A Sociology of Culture, Taste and Value

Author: S. Stewart

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137377089

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 5346

This book explores sociological debates in relation to culture, taste and value. It argues that sociology can contribute to debates about aesthetic value and to an understanding of how people evaluate.
Posted in Social Science

Manet

Eine symbolische Revolution

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518741853

Category: Social Science

Page: 921

View: 998

Wie vollzieht sich eine symbolische Revolution? Wann hat sie Erfolg? Am Beispiel des Begründers der modernen Malerei, Édouard Manet, geht der große französische Soziologe diesen Fragen in seinen bahnbrechenden Vorlesungen am Collège de France aus den Jahren 1998 bis 2000 nach. Begleitet werden die Vorlesungen von einem Manuskript über Manet, an dem Bourdieu mit seiner Frau Marie-Claire gearbeitet hat. Eine Entdeckung! Bourdieu situiert Manets Malerei in der Krise der Kunst Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts – in einem Moment, in dem zum einen die Zahl der Künstler zunimmt und zum anderen die staatliche Autorität in der Beurteilung des Wertes von Kunst fundamental in Frage gestellt wird. In dieser Situation bricht Manet mit den Regeln der akademischen Malerei und revolutioniert die gesamte ästhetische Ordnung. Seine Gemälde sind als Kampfansagen zu verstehen: an die Bewahrer des Akademismus, an den Populismus der Realisten, an den kommerziellen Ekklektizismus der Genremaler und sogar an den im Entstehen begriffenen Impressionismus. Solche symbolischen Revolutionen, so arbeitet Bourdieu heraus, sind nur vor dem Hintergrund der Konstellationen des gesamten kulturellen Feldes zu erklären. Mit seinen Studien zu Manet hat Bourdieu nicht weniger als ein Grundlagenwerk der Kunstsoziologie geschaffen.
Posted in Social Science

The Social Life of Things

Commodities in Cultural Perspective

Author: Arjun Appadurai

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107392977

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9248

The meaning that people attribute to things necessarily derives from human transactions and motivations, particularly from how those things are used and circulated. The contributors to this volume examine how things are sold and traded in a variety of social and cultural settings, both present and past. Focusing on culturally defined aspects of exchange and socially regulated processes of circulation, the essays illuminate the ways in which people find value in things and things give value to social relations. By looking at things as if they lead social lives, the authors provide a new way to understand how value is externalized and sought after. They discuss a wide range of goods - from oriental carpets to human relics - to reveal both that the underlying logic of everyday economic life is not so far removed from that which explains the circulation of exotica, and that the distinction between contemporary economics and simpler, more distant ones is less obvious than has been thought. As the editor argues in his introduction, beneath the seeming infinitude of human wants, and the apparent multiplicity of material forms, there in fact lie complex, but specific, social and political mechanisms that regulate taste, trade, and desire. Containing contributions from American and British social anthropologists and historians, the volume bridges the disciplines of social history, cultural anthropology, and economics, and marks a major step in our understanding of the cultural basis of economic life and the sociology of culture. It will appeal to anthropologists, social historians, economists, archaeologists, and historians of art.
Posted in Social Science

Die feinen Unterschiede

Kritik der gesellschaftlichen Urteilskraft

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518576250

Category: Aesthetics, French

Page: 877

View: 4897

Die Analyse des kulturellen Konsums ist für alle von Interesse, die geneigt sind, ihre eigenen, meist als selbstverständlich aufgefassten kulturellen Vorlieben und Praktiken zu prüfen. Der Reiz und das Verdienst des Buches liegen darin, dass der Autor immer im Kontakt zum konkreten Alltag bleibt. Die Lektüre der Feinen Unterschiede wird ein spannender Selbsterfahrungsprozess.
Posted in Aesthetics, French

Culture and the Public Sphere

Author: Jim McGuigan,Dr Jim Mcguigan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134830939

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3788

Jim McGuigan discusses cultural policy as a manifestation of cultural politics in the widest sense. Illustrating his case with examples from recent cultural policy initiatives in Britain, the United States and Australia, he looks at: * The rise of market reasoning in arts administration * Urban regeneration and the arts * Heritage tourism * Race, identity and cultural citizenship * Censorship and moral regulation * The role of computer-mediated communication in democratic discourse
Posted in Social Science

