A Philosophical History of Rights

Author: Gary Herbert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351534696

Category: Philosophy

Page: 362

View: 2133

Since the seventeenth century, concern in the Western world for the welfare of the individual has been articulated philosophically most often as a concern for his rights. The modern conception of individual rights resulted from abandonment of ancient, value-laced ideas of nature and their replacement by the modern, mathematically transparent idea of nature that has room only for individuals, often in conflict. In A Philosophical History of Rights, Gary B. Herbert traces the historical evolution of the concept and the transformation of the problems through which the concept is defined. The volume examines the early history of rights as they existed in ancient Greece, and locates the first philosophical inquiry into the nature of rights in Platonic and Aristotelian accounts. He traces Roman jurisprudence to the advent of Christianity, to the divine right of kings. Herbert follows the historical evolution of modern subjective rights, the attempts by Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Fichte, and Hegel to mediate rights, to make them sociable. He then turns to nineteenth-century condemnation of rights in the theories of the historical school of law, Benthamite utilitarianism, and Marxist socialism. Following World War II, a newly revived language of rights had to be constructed, to express universal moral outrage over what came to be called crimes against humanity. The contemporary Western concern for rights is today a concern for the individual and a recognition of the limits beyond which a society must not go in sacrificing the individual's welfare for its own conception of the common good. In his conclusion, Herbert addresses the postmodern critique of rights as a form of moral imperialism legitimizing relations of dominance and subjection. In addition to his historical analysis of the evolution of theories of rights, Herbert exposes the philosophical confusions that arise when we exchange one concept of rights for another and continue to cite historical antecedents for contemporary attitudes that are in fact their philosophical antithesis. A Philosophical History of Rights will be of interest to philosophers, historians, and political scientists.
Posted in Philosophy

The Philosophy of Fine Art

Author: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aesthetics

Page: N.A

View: 9904

Posted in Aesthetics

Dignity (Determination Trilogy 1)

Author: Lesli Richardson

Publisher: Lesli Richardson

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 6719

He wants it back...
Posted in Fiction

Foundations of Natural Right

Author: Johann Gottlieb Fichte,Frederick Neuhouser,Michael Baur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521575911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 338

View: 7095

A complete translation into English of Fichte's most important work of political philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy

The Human Rights Culture

A Study in History and Context

Author: Lawrence Meir Friedman,Lawrence M. Friedman

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610270738

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 8685

Lawrence M. Friedman's newest book explores the sheer phenomenon of a near-global arc favoring the idea, and sometimes even the practice, of human rights. Not the usual legal or philosophical examination of rights, this book instead asks: Why is it--as a social and historical matter--that rights discourse is so prevalent and compelling to the current world?"Reams of books and articles have been written about human rights, but THE HUMAN RIGHTS CULTURE is unique. It is the first comprehensive, sociological study of human rights in the contemporary period. With his characteristic erudition and graceful style, Lawrence Friedman addresses all the central topics: women's rights, minority rights, privacy, social rights, cultural rights, the role of courts, whether human rights are universal, and much more. This surprisingly compact book presents a balanced discussion of each issue, filled with fascinating details and examples. Friedman's core argument is that the recent rise of human rights discourse around the globe is the product of modernity--in particular the spread of the cultural belief that people are unique individuals entitled to respect and the opportunity to flourish. This terrific book will be informative not only to human rights experts and practitioners but also to people who wish to read a clear and sophisticated introduction to the field." -- Brian Z. Tamanaha, Professor of Law, Washington UniversityQuality ebook formatting from Quid Pro Books features active Contents, linked footnotes, linked textual cross-references, and active URLs in references. Professor Friedman's latest book joins Quid Pro's Contemporary Society Series.
Posted in Social Science

