A Sociological Theory of Communication

The Self-organization of the Knowledge-based Society

Author: Loet Leydesdorff

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581126956

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 2115

Networks of communication evolve in terms of reflexive exchanges. The codification of these reflections in language, that is, at the social level, can be considered as the operating system of society. Under sociologically specifiable conditions, the discursive reconstructions can be expected to make the systems under reflection increasingly knowledge-intensive. This sociological theory of communication is founded in a tradition that includes Giddens' (1979) structuration theory, Habermas' (1981) theory of communicative action, and Luhmann's (1984) proposal to consider social systems as self-organizing. The study also elaborates on Shannon's (1948) mathematical theory of communication for the formalization and operationalization of the non-linear dynamics. The development of scientific communications can be studied using citation analysis. The exchange media at the interfaces of knowledge production provide us with the evolutionary model of a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations. The construction of the European Information Society can then be analyzed in terms of interacting networks of communication. The issues of sustainable development and the expectation of social change are discussed in relation to the possibility of a general theory of communication. REVIEW In this book, LoetLeydesdorff sets out to answer the question, "Can society be considered as a self-organizing (autopoietic) system. In the process, Leydesdorff, develops a general sociological theory of communication, as well as a special theory of scientific communication designed to analyze complex systems such as the Euroean Information Society. (from review in JASIST 53[1], 2002, 62-63)
Posted in Social Science

A Sociological Theory of Communication

The Self-organization of the Knowledge-based Society

Author: Loet Leydesdorff

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781581126952

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 4368

Networks of communication evolve in terms of reflexive exchanges. The codification of these reflections in language, that is, at the social level, can be considered as the operating system of society. Under sociologically specifiable conditions, the discursive reconstructions can be expected to make the systems under reflection increasingly knowledge-intensive. This sociological theory of communication is founded in a tradition that includes Giddens' (1979) structuration theory, Habermas' (1981) theory of communicative action, and Luhmann's (1984) proposal to consider social systems as self-organizing. The study also elaborates on Shannon's (1948) mathematical theory of communication for the formalization and operationalization of the non-linear dynamics. The development of scientific communications can be studied using citation analysis. The exchange media at the interfaces of knowledge production provide us with the evolutionary model of a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations. The construction of the European Information Society can then be analyzed in terms of interacting networks of communication. The issues of sustainable development and the expectation of social change are discussed in relation to the possibility of a general theory of communication. REVIEW In this book, LoetLeydesdorff sets out to answer the question, "Can society be considered as a self-organizing (autopoietic) system. In the process, Leydesdorff, develops a general sociological theory of communication, as well as a special theory of scientific communication designed to analyze complex systems such as the Euroean Information Society. (from review in JASIST 53[1], 2002, 62-63)
Posted in Social Science

A Sociological Theory of Communication

The Self-organization of the Knowledge-based Society

Author: Loet Leydesdorff

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781581126952

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 5661

Networks of communication evolve in terms of reflexive exchanges. The codification of these reflections in language, that is, at the social level, can be considered as the operating system of society. Under sociologically specifiable conditions, the discursive reconstructions can be expected to make the systems under reflection increasingly knowledge-intensive. This sociological theory of communication is founded in a tradition that includes Giddens' (1979) structuration theory, Habermas' (1981) theory of communicative action, and Luhmann's (1984) proposal to consider social systems as self-organizing. The study also elaborates on Shannon's (1948) mathematical theory of communication for the formalization and operationalization of the non-linear dynamics. The development of scientific communications can be studied using citation analysis. The exchange media at the interfaces of knowledge production provide us with the evolutionary model of a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations. The construction of the European Information Society can then be analyzed in terms of interacting networks of communication. The issues of sustainable development and the expectation of social change are discussed in relation to the possibility of a general theory of communication. REVIEW In this book, LoetLeydesdorff sets out to answer the question, "Can society be considered as a self-organizing (autopoietic) system. In the process, Leydesdorff, develops a general sociological theory of communication, as well as a special theory of scientific communication designed to analyze complex systems such as the Euroean Information Society. (from review in JASIST 53[1], 2002, 62-63)
Posted in Social Science