Art and Social Theory

Sociological Arguments in Aesthetics

Author: Austin Harrington

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745630380

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 9361

Art and Social Theory provides a comprehensive introduction to sociological studies of the arts. It examines the central debates of social theorists and sociologists about the place of the arts in society and the social significance of aesthetics. provides a comprehensive introduction to sociological study of art; examines the central debates of social theorists and sociologists about the place of the arts in society and the social significance of aesthetics; discusses the meaning of the arts in relation to changing cultural institutions and socio-economic structures; explores questions of aesthetic value and cultural politics, taste and social class, money and patronage, ideology and utopia, myth and popular culture, and the meaning of modernism and postmodernism; presents lucid accounts of leading social theorists of the arts from Weber, Simmel, Benjamin, Kracauer and the Frankfurt School to Foucault, Bourdieu, Habermas, Baudrillard, Lyotard, Luhmann and Jameson.
Posted in Social Science

Practicing Culture

Author: Craig Calhoun,Professor of Sociology and History Craig Calhoun,Richard Sennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134126115

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4391

Practicing Culture seeks to revitalize the field of cultural sociology with an emphasis not on abstract theoretical debates but on showing how to put theoretical sources to work in empirical research. Culture is not just products and representations but practices. It is made and remade in countless small ways and occasional bursts of innovation. It is something people do – and do in rich variety and distinctive contexts as engaging case studies from the book reveal. For example: in Russia’s most Western city, Kaliningrad, residents dig for artifacts symbolizing a German past – even though their parents only migrated to what was once Konigsberg after WWII in the USA, fans of professional wrestling pride themselves on being smart enough to know how much is trickery and how the tricks work yet still believe in the contest. Practicing Culture will reshape and invigorate the sociology of culture, not only through internal development, but through enhanced connections to the interdisciplinary social theory and to related fields like the sociology of knowledge and ethnography. It will prove an essential tool for students and researchers of cultural theory, contemporary social theory and cultural sociology.
Posted in Social Science

Culture and Everyday Life

Author: David Inglis

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415319263

Category: Social Science

Page: 159

View: 3805

This lively and accessible new book reconsiders the different views as to what 'culture' is, how it operates, and how it relates to other aspects of the human (and non-human) world.
Posted in Social Science

The Cultivation of Taste

Chefs and the Organization of Fine Dining

Author: Christel Lane

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199651655

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 6637

Drawing on a large number of interviews with renowned chefs, diners, and Michelin inspectors, this book presents a comparative study of Michelin-starred restaurants in Britain and Germany. It provides an unprecedented insight into what goes on in these establishments--what makes their chefs tick, intrigues their critics, and beguiles or annoys their customers. Restaurants are viewed not simply as businesses but as cultural enterprises that shape our taste infood, ambience, and sociality.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Persistence of Taste

Art, Museums and Everyday Life After Bourdieu

Author: Dave Beech

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781138670983

Category: Aesthetics

Page: 386

View: 7890

This book offers an interdisciplinary analysis of the social practice of taste in the wake of Pierre Bourdieu¿s sociology of taste. For the first time, this book unites sociologists and other social scientists with artists and curators, art theorists and art educators, and art, design and cultural historians who engage with the practice of taste as it relates to encounters with art, cultural institutions and the practices of everyday life, in national and transnational contexts. The volume is divided into four sections. The first section on ¿Taste and art¿, shows how art practice was drawn into the sphere of ¿good taste¿, contrasting this with a post-conceptualist critique that offers a challenge to the social functions of good taste through an encounter with art. The next section on ¿Taste making and the museum¿ examines the challenges and changing social, political and organisational dynamics propelling museums beyond the terms of a supposedly universal institution and language of taste. The third section of the book, ¿Taste after Bourdieu in Japan¿ offers a case study of the challenges to the cross-cultural transmission and local reproduction of ¿good taste¿, exemplified by the complex cultural context of Japan. The final section on ¿Taste, the home and everyday life¿ juxtaposes the analysis of the reproduction of inequality and alienation through taste, with arguments on how the legacy of ideas of ¿good taste¿ have extended the possibilities of experience and sharpened our consciousness of identity. As the first book to bring together arts practitioners and theorists with sociologists and other social scientists to examine the legacy and continuing validity of Pierre Bourdieu¿s sociology of taste, this publication engages with the opportunities and problems involved in understanding the social value and the cultural dispositions of taste ¿after Bourdieu¿. It does so at a moment when the practice of taste is being radically changed by the global expansion of cultural choices, and the emergence of deploying impersonal algorithms as solutions to cultural and creative decision-making.
Posted in Aesthetics

