A Philosophical Approach to Quantum Field Theory

Author: Hans Christian Öttinger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108415113

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3301

Approach to quantum field theory -- Scalar field theory -- Quantum electrodynamics -- Perspectives
Posted in Science

An Interpretive Introduction to Quantum Field Theory

Author: Paul Teller

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691016276

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 4839

In a critically acclaimed work, philosophy professor Paul Teller lays forth the basic ideas of quantum field theory in a way that is understandable to readers who are familiar with non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Teller challenges philosophers to extend their thinking beyond the realm of quantum mechanics; and he challenges physicists to consider the philosophical issues that their explorations have encouraged.
Posted in Science

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Physics

Author: Robert Batterman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195392043

Category: Philosophy

Page: 688

View: 9186

This Oxford Handbook provides an overview of many of the topics that currently engage philosophers of physics. It surveys new issues and the problems that have become a focus of attention in recent years. It also provides up-to-date discussions of the still very important problems that dominated the field in the past. In the late 20th Century, the philosophy of physics was largely focused on orthodox Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory. The measurement problem, the question of the possibility of hidden variables, and the nature of quantum locality dominated the literature on the quantum mechanics, whereas questions about relationalism vs. substantivalism, and issues about underdetermination of theories dominated the literature on spacetime. These issues still receive considerable attention from philosophers, but many have shifted their attentions to other questions related to quantum mechanics and to spacetime theories. Quantum field theory has become a major focus, particularly from the point of view of algebraic foundations. Concurrent with these trends, there has been a focus on understanding gauge invariance and symmetries. The philosophy of physics has evolved even further in recent years with attention being paid to theories that, for the most part, were largely ignored in the past. For example, the relationship between thermodynamics and statistical mechanics—-once thought to be a paradigm instance of unproblematic theory reduction—-is now a hotly debated topic. The implicit, and sometimes explicit, reductionist methodology of both philosophers and physicists has been severely criticized and attention has now turned to the explanatory and descriptive roles of "non-fundamental,'' phenomenological theories. This shift of attention includes "old'' theories such as classical mechanics, once deemed to be of little philosophical interest. Furthermore, some philosophers have become more interested in "less fundamental'' contemporary physics such as condensed matter theory. Questions abound with implications for the nature of models, idealizations, and explanation in physics. This Handbook showcases all these aspects of this complex and dynamic discipline.
Posted in Philosophy

Ontological Aspects of Quantum Field Theory

Author: Meinard Kuhlmann,Holger Lyre,Andrew Wayne

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812381821

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 8962

Quantum field theory (QFT) provides the framework for many fundamental theories in modern physics, and over the last few years there has been growing interest in its historical and philosophical foundations. This anthology on the foundations of QFT brings together 15 essays by well-known researchers in physics, the philosophy of physics, and analytic philosophy.Many of these essays were first presented as papers at the conference ?Ontological Aspects of Quantum Field Theory?, held at the Zentrum fr interdisziplin„re Forschung (ZiF), Bielefeld, Germany. The essays contain cutting-edge work on ontological aspects of QFT, including: the role of measurement and experimental evidence, corpuscular versus field-theoretic interpretations of QFT, the interpretation of gauge symmetry, and localization.This book is ideally suited to anyone with an interest in the foundations of quantum physics, including physicists, philosophers and historians of physics, as well as general readers interested in philosophy or science.
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Physics Meets Philosophy at the Planck Scale

Contemporary Theories in Quantum Gravity

Author: Craig Callender,Nick Huggett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521664455

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 1691

Was the first book to examine the exciting area of overlap between philosophy and quantum mechanics with chapters by leading experts from around the world.
Posted in Science

Quantum Field Theory in a Semiotic Perspective

Author: Hans Günter Dosch,Volkhard F. Müller,Norman Sieroka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540282122

Category: Science

Page: 66

View: 6757

Viewing physical theories as symbolic constructions came to the fore in the middle of the nineteenth century with the emancipation of the classical theory of the electromagnetic field from mechanics; most notably this happened through the work of Helmholtz, Hertz, Poincaré, and later Weyl. The epistemological problems that nourished this development are today highlighted within quantum field theory. The present essay starts off with a concise and non-technical outline of the firmly based aspects of relativistic quantum field theory, i.e. the very successful description of subnuclear phenomena. The particular methods, by which these different aspects have to be accessed, then get described as distinct facets of quantum field theory. The authors show how these different facets vary with respect to the relation between quantum fields and associated particles. Thus, by emphasising the respective role of various basic concepts involved, the authors claim that only a very general epistemic approach can properly account for this diversity - an account they trace back to the philosophical writings of the aforementioned physicists and mathematicians. Finally, what they call their semiotic perspective on quantum field theory gets related to recent discussions within the philosophy of science and turns out to act as a counterbalance to, for instance, structural realism.
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Populäre Schriften