The Knowledge-based Economy

Modeled, Measured, Simulated

Author: Loet Leydesdorff

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581129378

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 385

View: 8747

"Challenging, theoretically rich yet anchored in detailed empirical analysis, Loet Leydesdorff's exploration of the dynamics of the knowledge-economy is a major contribution to the field. Drawing on his expertise in science and technology studies, systems theory, and his internationally respected work on the 'triple helix', the book provides a radically new modelling and simulation of knowledge systems, capturing the articulation of structure, communication, and agency therein. This work will be of immense interest to both theorists of the knowledge-economy and practitioners in science policy." Andrew Webster Science & Technology Studies, University of York, UK ________________________________________ "This book is a ground-breaking collection of theory and techniques to help understand the internal dynamics of the modern knowledge-based economy, including issues such as stability, anticipation, and interactions amongst components. The combination of theory, measurement, and modelling gives the necessary power with which to address the complexity of modern networked social systems. Each on its own would partly illuminate an innovation system, but the combination sheds a far brighter light." Mike Thelwall Information Science, University of Wolverhampton, UK ________________________________________ "The sociologist Niklas Luhmann is considered one of the few social scientists possibly able to explain a decisive event once it has happened. In this book, Loet Leydesdorff answers the challenge to take Luhmann's analysis one step further by introducing anticipation into the theory. This book provides a fascinating exploration of the use of recursion and incursion to model social processes." Dirk Baecker Sociology, Universitat Witten/Herdecke, Germany ________________________________________ How can an economy based on something as volatile as knowledge be sustained? The urgency of improving our understanding of a knowledge-based economy provides the context and necessity of this study. In a previous study entitled A Sociological Theory of Communications: The Self-Organization of the Knowledge-based Society (2001) the author specified knowledge-based systems from a sociological perspective. In this book, he takes this theory one step further and demonstrates how the knowledge base of an economic system can be operationalized, both in terms of measurement and by providing simulation models."
Posted in Business & Economics

Collective Behavior and Public Opinion

Rapid Shifts in Opinion and Communication

Author: Jaap van Ginneken

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135629048

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 9789

This is a highly innovative and stimulating work with the outline of an entirely new approach to massive and rapid shifts in opinion and communication. It discusses and explains such mysterious phenomena as sudden crazes and crashes, fads and fashion, hypes and manias, moral outrage and protests, gossip and rumors, and scares and panics. Rich in alternative insights, the book is divided into four parts. Part I discusses the points of departure: the most relevant processes of opinion formation and communication. Part II is about phenomena on three different levels, that have traditionally been studied within the twin fields of mass psychology and collective behavior sociology. Part III focuses on the three prime forms of "emotional coloring" of opinion currents and public moods. Part IV discusses a combination of some of the aforementioned phenomena: successive crazes and crashes in financial markets, and looks at why technological and economic, and social and opinion forecasts often fail so miserably. The audience for this book includes students of social and mass psychology, social movements and collective behavior sociology, and opinion and communication in general. Professionals in public relations, marketing, health, finance, and politics, as well as the educated lay audience, will also find this book of interest.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Complexity and Planning

Systems, Assemblages and Simulations

Author: Professor Gert de Roo,Professor Jean Hillier,Professor Joris Van Wezemael

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409456366

Category: Political Science

Page: 462

View: 3362

Complexity, complex systems and complexity theories are becoming increasingly important within a variety disciplines. While these issues are less well known within the discipline of spatial planning, there has been a recent growing awareness and interest. As planners grapple with how to consider the vagaries of the real world when putting together proposals for future development, they question how complexity, complex systems and complexity theories might prove useful with regard to spatial planning and the physical environment. This book provides a readable overview, presenting and relating a range of understandings and characteristics of complexity and complex systems as they are relevant to planning. It recognizes multiple, relational approaches of dynamic complexity which enhance understandings of, and facilitate working with, contingencies of place, time and the various participants' behaviours. In doing so, it should contribute to a better understanding of processes with regard to our physical and social worlds.
Posted in Political Science