The Field of Cultural Production

Essays on Art and Literature

Author: Pierre Bourdieu,Randal Johnson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231082877

Category: Art

Page: 322

View: 559

During the last two decades, sociologist Pierre Bourdieu has become a dominant force in cultural activity ranging from taste in music and art to choices in food and lifestyles. The Field of Cultural Production brings together Bourdieu's major essays on art and literature and provides the first introduction to Bourdieu's writings and theory of a cultural field that situates artistic works within the social conditions of their production, circulation, and consumption. Bourdieu develops a highly original approach to the study of literary and artistic works, addressing many of the key issues that have preoccupied literary art and cultural criticism in the last twentieth century: aesthetic value and canonicity, intertextuality, the institutional frameworks of cultural practice, the social role of intellectuals and artists, and structures of literary and artistic authority. Bourdieu elaborates a theory of the cultural field which situates artistic works within the social conditions of their production, circulation, and consumption. He examines the individuals and institutions involved in making cultural products what they are: not only the writers and artists, but also the publishers, critics, dealers, galleries, and academies. He analyzes the structure of the cultural field itself as well as its position within the broader social structures of power. The essays in his volume examine such diverse topics as Flaubert's point of view, Manet's aesthetic revolution, the historical creation of the pure gaze, and the relationship between art and power. The Field of Cultural Porduction will be of interest to students and scholars from a wide range of disciplines: sociology and social theory, literature, art, and cultural studies.
Posted in Art

Club Cultures

Music, Media, and Subcultural Capital

Author: Sarah Thornton

Publisher: Wesleyan University Press

ISBN: 9780819562975

Category: Music

Page: 191

View: 9919

A close look at the music and culture of dance clubs and the “rave” phenomenon..
Posted in Music

Money, Morals, and Manners

The Culture of the French and the American Upper-Middle Class

Author: Michèle Lamont,Professor of Sociology Michele Lamont

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226468150

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9719

Drawing on remarkably frank, in-depth interviews with 160 successful men in the United States and France, Michele Lamont provides a rare and revealing collective portrait of the upper-middle class - the managers, professionals, entrepreneurs, and experts at the center of power in society. Her book is a subtle, textured description of how these men define the values and attitudes they consider essential in separating themselves - and their class - from everyone else. For Lamont, the boundaries of class are not marked by economics alone. She goes beyond crude categories of status and simple measures of taste, wealth, and possessions to reveal the role of moral and cultural distinctions in setting the boundaries between the upper-middle class and those above and below. Central to her analysis - and to the identity of the men she interviewed - is the idea of a virtuous or worthy person: members of the upper-middle class constantly define themselves and others by making distinctions along this moral dimension. There are important differences, however, within the upper-middle class and between national cultures. Living in a cosmopolitan city like New York or Paris is different than living in a more provincial center like Indianapolis or Clermont-Ferrand; those working in the profit sector hold very different values than do those working for nonprofit organizations; and American men place more emphasis on financial success than do their French counterparts, who value personal integrity and cultural refinement more. Unprecedented in its comparative reach, Money, Morals, and Manners is an ambitious and sophisticated attempt to illuminate the nature of social class in modern society. For allthose who downplay the importance of unequal social groups, it will be a revelation.
Posted in Social Science

