risk, persons in prodromal stages, and patients from mild to severe and even terminal stages. The contributors are opinion leaders from North America and Europe, which gives the book an internationally balanced outlook. This new edition will be essential reading for a wide range of clinical neuroscientists who manage patients with this challenging disease.
Posted in Medical

Aged by Culture

Author: Margaret Morganroth Gullette

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226310626

Category: Psychology

Page: 267

View: 7235

Americans enjoy longer lives and better health, yet we are becoming increasingly obsessed with trying to stay young. What drives the fear of turning 30, the boom in anti-aging products, the wars between generations? What men and women of all ages have in common is that we are being insidiously aged by the culture in which we live. In this illuminating book, Margaret Morganroth Gullette reveals that aging doesn't start in our chromosomes, but in midlife downsizing, the erosion of workplace seniority, threats to Social Security, or media portrayals of "aging Xers" and "greedy" Baby Boomers. To combat the forces aging us prematurely, Gullette invites us to change our attitudes, our life storytelling, and our society. Part intimate autobiography, part startling cultural expose, this book does for age what gender and race studies have done for their categories. Aged by Culture is an impassioned manifesto against the pernicious ideologies that steal hope from every stage of our lives.
Posted in Psychology

Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences

Author: Linda George,Kenneth Ferraro

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124172857

Category: Psychology

Page: 552

View: 4453

Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, Eighth Edition, presents the extraordinary growth of research on aging individuals, populations, and the dynamic culmination of the life course, providing a comprehensive synthesis and review of the latest research findings in the social sciences of aging. As the complexities of population dynamics, cohort succession, and policy changes modify the world and its inhabitants in ways that must be vigilantly monitored so that aging research remains relevant and accurate, this completely revised edition not only includes the foundational, classic themes of aging research, but also a rich array of emerging topics and perspectives that advance the field in exciting ways. New topics include families, immigration, social factors, and cognition, caregiving, neighborhoods, and built environments, natural disasters, religion and health, and sexual behavior, amongst others. Covers the key areas in sociological gerontology research in one volume, with an 80% update of the material Headed up by returning editor Linda K. George, and new editor Kenneth Ferraro, highly respected voices and researchers within the sociology of aging discipline Assists basic researchers in keeping abreast of research and clinical findings Includes theory and methods, aging and social structure, social factors and social institutions, and aging and society Serves as a useful resource—an inspiration to those searching for ways to contribute to the aging enterprise, and a tribute to the rich bodies of scholarship that comprise aging research in the social sciences
Posted in Psychology

The Role of Human Factors in Home Health Care:

Workshop Summary

Author: Board on Human-Systems Integration,Committee on the Role of Human Factors in Home Healthcare,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309156297

Category: Medical

Page: 322

View: 6148

The rapid growth of home health care has raised many unsolved issues and will have consequences that are far too broad for any one group to analyze in their entirety. Yet a major influence on the safety, quality, and effectiveness of home health care will be the set of issues encompassed by the field of human factors research--the discipline of applying what is known about human capabilities and limitations to the design of products, processes, systems, and work environments. To address these challenges, the National Research Council began a multidisciplinary study to examine a diverse range of behavioral and human factors issues resulting from the increasing migration of medical devices, technologies, and care practices into the home. Its goal is to lay the groundwork for a thorough integration of human factors research with the design and implementation of home health care devices, technologies, and practices. On October 1 and 2, 2009, a group of human factors and other experts met to consider a diverse range of behavioral and human factors issues associated with the increasing migration of medical devices, technologies, and care practices into the home. This book is a summary of that workshop, representing the culmination of the first phase of the study.
Posted in Medical

Diverse Perspectives on Aging in a Changing World

Author: Gillian Joseph

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131727086X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 246

View: 9710

Focusing on under-researched aspects of social, economic and political change, this volume offers fresh insights into aging, older people and their families. It combines an international and interdisciplinary approach. Chapters explore the contexts in which family roles, institutional practices, public policies and social and cultural discourses evolve, connecting analyses of aging issues and policy development with sound research practices, as well as previously-ignored gaps in professional practice. Topics covered include politics and policy, health and social care, culture and migration, urban and rural sociology, gender studies, technology and economics. The book will be of particular interest to students and researchers in gerontology, community development, geography and population studies, along with researchers and professionals in physiotherapy, nursing and social work.
Posted in Health & Fitness

Aging and Development

Social and Emotional Perspectives

Author: Ann O'Hanlon,Peter Coleman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134655274

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 5150

With increasing numbers of the population living into old age, we need a better understanding of the nature and experience of ageing in all its aspects. Up to now, very few texts have considered this in any depth, but 'Ageing and Development', a new volume in the Texts in Developmental Psychology series, provides a detailed and comprehensive overview of the theories and research in adult development into old age. The classic early accounts of theorists such as Jung and Erikson are considered, as well as their present day successors. Particular attention is given to theories of adjustment to loss, and to the threat of loss, which dominate current gerontological research. A notable feature of the book is the separate section devoted to the psychology of advanced old age, to life in states of physical and/or mental frailty, and to the survival of the self in these circumstances. There is a strong emphasis throughout on up-to-date empirical research and illustrative case examples. The reader is constantly encouraged to take a critical perspective, to understand the strengths and limitations of different studies, and to think about the issues raised in terms of their own lives.
Posted in Psychology