Public Relations and Social Theory

Key Figures and Concepts

Author: Øyvind Ihlen,Magnus Fredriksson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135840369

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 8632

Public Relations and Social Theory broadens the theoretical scope of public relations through its application of the works of prominent social theorists to the study of public relations. The volume focuses on the work of key social theorists, including Jürgen Habermas, Niklas Luhmann, Michel Foucault, Ulrich Beck, Pierre Bourdieu, Anthony Giddens, Robert Putnam, Erving Goffman, Peter L. Berger, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Bruno Latour, Leon Mayhew, Dorothy Smith and Max Weber. Unique in its approach, the collection demonstrates how the theories of these scholars come to bear on the understanding of public relations as a social activity. Understanding public relations in its societal context entails a focus on such concepts as trust, legitimacy, understanding, and reflection, as well as on issues of power, behavior, and language. Each chapter is devoted to an individual theorist, providing an overview of that theorist’s key concepts and contributions, and exploring how these concepts can be applied to public relations as a practice. Each chapter also includes a box giving a short and concise presentation of the theorist, along with recommendation of key works and secondary literature. Overall, this volume will enhance understanding of theories and their applications in public relations, expanding the breadth and depth of the theoretic foundations of public relations. It will be of great interest to scholars and graduate students in public relations and strategic communication.
Posted in Business & Economics

Science & Public Policy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science and state

Page: N.A

View: 7836

Posted in Science and state

Computing anticipatory systems

CASYS'05, seventh international conference, Liège, Belgium, 8-13 August 2005

Author: D. M. Dubois

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: 9780735403314

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 631

All papers were peer-reviewed. These proceedings include the invited papers as well as those papers that received a best paper award. This conference was enhanced by the presence of Brian D. Josephson, Nobel Prize in Physics, who presented an invited lecture on "General Principles for Brain Design," included in these proceedings. The content of these proceedings deals with the most recent research and development in the area of theoretical developments and applications in the modeling and computing of anticipatory systems in any fields of natural and artificial systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system that computes its current states in taking into account its past and present states but also its potential future states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecasted from a model of a system. Specific topics include: physics, quantum mechanics, relativity; anticipatory systems, incursion, hyperincursion; logical and dynamical systems; computing systems; soft computing; cognitive systems; neuroscience, biosystems; risk management, economy; as well as engineering systems.
Posted in Computers

Computing Anticipatory Systems

CASYS'05 - Seventh International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems

Author: Daniel M. Dubois

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735403314

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 2251

This book constitutes the proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems, CASYS'05. The volume includes all invited papers as well as those papers that received a best paper award. Also included is a lecture on "General Principles for Brain Design," presented by Brian D. Josephson, Nobel Laureate in Physics. The papers discuss recent research and development in the modeling and computing of anticipatory systems in fields of natural and artificial systems.
Posted in Computers

Communications

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Communication

Page: N.A

View: 9038

Posted in Communication

Internet and Society

Social Theory in the Information Age

Author: Christian Fuchs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135898820

Category: Computers

Page: 816

View: 5730

In this exceptional study, Christian Fuchs discusses how the internet has transformed the lives of human beings and social relationships in contemporary society. By outlining a social theory of the internet and the information society, he demonstrates how the ecological, economic, political, and cultural systems of contemporary society have been transformed by new ICTs. Fuchs highlights how new forms of cooperation and competition are advanced and supported by the internet in subsystems of society and also discusses opportunities and risks of the information society.
Posted in Computers

The Social Lens

An Invitation to Social and Sociological Theory

Author: Kenneth Allan

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412978343

Category: Social Science

Page: 661

View: 4857

The Social Lens: An Invitation to Social and Sociological Theory, Second Edition is an upper division undergraduate social theory textbook that introduces the student to the major classical and contemporary theorists. The theorists were chosen for the diversity of their perspectives as well as their ability to introduce the student to contemporary theory. Dr. Allan uses a lively informative writing style to engage the students in the eras of social change that spawned the major sociological theories and then applies them to the current era, which also is experiencing major social change.
Posted in Social Science