The Law of God

The Philosophical History of an Idea

Author: Rémi Brague

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226070786

Category: History

Page: 365

View: 2545

The law of God: these words conjure an image of Moses breaking the tablets at Mount Sinai, but the history of the alliance between law and divinity is so much longer, and its scope so much broader, than a single Judeo-Christian scene can possibly suggest. In his stunningly ambitious new history, Rémi Brague goes back three thousand years to trace this idea of divine law in the West from prehistoric religions to modern times—giving new depth to today’s discussions about the role of God in worldly affairs. Brague masterfully describes the differing conceptions of divine law in Judaic, Islamic, and Christian traditions and illuminates these ideas with a wide range of philosophical, political, and religious sources. In conclusion, he addresses the recent break in the alliance between law and divinity—when modern societies, far from connecting the two, started to think of law simply as the rule human community gives itself. Exploring what this disconnection means for the contemporary world, Brague—powerfully expanding on the project he began with The Wisdom of the World—re-engages readers in a millennia-long intellectual tradition, ultimately arriving at a better comprehension of our own modernity. “Brague’s sense of intellectual adventure is what makes his work genuinely exciting to read. The Law of God offers a challenge that anyone concerned with today’s religious struggles ought to take up.”—Adam Kirsch, New York Sun “Scholars and students of contemporary world events, to the extent that these may be viewed as a clash of rival fundamentalisms, will have much to gain from Brague’s study. Ideally, in that case, the book seems to be both an obvious primer and launching pad for further scholarship.”—Times Higher Education Supplement
Posted in History

Natural Right and History

Author: Leo Strauss

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226776941

Category: Philosophy

Page: 327

View: 4367

In this classic work, Leo Strauss examines the problem of natural right and argues that there is a firm foundation in reality for the distinction between right and wrong in ethics and politics. On the centenary of Strauss's birth, and the fiftieth anniversary of the Walgreen Lectures which spawned the work, Natural Right and History remains as controversial and essential as ever. "Strauss . . . makes a significant contribution towards an understanding of the intellectual crisis in which we find ourselves . . . [and] brings to his task an admirable scholarship and a brilliant, incisive mind."—John H. Hallowell, American Political Science Review Leo Strauss (1899-1973) was the Robert Maynard Hutchins Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Political Science at the University of Chicago.
Posted in Philosophy

Philosophical Theory and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Author: William Sweet

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 0776605585

Category: Philosophy

Page: 241

View: 9393

The last 100 years can be described as pivotal in our appreciation of human rights. From the Déclaration des droits internationaux de l'homme of 1929 to the more recent discussion of the establishment of an International Court of Justice, the notions of 'rights' and 'international human rights' have extended beyond rarefied philosophical discourse to become part of our basic vocabulary. The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948 is a key document that is central to contemporary dialogues about human rights. The UDHR and its subsequent protocols and conventions enumerate a lengthy list of rights that many recognize as fundamental in ensuring human dignity. Philosophical Theory and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights examines the relations and interrelations among theoretical and practical analyses of human rights. Edited by William Sweet, this extensive volume draws on the work of philosophers, political theorists, and those involved in the implementation of human rights. Although diverse in subject and approach, the essays collectively argue that the language of rights and the corresponding legal and political instruments have an important place in contemporary social and political philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy

A History of Modern Political Thought

The Question of Interpretation

Author: Gary Browning

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199682283

Category:

Page: 416

View: 2335

A History of Modern Political Thought analyzes the ways of interpreting modern political thought and interpretations of particular modern political thinkers. It analyses prominent schemes of interpretation such as deconstruction, hermeneutics and contextualism and provides a critical reading of how particular thinkers including Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Hegel, Rousseau, Marx, Bentham, Mill, Nietzsche, and Beauvoir are interpreted in the light of theseschemes. The book addresses the question of why there are so many reinterpretations of political thinkers and how we can understand past thinkers. It concludes by developing an interpretive pluralism whichrecognises the merits of several schemes of interpretation, while furnishing a critical overview which maintains a dialectical perspective that provides an integral overview of the subject.
Posted in