Author: Ludwig Boltzmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322861112

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 290

View: 1761

Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Relativistische Quantenfeldtheorie

Author: James D. Bjorken,Sidney David Drell

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783860255964

Category:

Page: 409

View: 5316

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The Quantum Revolution in Philosophy

Author: Richard Healey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019871405X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 2528

Quantum theory launched a revolution in physics. But we have yet to understand the revolution's significance for philosophy. Richard Healey opens a path to such understanding. Most studies of the conceptual foundations of quantum theory first try to interpret the theory - to say how the world could possibly be the way the theory says it is. But, though fundamental, quantum theory is enormously successful without describing the world in its own terms. When properly applied, models of quantum theory offer good advice on the significance and credibility of claims about the world expressed in other terms. This first philosophical lesson of the quantum revolution dissolves the quantum measurement problem. Pragmatist treatments of probability and causation show how quantum theory may be used to explain the non-localized correlations that have been thought to involve "spooky" instantaneous action at a distance. Given environmental decoherence, a pragmatist inferentialist approach to content shows when talk of quantum probabilities is licensed, resolves any residual worries about whether a quantum measurement has a determinate outcome, and solves a dilemma about the ontology of a quantum field theory. This approach to meaning and reference also reveals the nature and limits of objective description in the light of quantum theory. While these pragmatist approaches to probability, causation, explanation and content may be independently motivated by philosophical argument, their successful application here illustrates their practical importance in helping philosophers come to terms with the quantum revolution.
Posted in Philosophy

Quantenrealität

Jenseits der Neuen Physik

Author: HERBERT

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 303486681X

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 342

View: 8881

Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Field Theory

Author: Tian Yu Cao

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521602723

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 6616

Multi-author volume on the history and philosophy of physics.
Posted in Science

The Ashgate Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Physics

Author: Dean Rickles

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754655183

Category: Philosophy

Page: 386

View: 6957

Introducing the reader to the very latest developments in the philosophical foundations of physics, this book covers advanced material at a level suitable for beginner and intermediate students. A detailed overview is provided of the central debates in the philosophy of quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, quantum computation, and quantum gravity. This book enables both philosophers and physicists to engage with the most pressing problems in contemporary philosophy of physics in a fruitful way.
Posted in Philosophy

The Philosophy of Quantum Physics

Author: Cord Friebe,Meinard Kuhlmann,Holger Lyre,Paul M. Näger,Oliver Passon,Manfred Stöckler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319783564

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 2227

This book provides a thorough and up-to-date introduction to the philosophy of quantum physics. Although quantum theory is renowned for its spectacular empirical successes, controversial discussion about how it should be understood continue to rage today. In this volume, the authors provide an overview of its numerous philosophical challenges: Do quantum objects violate the principle of causality? Are particles of the same type indistinguishable and therefore not individual entities? Do quantum objects retain their identity over time? How does a compound quantum system relate to its parts? These questions are answered here within different interpretational approaches to quantum theory. Finally, moving to Quantum Field Theory, we find that the problem of non-locality is exacerbated. Philosophy of quantum physics is aimed at philosophers with an interest in physics, while also serving to familiarize physicists with many of the essential philosophical questions of their subject.
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Religion ohne Gott

Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737325

Category: Philosophy

Page: 146

View: 9365

Das Zentrum wahrer Religiosität, so der bekennende Atheist Albert Einstein, sei die Ehrfurcht vor den Mysterien des Universums, »deren höchste Weisheit und strahlende Schönheit wir mit unseren matten Erkenntnisvermögen nur rudimentär begreifen können«. In diesem Sinne sei er, Einstein, ein tiefreligiöser Mensch. Aber was ist religiös an einer solchen Haltung, in der Gott offensichtlich keine Rolle spielt? Mit dieser Frage beschäftigte sich Ronald Dworkin in seinen Einstein-Vorlesungen, die er bis kurz vor seinem Tod zu diesem Buch ausgearbeitet hat. Religion, so seine Antwort, bezeichnet eine Sicht auf die Welt, die von einem tiefen Glauben an objektive Werte getragen wird – etwa daran, dass Geschöpfe eine Würde haben, dass ein Leben erfüllt oder verfehlt sein kann oder dass Schönheit, die uns den Atem raubt, sich nicht als pures Produkt unserer Sinnesorgane erklären lässt. Auch Theisten teilen diese Werte, meinen aber, sie seien gottgegeben. Für Dworkin verhält es sich genau umgekehrt: Die Idee eines Gottes rührt daher, dass es diese Werte wirklich gibt. Und an Gott (oder Götter) zu glauben ist eine Weise, dies auszudrücken, aber nicht die einzige. Von der Physik über die Politik bis hin zum Recht erkundet »Religion ohne Gott« den Perspektivwechsel, der mit einem solchen gottlosen Verständnis von Religion verbunden ist. Das Buch, das mit einer eindrucksvollen Reflexion über Tod und Unsterblichkeit schließt, ist das Vermächtnis eines bekennenden religiösen Atheisten. Es weitet den Blick für das, was wichtig ist.
Posted in Philosophy

A Philosophical Approach - Theological

Author: Garrison Clifford Gibson

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 1365387186

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 5735

A philosophical approach to analyzing human experience might be regarded as a process of discovery. Finding the experience of existing a given and good fact, thinking individuals may inquire regarding the nature and way of being and its process of changing in a continuum of form and reform. In writing these informal essays and comments on contemporary interests I simply hoped to put some philosophical good intention on the project. Essays of Gary Clifford Gibson appx 170,000 words.
Posted in Religion

On Physics and Philosophy

Author: Bernard d'. Espagnat

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691119649

Category: Science

Page: 503

View: 3596

"On Physics and Philosophy is an accessible, mathematics-free reflection on the philosophical meaning of the quantum revolution, by one of the world's leading authorities on the subject. D'Espagnat presents an objective account of the main guiding principles of contemporary physics - in particular, quantum mechanics - followed by a look at just what consequences these should imply for philosophical thinking."--
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QED

Die seltsame Theorie des Lichts und der Materie

Author: Richard P. Feynman

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492959865

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 1620

Richard P. Feynman (1918–1988) erhielt 1965 für seine Beiträge zur Quantenelektrodynamik (QED) den Nobelpreis für Physik. Seine spektakulären Arbeiten zur »Theorie des Lichts und der Materie« erklärt der »brillanteste, respektloseste und einflussreichste theoretische Physiker der Nachkriegszeit« (The New York Times) hier auch für Nichtphysiker.
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A Companion to the Philosophy of Time

Author: Adrian Bardon,Heather Dyke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118522052

Category: Philosophy

Page: 600

View: 3029

A Companion to the Philosophy of Time presents thebroadest treatment of this subject yet; 32 specially commissionedarticles - written by an international line-up of experts –provide an unparalleled reference work for students and specialistsalike in this exciting field. The most comprehensive reference work on the philosophy of timecurrently available The first collection to tackle the historical development ofthe philosophy of time in addition to covering contemporarywork Provides a tripartite approach in its organization, coveringhistory of the philosophy of time, time as a feature of thephysical world, and time as a feature of experience Includes contributions from both distinguished,well-established scholars and rising stars in the field
Posted in Philosophy

Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics

Essays in Honour of Heinz Post

Author: S. French,H. Kamminga

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401711852

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 1092

This volume is presented in honour of Heinz Post, who founded a distinc tive and distinguished school of philosophy of science at Chelsea College, University of London. The 'Chelsea tradition' in philosophy of science takes the content of science seriously, as exemplified by the papers presented here. The unifying theme of this work is that of 'Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics', after the title of a classic and seminal paper by Heinz Post, published in 1971, which is reproduced in this volume with the kind permission of the editors and publishers of Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Described by Paul Feyerabend in Against Method as "brilliant" and " . . . a partial antidote against the view which I try to defend" (1975, p. 61, fn. 17), this paper, peppered with illustrative examples from the history of science, brings to the fore some of Heinz Post's central concerns: the heuristic criteria used by scientists in constructing their theories, the intertheoretic relationships which these criteria reflect and, in particular, the nature of the correspondence that holds between a theory and its predecessors (and its suc cessors). The appearance of this volume more than twenty years later is an indica tion of the fruitfulness of Post's contribution: philosophers of science continue to explore the issues raised in his 1971 paper.
Posted in Science