Advances in Sociology Research

Author: Jared A. Jaworski

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600213632

Category: Social Science

Page: 169

View: 5453

"Advances in Sociology Research" presents original research results on the leading edge of sociology. Each chapter has been carefully selected in an attempt to present substantial advances across a broad spectrum. This volume focuses on ageing, abortion and leadership.
Posted in Social Science

Sociology of Diagnosis

Author: PJ McGann,David Hutson,Barbara Katz Rothman

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857245767

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 5779

Offers an introduction to the sociology of diagnosis. This title presents articles that explore diagnosis as a process of definition that includes: labeling dynamics between diagnoser and diagnosed; boundary struggles between diverse constituents - both among medical practitioners and between medical authorities and others; and, more.
Posted in Social Science

Advances in Infancy Research

Author: Carolyn Rovee-Collier,Lewis P. Lipsitt,Harlene Hayne

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567503906

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 464

View: 6758

The articles appearing here serve as primary references of authors' programmatic studies, providing a forum for new technological and methodological developments, or new integrations that have the potential of influencing the theoretical and research perspectives of others who study infant behavior and development. This volume is dedicated to a Eleanor E. Maccoby, a major contemporary researcher whose contributions and insights in the field of infant behavior and development have been of great importance and whose work has inspired the research of others.
Posted in Family & Relationships

Advances in Social Network Analysis

Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Stanley Wasserman,Joseph Galaskiewicz

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803943032

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 8332

In this book, leading methodologists address the issue of how effectively to apply the latest developments in social network analysis to behavioural and social science disciplines. Topics examined include: ways to specify the network contents to be studied; how to select the method for representing network structures; how social network analysis has been used to study interorganizational relations via the resource dependence model; how to use a contact matrix for studying the spread of disease in epidemiology; and how cohesion and structural equivalence network theories relate to studying social influence. The book also offers some statistical models for social support networks.
Posted in Social Science

Choice and Preference in Media Use

Advances in Selective Exposure Theory and Research

Author: Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317675142

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 496

View: 6996

Mediated messages flood our daily lives, through virtually endless choices of media channels, genres, and content. However, selectivity determines what media messages we attend to and focus on. The present book examines the factors that influence this selectivity. Seminal books on selective media exposure were published in 1960 by Klapper and in 1985 by Zillmann and Bryant. But an integrated update on this research field is much needed, as rigorous selective exposure research has flourished in the new millennium. In the contexts of political communication, health communication, Internet use, entertainment consumption, and electronic games, the crucial question of how individuals choose what content they consume has garnered much attention. The present book integrates theories and empirical evidence from these domains and discusses the related research methodologies. In light of the ever-increasing abundance of media channels and messages, selective exposure has become more important than ever for media impacts. This monograph provides a comprehensive review of the research on selective exposure to media messages, which is at the heart of communication science and media effects. It is required reading for media scholars and researchers, and promises to influence and inspire future research.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Advances in Accounting Behavioral Research

Author: Khondkar E.. Karim

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 178714528X

Category: Accounting

Page: 212

View: 7826

Advances in Accounting Behavioral Research addresses a wide range of issues that affect the users, preparers, and assurers of accounting information. Volume 20 exemplifies this focus by including research on emerging theory, methods, and applications towards behavioral research in accounting and audit.
Posted in Accounting

Methodologies of Embodiment

Inscribing Bodies in Qualitative Research

Author: Mia Perry,Carmen Liliana Medina

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113667098X

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 6312

This volume is dedicated to exploring and exposing the challenges, the possibilities, and the processes of empirical work in embodiment. Grounded in qualitative inquiry in the humanities and social sciences, the chapters describe perspectives and contexts of embodied research, but focus on the methodologies, methods, and analytic frames taken up to grapple with this ever-more theorised aspect of qualitative inquiry. The authors drawn together in this volume share an investment in the ways in which the body inscribes and is inscribed within research that foregrounds the cultural, social, affective, and political discourses that are at the core of how bodies act and are acted upon.
Posted in Social Science

Handbook of Advances in Trust Research

Author: Reinhard Bachmann,Akbar Zaheer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857931385

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 2283

The Handbook of Advances in Trust Research represents new and important developments in trust research. The contributors are all prominent and highly respected experts in the field. They provide a contemporary overview of the most crucial issues in cur
Posted in Business & Economics

The Quantified Self in Precarity

Work, Technology and What Counts

Author: Phoebe V. Moore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317201604

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 2400

Humans are accustomed to being tool bearers, but what happens when machines become tool bearers, calculating human labour via the use of big data and people analytics by metrics? The Quantified Self in Precarity highlights how, whether it be in insecure ‘gig’ work or office work, such digitalisation is not an inevitable process – nor is it one that necessarily improves working conditions. Indeed, through unique research and empirical data, Moore demonstrates how workplace quantification leads to high turnover rates, workplace rationalisation and worker stress and anxiety, with these issues linked to increased rates of subjective and objective precarity. Scientific management asked us to be efficient. Now, we are asked to be agile. But what does this mean for the everyday lives we lead? With a fresh perspective on how technology and the use of technology for management and self-management changes the ‘quantified’, precarious workplace today, The Quantified Self in Precarity will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in fields such as Science and Technology, Organisation Management, Sociology and Politics.
Posted in Social Science

