A Philosophical History of Rights

Author: Gary Herbert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351534696

Category: Philosophy

Page: 362

View: 3519

Since the seventeenth century, concern in the Western world for the welfare of the individual has been articulated philosophically most often as a concern for his rights. The modern conception of individual rights resulted from abandonment of ancient, value-laced ideas of nature and their replacement by the modern, mathematically transparent idea of nature that has room only for individuals, often in conflict. In A Philosophical History of Rights, Gary B. Herbert traces the historical evolution of the concept and the transformation of the problems through which the concept is defined. The volume examines the early history of rights as they existed in ancient Greece, and locates the first philosophical inquiry into the nature of rights in Platonic and Aristotelian accounts. He traces Roman jurisprudence to the advent of Christianity, to the divine right of kings. Herbert follows the historical evolution of modern subjective rights, the attempts by Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Fichte, and Hegel to mediate rights, to make them sociable. He then turns to nineteenth-century condemnation of rights in the theories of the historical school of law, Benthamite utilitarianism, and Marxist socialism. Following World War II, a newly revived language of rights had to be constructed, to express universal moral outrage over what came to be called crimes against humanity. The contemporary Western concern for rights is today a concern for the individual and a recognition of the limits beyond which a society must not go in sacrificing the individual's welfare for its own conception of the common good. In his conclusion, Herbert addresses the postmodern critique of rights as a form of moral imperialism legitimizing relations of dominance and subjection. In addition to his historical analysis of the evolution of theories of rights, Herbert exposes the philosophical confusions that arise when we exchange one concept of rights for another and continue to cite historical antecedents for contemporary attitudes that are in fact their philosophical antithesis. A Philosophical History of Rights will be of interest to philosophers, historians, and political scientists.
Posted in Philosophy

A Philosophical History of Rights

Author: Gary Bruce Herbert

Publisher: Transaction Pub

ISBN: 9780765801241

Category: Philosophy

Page: 362

View: 4587

A review of the historical concept of rights and the transformation of the problems through which the concept is defined. Gary Herbert explores the evolution of theories of rights and exposes the philosophical contradictions that arise when we exchange one concept of rights for another.
Posted in Philosophy

Denker des Abendlandes

eine Geschichte der Philosophie

Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783868201277

Category:

Page: 430

View: 9253

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A Culture of Rights

The Bill of Rights in Philosophy, Politics and Law 1791 and 1991

Author: Michael James Lacey,Knud Haakonssen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521446532

Category: History

Page: 474

View: 4746

New insights into the rights thinking and consciousness at the core of American political culture.
Posted in History

Vorlesungen über die Philosophie der Weltgeschichte

Author: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783737215213

Category:

Page: 214

View: 8350

Dieses Buch uber die Philosophie der Weltgeschichte von Georg Friedrich Hegel ist ein unveranderter, hochwertiger Nachdruck der Originalausgabe von 1920. Der Vero Verlag ist Herausgeber von Literatur zu unterschiedlichen Themengebieten wie Forschung und Wissenschaft, Reisen und Expeditionen, Kochen und Ernahrung, Medizin und weiteren Genres. Der Schwerpunkt des Verlages liegt auf dem Erhalt historischer Literatur. Viele Werke historischer Schriftsteller und Wissenschaftler sind heute nur noch als Antiquitaten erhaltlich. Der Vero Verlag verlegt diese Bucher neu und tragt damit zum Erhalt selten gewordener Literatur und historischem Wissen auch fur die Zukunft bei."
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A Philosophical History of German Sociology

Author: Frédéric Vandenberghe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134027133

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 2793

A Philosophical History of German Sociology presents a systematic reconstruction of critical theory, from the founding fathers of sociology (Marx, Simmel, Weber) via Lukács to the Frankfurt School (Horkheimer, Adorno, Habermas). Through an in depth analysis of the theories of alienation, rationalisation and reification, it investigates the metatheoretical presuppositions of a critical theory of the present that not only highlights the reality of domination, but is also able to highlight the possibilities of emancipation. Although not written as a textbook, its clear and cogent introduction to some of the main theories of sociology make this book a valuable resource for undergraduates and postgraduates alike. The following in-depth investigation of theories of alienation and reification offer essential material for any critique of the dehumanizing tendencies of today’s global world. Recently translated into English from the original French for the first time, this text showcases Vandenberghe's mastery of the German, French and English schools of sociology study. The result is an important and challenging text that is essential reading for sociology students of all levels. Frédéric Vandenberghe is a Sociology professor and researcher at Iuperj (Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. His writings on a broad range of sociological topics have been published as books and articles around the world.
Posted in Philosophy

The Self, Ethics & Human Rights

Author: Joseph Indaimo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317805860