Against Essentialism

A Theory of Culture and Society

Author: Stephan Fuchs

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674037410

Category: Social Science

Page: 398

View: 8370

"Against Essentialism" presents a sociological theory of culture. This interdisciplinary and foundational work deals with basic issues common to current debates in social theory, including society, culture, meaning, truth, and communication. Stephan Fuchs argues that many mysteries about these concepts lose their mysteriousness when dynamic variations are introduced. Fuchs proposes a theory of culture and society that merges two core traditions--American network theory and European (Luhmannian) systems theory. His book distinguishes four major types of social "observers"--encounters, groups, organizations, and networks. Society takes place in these four modes of association. Each generates levels of observation linked with each other into a "culture"--the unity of these observations. "Against Essentialism" presents a groundbreaking new approach to the construction of society, culture, and personhood. The book invites both social scientists and philosophers to see what happens when essentialism is abandoned.
Posted in Social Science

The Image

Knowledge in Life and Society

Author: Kenneth Ewart Boulding

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472060474

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 175

View: 5141

Boulding discusses the image as the key to understanding society and human behavior
Posted in Business & Economics

Comet/Asteroid Impacts and Human Society

An Interdisciplinary Approach

Author: Peter T. Bobrowsky,Hans Rickman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540327118

Category: Science

Page: 546

View: 2624

Leading specialists in various disciplines were first invited to a multidisciplinary workshop funded by ICSU on the topic to gain a better appreciation and perspective on the subject of comet/asteroid impacts as viewed by different disciplines. This volume provides a necessary link between various disciplines and comet/asteroid impacts.
Posted in Science

The Constitution of Society

Outline of the Theory of Structuration

Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745665284

Category: Social Science

Page: 438

View: 7219

Anthony Giddens has been in the forefront of developments in social theory for the past decade. In The Constitution of Society he outlines the distinctive position he has evolved during that period and offers a full statement of a major new perspective in social thought, a synthesis and elaboration of ideas touched on in previous works but described here for the first time in an integrated and comprehensive form. A particular feature is Giddens's concern to connect abstract problems of theory to an interpretation of the nature of empirical method in the social sciences. In presenting his own ideas, Giddens mounts a critical attack on some of the more orthodox sociological views. The Constitution of Society is an invaluable reference book for all those concerned with the basic issues in contemporary social theory.
Posted in Social Science

Mind, Self, and Society

From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist

Author: George Herbert Mead

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226516608

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 1016

Written from the standpoint of the social behaviorist, this treatise contains the heart of Mead's position on social psychology. The analysis of language is of major interest, as it supplied for the first time an adequate treatment of the language mechanism in relation to scientific and philosophical issues. "If philosophical eminence be measured by the extent to which a man's writings anticipate the focal problems of a later day and contain a point of view which suggests persuasive solutions to many of them, then George Herbert Mead has justly earned the high praise bestowed upon him by Dewey and Whitehead as a 'seminal mind of the very first order.'"—Sidney Hook, The Nation
Posted in Social Science

Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion E-Book

Author: Jennie Naidoo,Jane Wills

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702044350

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 469

This title is now out of print. A new edition with e-book is available under ISBN 9780702044540. This package provides you with the book plus the eBook – giving you the printed book and also giving access to the complete book content electronically. Evolve eBooks allows you to quickly search the entire book, make notes, add highlights, and study more efficiently. Buying other Evolve eBooks titles makes your learning experience even better: all of the eBooks will work together on your electronic 'bookshelf', so that you can search across your entire library of Nursing eBooks. Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion is the second title in the ‘Public Health and Health Promotion Practice’ series, expanding on the best-selling introductory textbook, Foundations for Health Promotion. Developing Practice is an essential text for the many different practitioners, professionals and specialists who contribute to public health and health promotion, enabling them to develop their knowledge, skills and confidence. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy Case studies, activities and discussion points encourage interaction and reflection, and stimulate learning Unique, user-friendly approach makes learning easy Examines the forces that drive practice Focuses on the core strategies of: Tackling health inequalities User and public participation and involvement Working in partnerships Empowerment. Identifies current public health priorities and how to address these in practice. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy
Posted in Medical