Advances in the Study of Bilingualism

Author: Dr. Enlli Môn Thomas,Ineke Mennen

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 178309172X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 7380

This book provides a contemporary approach to the study of bilingualism. Drawing on contributions from leading experts in the field, this book brings together - in a single volume - a selection of the exciting work conducted as part of the programme of the ESRC Centre for Research on Bilingualism in Theory and Practice at Bangor University, Wales. Each chapter has as its main focus an exploration of the relationship between the two languages of a bilingual. Section by section, the authors draw on current findings and methodologies to explore the ways in which their research can address this question from a number of different perspectives.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Gamers

The Social and Cultural Significance of Online Games

Author: Garry Crawford,Victoria K Gosling,Ben Light

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113527505X

Category: Games

Page: 320

View: 4992

"Over only a few decades, digital gaming has become a major global leisure activity that now rivals the movie and music sectors. Due to this increasingly widespread popularity, gaming has in recent years become the focus of increased academic interest and activity, but still little is know about those who play digital games. Online Gaming in Context is the first book to explicitly and comprehensively address how digital games are experienced and engaged with in the everyday lives, social networks, and consumer patterns of those who play them. In doing so, the book provides a key introduction to the study of gamers and the games they play, whilst also reflecting on the current debates and literatures surrounding the virtual world"--
Posted in Games

Values and Identities in Europe

Evidence from the European Social Survey

Author: Michael J. Breen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315397129

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 6108

Contrary to what is suggested in media and popular discourses, Europe is neither a monolithic entity nor simply a collection of nation states. It is, rather, a union of millions of individuals who differ from one another in a variety of ways while also sharing many characteristics associated with their ethnic, social, political, economic, religious or national characteristics. This book explores differences and similarities that exist in attitudes, beliefs and opinions on a range of issues across Europe. Drawing on the extensive data of the European Social Survey, it presents insightful analyses of social attitudes, organised around the themes of religious identity, political identity, family identity and social identity, together with a section on methodological issues. A collection of rigorously analysed studies on national, comparative and pan-European levels, Values and Identities in Europe offers insight into the heart and soul of Europe at a time of unprecedented change. As such, it will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in social attitudes, social change in Europe, demographics and survey methods.
Posted in Social Science

The New Economic Sociology

Developments in an Emerging Field

Author: Marshall Meyer

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610442601

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 1574

As the American economy surged in the 1990s, economic sociology made great strides as well. Economists and sociologists worked across disciplinary boundaries to study the booming market as both a product and a producer of culture, tracing the correlations they saw between economic and social phenomena. In the process, they debated the methodological issues that arose from their interdisciplinary perspectives. The New Economic Sociology provides an overview of these debates and assesses the state of the burgeoning discipline. The contributors summarize economic sociology's accomplishments to date, identifying key theoretical problems and opportunities, and formulating strategies for future research in the field. The book opens with an introduction to the main debates and conceptual approaches in economic sociology. Contributor Neil Fligstein suggests that the current resurgence of interest in economic sociology is due to the way it brings together many sociological subdisciplines including the study of markets, households, labor markets, stratification, networks, and culture. Other contributors examine the role of economic phenomena from a network perspective. Ron Burt, for example, demonstrates how social relationships affect competitive dynamics in the marketplace. A third set of chapters addresses the role of gender in economic sociology. In her chapter, Barbara Reskin rethinks conventional notions about discrimination and points out that the law only covers one type of discrimination, while in recent years social scientists have uncovered other forms of hidden discrimination, which must be addressed as well. The New Economic Sociology also addresses the problem of economic development and change from a sociological perspective. Alejandro Portes and Margarita Mooney elaborate on one of the key emerging concepts in economic sociology, arguing that social capital—as an attribute of communities and regions—can contribute to economic and social well-being by fostering collaboration and entrepreneurship. The contributors concur that economic action must be interpreted through the cultural understandings that lend it stability and meaning. By rendering these often complex debates accessible, The New Economic Sociology makes a significant contribution to this still rapidly developing field, and provides a useful guide for future avenues of research.
Posted in Social Science

Advances in Clinical Child Psychology

Author: Benjamin Lahey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461398142