Transitions and Transformations

Cultural Perspectives on Aging and the Life Course

Author: Caitrin Lynch,Jason Danely

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857457799

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 2563

Rapid population aging, once associated with only a select group of modern industrialized nations, has now become a topic of increasing global concern. This volume reframes aging on a global scale by illustrating the multiple ways it is embedded within individual, social, and cultural life courses. It presents a broad range of ethnographic work, introducing a variety of conceptual and methodological approaches to studying life-course transitions in conjunction with broader sociocultural transformations. Through detailed accounts, in such diverse settings as nursing homes in Sri Lanka, a factory in Massachusetts, cemeteries in Japan and clinics in Mexico, the authors explore not simply our understandings of growing older, but the interweaving of individual maturity and intergenerational relationships, social and economic institutions, and intimate experiences of gender, identity, and the body.
Posted in Social Science

Learning to Be Old

Gender, Culture, and Aging

Author: Margaret Cruikshank

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442213663

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 6470

Margaret Cruikshank’s Learning to Be Old examines what it means to grow old in America today. The book questions social myths and fears about aging, sickness, and the other social roles of the elderly, the over-medicalization of many older people, and ageism. In this book, Cruikshank proposes alternatives to the ways aging is usually understood in both popular culture and mainstream gerontology. Learning to Be Old does not propose the ideas of “successful aging” or “productive aging,” but more the idea of “learning” how to age. Featuring new research and analysis, the third edition of Learning to be Old demonstrates, more thoroughly than the previous editions, that aging is socially constructed. Among texts on aging the book is unique in its clear focus on the differences in aging for women and men, as well as for people in different socioeconomic groups. Cruikshank is able to put aging in a broad context that not only focuses on how aging affects women but men, as well. Key updates in the third edition include changes in the health care system, changes in how long older Americans are working especially given the impact of the recession, and new material on the brain and mind-body interconnections. Cruikshank impressively challenges conventional ideas about aging in this third edition of Learning to be Old. This will be a must-read for everyone interested in new ideas surrounding aging in America today.
Posted in Social Science

Social Structures

Demographic Changes and the Well-Being of Older Persons

Author: K. Warner Schaie, PhD,Peter Uhlenberg, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826101099

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 2081

Significant demographic changes are altering the structure of the American population. Larger numbers of immigrants are entering the work force, will become part of our aging population, and increasingly, are providing care for the elderly. Family structures and communities are evolving as marriage, childbearing, divorce, and cohabitation trends are changing. The working population that supports the elderly, physically and economically, is also changing and will most likely become smaller and less able to support this growing population. What does this mean for the well-being of our aging population and our efforts to ensure the quality of life for our elderly now and that we will want to enjoy ourselves as we become part of this older population? In this volume Drs. Schaie and Uhlenberg and a host of leading scholars look at the current structure of the American population in an effort to determine the impact it will have on the lives of the elderly and those growing older with disabilities and chronic illness. They examine the effects of the aging baby boomers on health care, migration and immigration and how it can support or tax health care networks, cultural issues regarding access to health care, and changing cultural attitudes towards marriage and family that are affecting the relationships between the elderly and their communities.
Posted in Social Science

Social Work and Health Care in an Aging Society

Education, Policy, Practice, and Research

Author: Barbara Berkman, DSW,Linda Harootyan, MSW

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826197245

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 6606

This book places significant issues related to the health, mental health, and well-being of older adults and their caregivers within the context of social work service delivery. By presenting the research of social work scholars, all experts in specific research areas, the editors clarify the value that social work brings to the larger realm of health care for older adults and their families. Special consideration is given to such issues as case management, urban, African-American elders, grandmothers raising grandchildren, aging persons with developmental disabilities, home health care, and more. For Further Information on Dr. Berkman, Please Click Here!
Posted in Social Science

Being Young in Super-Aging Japan

Formative Events and Cultural Reactions

Author: Patrick Heinrich,Christian Galan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135102504X

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 8149

Japan is not only the oldest society in the world today, but also the oldest society to have ever existed. This aging trend, however, presents many challenges to contemporary Japan, as it permeates all areas of life, from the economy and welfare to social cohesion and population decline. Nobody is more affected by these changes than the young generation. This book studies Japanese youth in the aging society in detail. It analyses formative events and cultural reactions. Themes include employment, parenthood, sexuality, but also art, literature and language, thus demonstrating how the younger generation can provide insights into the future of Japanese society more generally. This book argues that the prolonged crisis resulted in a commonly shared destabilization of thoughts and attitudes and that this has shaped a new generation that is unlike any other in post-war Japan. Presenting an inter-disciplinary approach to the study of the aging trend and what it implies for young Japanese, this book will be useful to students and scholars of Japanese culture and society, as well cultural anthropology and demography.
Posted in Social Science

Aging and the Digital Life Course

Author: David Prendergast,Chiara Garattini

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782386920

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 4634

Across the life course, new forms of community, ways of keeping in contact, and practices for engaging in work, healthcare, retail, learning and leisure are evolving rapidly. Breaking new ground in the study of technology and aging, this book examines how developments in smart phones, the internet, cloud computing, and online social networking are redefining experiences and expectations around growing older in the twenty-first century. Drawing on contributions from leading commentators and researchers across the world, this book explores key themes such as caregiving, the use of social media, robotics, chronic disease and dementia management, gaming, migration, and data inheritance, to name a few.
Posted in Social Science