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 2933

This book explores how the notion of human identity informs the ethical goal of justice in human rights. Within the modern discourse of human rights, the issue of identity has been largely neglected. However, within this discourse lies a conceptualisation of identity that was derived from a particular liberal philosophy about the ‘true nature’ of the isolated, self-determining and rational individual. Rights are thus conceived as something that are owned by each independent self, and that guarantee the exercise of its autonomy. Critically engaging this subject of rights, this book considers how recent shifts in the concept of identity and, more specifically, the critical humanist notion of ‘the other’, provides a basis for re-imagining the foundation of contemporary human rights. Drawing on the work of Jacques Lacan and Emmanuel Levinas, an inter-subjectivity between self and other ‘always already’ marks human identity with an ethical openness. And, this book argues, it is in the shift away from the human self as a ‘sovereign individual’ that human rights have come to reflect a self-identity that is grounded in the potential of an irreducible concern for the other.
Posted in Law

Challenges in Human Rights

A Social Work Perspective

Author: Elisabeth Reichert

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231510349

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 9126

By using human rights as a guidepost, social workers can help create social welfare policies that better serve societal needs. However, in applying human rights to contemporary situations, social workers often encounter challenges that require thinking outside the box. Bringing together provocative essays from a diverse range of authors, Elisabeth Reichert demonstrates how approaching social work from a human rights perspective can profoundly affect legislation, resource management, and enforcement of policies. Topics include the reconciliation of cultural relativism with universal human rights; the debate over whether human rights truly promote economic and social development or simply allow economically developed societies to exploit underdeveloped countries; the role of gender in the practice of human rights; the tendency to promote political and civil rights over economic and social rights; and the surprising connection between the social work and legal professions.
Posted in Social Science

Die Probleme Der Geschichtsphilosophie: Eine Erkenntnistheoretische Studie

Author: Georg Simmel

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270182590

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 8266

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Posted in History

The Concept of Human Rights in Africa

Author: Issa G. Shivji

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 1870784022

Category: Philosophy

Page: 126

View: 6895

1 The dominant discourse
Posted in Philosophy

Legal Rights

Historical and Philosophical Perspectives

Author: Austin Sarat,Thomas R. Kearns

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472023615

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 7826

The idea of legal rights today enjoys virtually universal appeal, yet all too often the meaning and significance of rights are poorly understood. The purpose of this volume is to clarify the subject of legal rights by drawing on both historical and philosophical legal scholarship to bridge the gap between these two genres--a gap that has divorced abstract and normative treatments of rights from an understanding of their particular social and cultural contexts. Legal Rights: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives shows that the meaning and extent of rights has been dramatically expanded in this century, though along with the widespread and flourishing popularity of rights, voices of criticism have increasingly been raised. The authors take up the question of the foundation of rights and explore the postmodern challenges to efforts to ground rights outside of history and language. Drawing rich historical analysis and careful philosophical inquiry into productive dialogue, this book explores the many facets of rights at the end of the twentieth century. In these essays, potentially abstract debates come alive as they are related to the struggles of real people attempting to cope with, and improve, their living conditions. The significance of legal rights is measured not just in terms of philosophical categories or as a collection of histories, but as they are experienced in the lives of men and women seeking to come to terms with rights in contemporary life. Contributors are Hadley Arkes, William E. Cain, Thomas Haskell, Morton J. Horwitz, Annabel Patterson, Michael J. Perry, Pierre Schlag, and Jeremy Waldron. Austin Sarat is William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Jurisprudence and Political Science, Amherst College. Thomas R. Kearns is William H. Hastie Professor of Philosophy, Amherst College.
Posted in Law

The End of Human Rights

Critical Thought at the Turn of the Century

Author: Costas Douzinas

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847316794

Category: Law

Page: 408

View: 2378

The introduction of the Human Rights Act has led to an explosion in books on human rights, yet no sustained examination of their history and philosophy exists in the burgeoning literature. At the same time, while human rights have triumphed on the world stage as the ideology of postmodernity, our age has witnessed more violations of human rights than any previous, less enlightened one. This book fills the historical and theoretical gap and explores the powerful promises and disturbing paradoxes of human rights. Divided in two parts and fourteen chapters, the book offers first an alternative history of natural law, in which natural rights represent the eternal human struggle to resist domination and oppression and to fight for a society in which people are no longer degraded or despised. At the time of their birth, in the 18th century, and again in the popular uprisings of the last decade, human rights became the dominant critique of the conservatism of law. But the radical energy, symbolic value and apparently endless expansive potential of rights has led to their adoption both by governments wishing to justify their policies on moral grounds and by individuals fighting for the public recognition of private desires and has undermined their ends. Part Two examines the philosophical logic of rights. Rights, the most liberal of institutions, has been largely misunderstood by established political philosophy and jurisprudence as a result of their cognitive limitations and ethically impoverished views of the individual subject and of the social bond. The liberal approaches of Hobbes, Locke and Kant are juxtaposed to the classical critiques of the concept of human rights by Burke, Hegel and Marx. The philosophies of Heidegger, Strauss, Arendt and Sartre are used to deconstruct the concept of the (legal) subject. Semiotics and psychoanalysis help explore the catastrophic consequences of both universalists and cultural relativists when they become convinced about their correctness. Finally, through a consideration of the ethics of otherness, and with reference to recent human rights violations, it is argued that the end of human rights is to judge law and politics from a position of moral transcendence. This is a comprehensive historical and theoretical examination of the discourse and practice of human rights. Using examples from recent moral foreign policies in Iraq, Rwanda and Kosovo, Douzinas radically argues that the defensive and emancipatory role of human rights will come to an end if we do not re-invent their utopian ideal.
Posted in Law