Social Networks and Music Worlds

Author: Nick Crossley,Siobhan McAndrew,Paul Widdop

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317964764

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 9339

Social networks are critical for the creation and consumption of music. This edited collection, Social Networks and Music Worlds, introduces students and scholars of music in society to the core concepts and tools of social network analysis. The collection showcases the use of these tools by sociologists, historians and musicologists, examining a variety of distinct 'music worlds', including post-punk, jazz, rap, folk, classical music, Ladyfest and the world of 'open mic' performances, on a number of different scales (local, national and international). In addition to their overarching Introduction, the editors offer a very clear and detailed introduction to the methodology of social network analysis for the uninitiated. The collection builds upon insights from canonic texts in the sociology of music, with the crucial innovation of examining musical network interaction via formal methods. With network analysis in the arts and humanities at an emergent stage, Social Networks and Music Worlds highlights its possibilities for non-scientists. Contributions hail from leading and emerging scholars who present social network graphs and data to represent different music worlds, locating individuals, resources and styles within them. The collection sits at the nexus of sociological, musicological and cultural studies traditions. Its range should ensure a large scholarly readership.
Posted in Social Science

Class, Self, Culture

Author: Beverley Skeggs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136499210

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 2857

Class, Self, Culture puts class back on the map in a novel way by taking a new look at how class is made and given value through culture. It shows how different classes become attributed with value, enabling culture to be deployed as a resource and as a form of property, which has both use-value to the person and exchange-value in systems of symbolic and economic exchange. The book shows how class has not disappeared, but is known and spoken in a myriad of different ways, always working through other categorisations of nation, race, gender and sexuality and across different sites: through popular culture, political rhetoric and academic theory. In particular attention is given to how new forms of personhood are being generated through mechanisms of giving value to culture, and how what we come to know and assume to be a 'self' is always a classed formation. Analysing four processes: of inscription, institutionalisation, perspective-taking and exchange relationships, it challenges recent debates on reflexivity, risk, rational-action theory, individualisation and mobility, by showing how these are all reliant on fixing some people in place so that others can move.
Posted in Social Science

The Cultural Intermediaries Reader

Author: Jennifer Smith Maguire,Julian Matthews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 147390739X

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2156

"A rich selection of readings that expose the shadowy underworld of critics, bloggers, tweeters and stylists who have become essential guides to the good life of cultural consumption... a long overdue examination of how cultural intermediaries work, and how their work supports the new capitalist economy." - Sharon Zukin, Brooklyn College and City University "An array of talented contributors, skilfully brought together by the editors, show how the concept of cultural intermediaries can cast light on cultural production, and on media, culture and society." - David Hesmondhalgh, University of Leeds Cultural intermediaries are the taste makers defining what counts as good taste and cool culture in today's marketplace. Working at the intersection of culture and economy, they perform critical operations in the production and promotion of consumption, constructing legitimacy and adding value through the qualification of goods. Too often, these are processes that remain invisible to the consumer's eye and in scholarly debates about creative industries. The Cultural Intermediaries Reader offers the first, comprehensive introduction to this exciting field of research, providing the conceptual and practical tools needed to analyse these market actors. The book: Surveys the theoretical terrain through accessible, in-depth primers to key approaches (Pierre Bourdieu, Michel Callon and the new economic sociology). Equips readers with a practical guide to methodology that highlights the central features and challenges of conducting cultural intermediary research. Challenges stereotypes and narrow views of cultural work through a diverse range of case studies, including creative directors of advertising and branding campaigns, music critics, lifestyle chefs, assistants in book shops and fashion outlets, personal trainers, bartenders and more. Brings the field to life through a wealth of ethnographic data from research in the US, UK and around the world, in original chapters written by some of the leading scholars in the field. Invites readers to engage with proposed new directions for research, and comparative analyses of cultural intermediaries’ historical development, material practices, and cultural and economic impacts. The book will be an essential point of reference for scholars and students in sociology, critical management, cultural studies, and media studies with an interest in cultural economy, creative labour, and the past, present and future intersections between production and consumption.
Posted in Social Science

Social Realism, Knowledge and the Sociology of Education

Coalitions of the Mind

Author: Karl Maton,Rob Moore

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441161082

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 8620

This volume covers issues in the sociology of knowledge, the educational system and policy, professional autonomy, vocational education, educational research and teaching, as well as the nature of such disciplines as cultural studies, English, science and the arts. The chapters also directly address the nature of sociology of education itself.The realist position developed in the book challenges two major currents of thought that have for a long time been prominent and influential in sociology and education: postmodernism and progressivism/constructivism. This well-edited collection of papers is provocative and original in that it represents a sustained, collective critique that offers a genuine alternative to these current orthodoxies.
Posted in Education