Justice

Rights and Wrongs

Author: Nicholas Wolterstorff

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691146300

Category: Philosophy

Page: 416

View: 9598

Wide-ranging and ambitious, Justice combines moral philosophy and Christian ethics to develop an important theory of rights and of justice as grounded in rights. Nicholas Wolterstorff discusses what it is to have a right, and he locates rights in the respect due the worth of the rights-holder. After contending that socially-conferred rights require the existence of natural rights, he argues that no secular account of natural human rights is successful; he offers instead a theistic account. Wolterstorff prefaces his systematic account of justice as grounded in rights with an exploration of the common claim that rights-talk is inherently individualistic and possessive. He demonstrates that the idea of natural rights originated neither in the Enlightenment nor in the individualistic philosophy of the late Middle Ages, but was already employed by the canon lawyers of the twelfth century. He traces our intuitions about rights and justice back even further, to Hebrew and Christian scriptures. After extensively discussing justice in the Old Testament and the New, he goes on to show why ancient Greek and Roman philosophy could not serve as a framework for a theory of rights. Connecting rights and wrongs to God's relationship with humankind, Justice not only offers a rich and compelling philosophical account of justice, but also makes an important contribution to overcoming the present-day divide between religious discourse and human rights.
Posted in Philosophy

Outlines of the Philosophy of Right

Author: G. W. F. Hegel

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019160481X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 2636

What is rational is actual and what is actual is rational. Hegel's Outlines of the Philosophy of Right is one of the greatest works of moral, social, and political philosophy. It contains significant ideas on justice, moral responsibility, family life, economic activity, and the political structure of the state - all matters of profound interest to us today. Hegel's aim is to lay out the various forms that human freedom must take on, if it is to be true freedom. He seeks to show that genuine human freedom does not consist in doing whatever we please, but involves living with others in accordance with publicly recognized rights and laws. Hegel demonstrates that institutions such as the family and the state provide the context in which individuals can flourish and enjoy full freedom. He also demonstrates that misunderstanding the true nature of freedom can lead to crime, evil, and poverty. His penetrating analysis of the causes of poverty in modern civil society was to be a great influence on Karl Marx. Hegel's study remains one of the most subtle and perceptive accounts of freedom that we possess. This new edition combines a revised translation with a cogent introduction to his work. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
Posted in Philosophy

A Brief History of Liberty

Author: David Schmidtz,Jason Brennan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444358790

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 6263

Through a fusion of philosophical, social scientific, and historical methods, A Brief History of Liberty provides a comprehensive, philosophically-informed portrait of the elusive nature of one of our most cherished ideals. Offers a succinct yet thorough survey of personal freedom Explores the true meaning of liberty, drawing philosophical lessons about liberty from history Considers the writings of key historical figures from Socrates and Erasmus to Hobbes, Locke, Marx, and Adam Smith Combines philosophical rigor with social scientific analysis Argues that liberty refers to a range of related but specific ideas rather than limiting the concept to one definition
Posted in Political Science

A Culture of Rights

The Bill of Rights in Philosophy, Politics and Law 1791 and 1991

Author: Michael James Lacey,Knud Haakonssen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521446532

Category: History

Page: 474

View: 6223

New insights into the rights thinking and consciousness at the core of American political culture.
Posted in History

Which Rights Should be Universal?

Author: William J. Talbott,W. J. Talbott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195331346

Category: Philosophy

Page: 222

View: 2125

In this book, Talbott shows how to defend basic individual rights from a universal moral point of view that is neither imperialistic nor relativistic."--Jacket.
Posted in Philosophy

A Philosophical History of German Sociology

Author: Frédéric Vandenberghe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134027133

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 8825

A Philosophical History of German Sociology presents a systematic reconstruction of critical theory, from the founding fathers of sociology (Marx, Simmel, Weber) via Lukács to the Frankfurt School (Horkheimer, Adorno, Habermas). Through an in depth analysis of the theories of alienation, rationalisation and reification, it investigates the metatheoretical presuppositions of a critical theory of the present that not only highlights the reality of domination, but is also able to highlight the possibilities of emancipation. Although not written as a textbook, its clear and cogent introduction to some of the main theories of sociology make this book a valuable resource for undergraduates and postgraduates alike. The following in-depth investigation of theories of alienation and reification offer essential material for any critique of the dehumanizing tendencies of today’s global world. Recently translated into English from the original French for the first time, this text showcases Vandenberghe's mastery of the German, French and English schools of sociology study. The result is an important and challenging text that is essential reading for sociology students of all levels. Frédéric Vandenberghe is a Sociology professor and researcher at Iuperj (Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. His writings on a broad range of sociological topics have been published as books and articles around the world.
Posted in Philosophy