Foundations of Natural Right

Author: Johann Gottlieb Fichte,Frederick Neuhouser,Michael Baur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521575911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 338

View: 6337

A complete translation into English of Fichte's most important work of political philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy

Philosophy of Right

Author: Georg H. W. Hegel,Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 1605204242

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 9651

Considered by some the best introduction to and explication of the thought of German Idealist philosopher GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH HEGEL (17701831), this 1896 translation by SAMUEL WATERS DYDE (b. 1862) of the philosophers great 1821 work offers a succinct but comprehensive discussion of concepts of free will. A philosophical disciple of Kant, Hegel saw that free will could exist only within the larger context of human life: of family, of work, of legality and moralityhuman freedom, Hegel believed could not exist in a vacuum but only via an individuals interactions with the social networks of humanity. Hegels understanding of the individuals impact on such grand canvases as history itself exerted an unparalleled influence on German philosophy throughout the 19th century, including upon Karl Marx and his Communist Manifesto. Philosophy of Right, then, deserves a place in the essential library of anyone wishing to understand modern political thinking.
Posted in Philosophy

Eine kurze Geschichte der deutschen Philosophie

Rückblick auf den deutschen Geist

Author: Vittorio Hösle

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406648657

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 6752

Vittorio Hösle bietet in diesem Buch eine Übersicht über die deutsche Philosophiegeschichte vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart. Er beginnt mit einer Erörterung der Frage, inwieweit es überhaupt legitim ist, den Gang der deutschen Philosophiegeschichte von den restlichen europäischen Philosophiegeschichten abzusondern, und endet mit verhaltener Skepsis hinsichtlich des Überlebens deutscher Philosophie im 21. Jahrhundert. Der Sonderweg deutscher Philosophie beginnt im Mittelalter mit Meister Eckhart und Nicolaus Cusanus. Eine neue Pointierung wird durch die Reformation gewiesen, die gerade wegen ihrer antiphilosophischen Polemik einen Neubeginn des Denkens ermöglicht und die für Deutschland so charakteristische Verbindung von Philosophie und Philologie hervorbringt. Leibniz, Kant und die Fundierung der Geisteswissenschaften im späten 18. Jahrhundert sind Voraussetzungen der Synthese des Deutschen Idealismus, auf die mit Schopenhauer, Feuerbach, Marx und Nietzsche eine rasche Auflösung des Christentums ebenso wie der bisherigen Vernunftmetaphysik folgt. Die Neubegründungen der Philosophie bei Frege und im Logischen Positivismus, bei den Neukantianern und in der Phänomenologie Husserls werden als die wirkungsmächtigsten Versuche des frühen 20. Jahrhunderts dargestellt; auf sie folgt die Philosophie des Nationalsozialismus (Martin Heidegger, Arnold Gehlen, Carl Schmitt) und schließlich diejenige der Bundesrepublik (Hans-Georg Gadamer, Karl-Otto Apel, Jürgen Habermas und Hans Jonas). Das Buch ist eine auf gründlicher Kenntnis der Primärquellen beruhende Gesamtinterpretation der deutschen Philosophie. Zugleich versteht es sich als Rückblick auf den «deutschen Geist».
Posted in Philosophy

History and Illusion in Politics

Author: Raymond Geuss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521000437

Category: Philosophy

Page: 175

View: 8695

In his new book, distinguished political philosopher Raymond Geuss critically examines some of the most widely held and important preconceptions about contemporary politics western societies: the state, authority, violence and coercion, the concept of legitimacy, liberalism, toleration, freedom, democracy, and human rights. Geuss argues that the liberal democratic state committed to the defense of human rights is in fact a confused conjunction of disparate elements. One of his most striking claims is that it makes sense to speak of rights only relative to a mechanism for enforcing them, and that therefore the whole concept of a "human right" as it is commonly used in contemporary political philosophy, is a confusion. A profound and concise essay on the basic structure of contemporary politics, History and Illusion in Politics is written in a voice that is skeptical, engaged, and clear. Raymond Geuss is University Lecturer, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Cambridge. Educated in the United States and Germany, he has held academic posts at Heidelberg, the University of Chicago and Princeton University. He is the editor of Nietzsche The Birth of Tragedy (Cambridge, 1999) and the author of Public Goods, Private Goods (Princeton, 2001). He is a frequent commentator on BBC Radio Three and World Service.
Posted in Philosophy