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 2402

Advances in Clinical Child Psychology is. a serial publication designed to bring together original summaries of the most important new develop ments in the field of clinical child psychology and its related disciplines. Each chapter is written by a key figure in an innovative area of research or by an individual who is particularly well qualified to comment on a topic of major contemporary importance. These chapters provide con venient, concise explorations of empirical and clinical advances in the field. In Volume 6, the chapters reflect the changing nature of research on the disorders of children. Since the beginning of this series, increasing amounts of innovative and promising research have focused on the classification, etiology, and development of childhood psychopathol ogy. This volume contains chapters on the classification of autism, the nature of sexual abuse, the development of social deficiencies and affec tion, and the important variables of maternal depression, infant-child interactions, sibling interactions, and early temperament. This volume also highlights another significant trend in clinical child psychology-its increasing rapprochement with developmental psychology. A chapter on the importance of cognitive development in dictating child interview strategies is an important example of this trend. We appreciate the roles played by the advisory editors in suggesting excellent topics and thoughtfully editing the chapters. As always, our strongest thanks go to the volume's authors for their outstanding contributions.
Posted in Psychology

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

50th Anniversary Edition

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226458148

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 1350

A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.
Posted in Science

New Horizons in Arts, Heritage, Nonprofit and Social Marketing

Author: Roger Bennett,Finola Kerrigan,Daragh O'Reilly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135743878

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 5730

Arts, heritage, non-profit and social marketing today comprise key components of the contemporary marketing management scene. Governments, charities and voluntary sector organisations throughout the world are increasingly involved in the development of marketing campaigns, and more and more of these organisations are likely to be at the cutting edge of the application of the very latest marketing methods. Research in the arts, heritage, non-profit and social marketing fields is intellectually rigorous, relevant for user communities, and has a great deal to offer to marketing theory as well as to promotional practice. This book presents a collection of stimulating articles that report some of the freshest and most innovative research and thinking in the authors’ specialist domains. Collectively the chapters offer a balance of empirical and conceptual research in arts, heritage, non-profit and social marketing. They explore new ideas, challenge pre-existing orthodoxies, develop knowledge, and demonstrate the epistemological importance of current research in these critical areas. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Marketing Management.
Posted in Business & Economics

Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences

Author: Murray Webster,Jane Sell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124051863

Category: Education

Page: 534

View: 9887

While there are many books available on statistical analysis of data from experiments, there is significantly less available on the design, development, and actual conduct of the experiments. Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences summarizes how to design and conduct scientifically sound experiments, be they from surveys, interviews, observations, or experimental methods. The book encompasses how to collect reliable data, the appropriate uses of different methods, and how to avoid or resolve common problems in experimental research. Case study examples illustrate how multiple methods can be used to answer the same research questions and what kinds of outcome would result from each methodology. Sound data begins with effective data collection. This book will assist students and professionals alike in sociology, marketing, political science, anthropology, economics, and psychology. Provides a comprehensive summary of issues in social science experimentation, from ethics to design, management, and financing Offers "how-to" explanations of the problems and challenges faced by everyone involved in social science experiments Pays attention to both practical problems and to theoretical and philosophical arguments Defines commonalities and distinctions within and among experimental situations across the social sciences
Posted in Education

Studies in Symbolic Interaction

Author: Norman K. Denzin

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857243616

Category: Psychology

Page: 364

View: 2780

The essays in this bi-annual series consist of original research and theory within the general sociological perspective known as symbolic interactionism. Longer than conventional journal-length articles, the essays wed mico and macro concerns within a qualitative, ethnographic, autoethnographic and performance studies orientation. International in scope, the series draws upon the work of urban ethnographers, interpretive, constructionist, ethnomethodological, critical race, postcolonial, feminist, queer, and cultural studies traditions.
Posted in Psychology

Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123739858

Category: Social Science

Page: 2750

View: 4452

The 2nd edition of Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict provides timely and useful information about antagonism and reconciliation in all contexts of public and personal life. Building on the highly-regarded 1st edition (1999), and publishing at a time of seemingly inexorably increasing conflict and violent behaviour the world over, the Encyclopedia is an essential reference for students and scholars working in the field of peace and conflict resolution studies, and for those seeking to explore alternatives to violence and share visions and strategies for social justice and social change. Covering topics as diverse as Arms Control, Peace Movements, Child Abuse, Folklore, Terrorism and Political Assassinations, the Encyclopedia comprehensively addresses an extensive information area in 225 multi-disciplinary, cross-referenced and authoritatively authored articles. In his Preface to the 1st edition, Editor-in-Chief Lester Kurtz wrote: "The problem of violence poses such a monumental challenge at the end of the 20th century that it is surprising we have addressed it so inadequately. We have not made much progress in learning how to cooperate with one another more effectively or how to conduct our conflicts more peacefully. Instead, we have increased the lethality of our combat through revolutions in weapons technology and military training. The Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict is designed to help us to take stock of our knowledge concerning these crucial phenomena." Ten years on, the need for an authoritative and cross-disciplinary approach to the great issues of violence and peace seems greater than ever. More than 200 authoritative multidisciplinary articles in a 3-volume set Many brand-new articles alongside revised and updated content from the First Edition Article outline and glossary of key terms at the beginning of each article Entries arranged alphabetically for easy access Articles written by more than 200 eminent contributors from around the world
Posted in Social Science