Fairness and Freedom

A History of Two Open Societies: New Zealand and the United States

Author: David Hackett Fischer

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199832706

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 629

View: 8736

Explores why the political similarities between New Zealand and the United States--including democratic politics, mixed-enterprise economies, a deep concern for human rights and the rule of law and more--have taken on different forms.
Posted in Business & Economics

Freedom and History and Other Essays

An Introduction to the Thought of Richard McKeon

Author: Richard Peter McKeon,Zahava K. McKeon

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226560298

Category: Philosophy

Page: 271

View: 3296

This volume of essays is an important introduction to the thought of one of the twentieth century's most significant yet underappreciated philosophers, Richard McKeon. The originator of philosophical pluralism, McKeon made extraordinary contributions to philosophy, to international relations, and to theory-formation in the communication arts, aesthetics, the organization of knowledge, and the practical sciences. This collection, which includes a philosophical autobiography as well as the out-of-print title essay "Freedom and History" and a previously unpublished essay on "Philosophic Semantics and Philosophic Inquiry," is a testimony to the range and systematic power of McKeon's thinking for the social sciences and the humanities.
Posted in Philosophy

Motherland: A Philosophical History of Russia

Author: Lesley Chamberlain

Publisher: The Overlook Press

ISBN: 1468305638

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 1403

In this “searching intellectual history of modern Russia” (Kirkus), Lesley Chamberlain finds that during the last two centuries Russian intellectuals have asked two fundamental questions: “what makes a good man?” and “what is the right way to live?” In their attempts to answer these questions, these thinkers neglected the role of the individual, prioritizing instead the need to end injustice and autocracy. It was not until the eve of the revolution of 1917 that Russian philosophers came to grips with individualism, only to have this endeavor fragmented and forced underground by the totalitarian century that followed. In Motherland, which includes sections on key pre-Revolutionary philosophers Alexander Herzen, Vissarion Belinsky, Pyotr Chaadaev, Mikhail Bakunin, Nikolai Stankevich, and Ivan Turgenev, Lesley Chamberlain has produced a radical new interpretation of Russian intellectual history that gives a glimpse into the soul of that singular country.
Posted in History

God and Morality

A Philosophical History

Author: John E. Hare

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405195983

Category: Philosophy

Page: 309

View: 8678

God and Morality evaluates the ethical theories of four principle philosophers, Aristotle, Duns Scotus, Kant, and R.M. Hare. Uses their thinking as the basis for telling the story of the history and development of ethical thought more broadly Focuses specifically on their writings on virtue, will, duty, and consequence Concentrates on the theistic beliefs to highlight continuity of philosophical thought
Posted in Philosophy

The Rights of Nature

A History of Environmental Ethics

Author: Roderick Frazier Nash

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299118433

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 3092

Charting the history of contemporary philosophical and religious beliefs regarding nature, Roderick Nash focuses primarily on changing attitudes toward nature in the United States. His work is the first comprehensive history of the concept that nature has rights and that American liberalism has, in effect, been extended to the nonhuman world. “A splendid book. Roderick Nash has written another classic. This exploration of a new dimension in environmental ethics is both illuminating and overdue.”—Stewart Udall “His account makes history ‘come alive.’”—Sierra “So smoothly written that one almost does not notice the breadth of scholarship that went into this original and important work of environmental history.”—Philip Shabecoff, New York Times Book Review “Clarifying and challenging, this is an essential text for deep ecologists and ecophilosophers.”—Stephanie Mills, Utne Reader
Posted in Nature