A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis

The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System

Author: Douglas A. Wiegmann,Scott A. Shappell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351962353

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 2273

Human error is implicated in nearly all aviation accidents, yet most investigation and prevention programs are not designed around any theoretical framework of human error. Appropriate for all levels of expertise, the book provides the knowledge and tools required to conduct a human error analysis of accidents, regardless of operational setting (i.e. military, commercial, or general aviation). The book contains a complete description of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS), which incorporates James Reason's model of latent and active failures as a foundation. Widely disseminated among military and civilian organizations, HFACS encompasses all aspects of human error, including the conditions of operators and elements of supervisory and organizational failure. It attracts a very broad readership. Specifically, the book serves as the main textbook for a course in aviation accident investigation taught by one of the authors at the University of Illinois. This book will also be used in courses designed for military safety officers and flight surgeons in the U.S. Navy, Army and the Canadian Defense Force, who currently utilize the HFACS system during aviation accident investigations. Additionally, the book has been incorporated into the popular workshop on accident analysis and prevention provided by the authors at several professional conferences world-wide. The book is also targeted for students attending Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University which has satellite campuses throughout the world and offers a course in human factors accident investigation for many of its majors. In addition, the book will be incorporated into courses offered by Transportation Safety International and the Southern California Safety Institute. Finally, this book serves as an excellent reference guide for many safety professionals and investigators already in the field.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6749

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“
Posted in Business & Economics

Forensic Engineering

Author: Max M. Houck

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128027401

Category:

Page: 328

View: 9808

Posted in

Human Factors

Psychologie sicheren Handelns in Risikobranchen

Author: Petra Badke-Schaub,Gesine Hofinger,Kristina Lauche

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783642198861

Category: Psychology

Page: 365

View: 6687

In Branchen wie Luftfahrt, Kernkraft oder Medizin können menschliche Fehler dramatische Konsequenzen haben. Deshalb werden in Risikobranchen Maßnahmen benötigt, die Fehlerquellen minimieren, sicheres Handeln fördern und dabei den „Faktor Mensch“ berücksichtigen. Die Psychologie sicheren Handelns wird im 1. Teil des Standardwerks von Wissenschaftlern erläutert, im 2. Teil stellen erfahrene Praktiker und Wissenschaftler aktuelle Herausforderungen einzelner Branchen vor und präsentieren Lösungsansätze. Mit vielen Fallbeispielen und Praxishinweisen.
Posted in Psychology

Human Error in Aviation

Author: R.Key Dismukes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351563475

Category: Psychology

Page: 608

View: 5684

Most aviation accidents are attributed to human error, pilot error especially. Human error also greatly effects productivity and profitability. In his overview of this collection of papers, the editor points out that these facts are often misinterpreted as evidence of deficiency on the part of operators involved in accidents. Human factors research reveals a more accurate and useful perspective: The errors made by skilled human operators - such as pilots, controllers, and mechanics - are not root causes but symptoms of the way industry operates. The papers selected for this volume have strongly influenced modern thinking about why skilled experts make errors and how to make aviation error resilient.
Posted in Psychology

Airframe

Roman

Author: Michael Crichton

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 3641162092

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 2965

Auf dem Nonstop-Flug von Hongkong nach Denver gerät plötzlich die Maschine der Transpacific Airlines außer Kontrolle. Dem Piloten gelingt eine Notlandung, doch einige Passagiere verlieren dabei ihr Leben. Als Casey Singleton den Auftrag erhält, die Ursachen dieses Unglücks aufzuklären, ahnt sie nicht, in welche Gefahr sie sich begibt. Denn ihre Ermittlungen stoßen auf viele Widersacher, die vor nichts zurückschrecken.
Posted in Fiction

Grundzüge einer Systemtheorie

Principles of Systems

Author: Jay Wright Forrester

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663020940

Category: Science

Page: 213

View: 7121

Posted in Science

Projektmanagement

Fallstudien

Author: Harold Kerzner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783826614477

Category: Project management

Page: 533

View: 4466

Posted in Project management

Human Error and Commercial Aviation Accidents

A Comprehensive, Fine-grained Analysis Using HFACS

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aeronautics

Page: 19

View: 8149

The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) is a theoretically based tool for investigating and analyzing human error associated with accidents and incidents. Previous research has shown that HFACS can be reliably used to identify general trends in the human factors associated with military and general aviation accidents. The aim of this study was to extend previous examinations of aviation accidents to include specific aircrew, environmental, supervisory, and organizational factors associated with 14 CFR Part 121 (Air Carrier) and 14 CFR Part 135 (Commuter) accidents using HFACS. The majority of causal factors were attributed to the aircrew and the environment, with decidedly fewer associated with supervisory and organizational causes. Comparisons were made between HFACS categories and traditional situational variables such as weather, lighting, and geographic region. Recommendations were made based on the HFACS findings presented.
Posted in Aeronautics

Die Grundsätze wissenschaftlicher Betriebsführung

Author: Frederick Winslow Taylor,R. Roesler

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3861957132

Category:

Page: 96

View: 8320

Fredericks W. Taylors Werk "Die Grunds tze wissenschaftlicher Betriebsf hrung" ist einer der wichtigsten betriebswirtschaftlichen Klassiker. Das Buch von Taylor (1856-1915) begr ndet den Taylorismus, der den richtigen Bewegungsablauf aus umfangreichen Zeit- und Arbeitsstudien ermittelte. Taylor untersuchte als Inginieur verschiedene Unternehmen und bewirkte in diesen Branchen deutliche Verbesserungen.
Posted in

Human Error and General Aviation Accidents

A Comprehensive, Fine-grained Analysis Using HFACS

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aircraft accidents

Page: 19

View: 8685

The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) is a theoretically based tool for investigating and analyzing human error associated with accidents and incidents. Previous research performed at both the University of Illinois and the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute has successfully shown that HFACS can be reliably used to analyze the underlying human causes of both commercial and general aviation (GA) accidents. These analyses have helped identify general trends in the types of human factors issues and aircrew errors that have contributed to civil aviation accidents. The next step was to identify the exact nature of the human errors identified. The purpose of this research effort therefore, was to address these questions by performing a fine-grained HFACS analysis of the individual human causal factors associated with GA accidents and to assist in the generation of intervention programs. This report details those findings and offers an approach for developing interventions to address them.
Posted in Aircraft accidents

Das Unerwartete managen

wie Unternehmen aus Extremsituationen lernen

Author: Karl E. Weick,Kathleen M. Sutcliffe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783791029689

Category: Crisis management

Page: 201

View: 6967

Wie können Unternehmen mit unerwarteten Situationen umgehen? Um diese Frage zu beantworten, untersuchen die Autoren sogenannte High Reliability Organizations (HROs) - Organisationen, die absolut zuverlässig arbeiten müssen, wie z. B. Fluglotsen oder Feuerwehrmannschaften. An ihren spezifischen Handlungsabläufen kann sich jede Organisation orientieren, um unerwartete Ereignisse und Entwicklungen besser zu verstehen und zu bewältigen. Wie die Methoden der HROs sich in der Unternehmenspraxis umsetzen lassen, zeigt der lösungsorientierte Managementansatz.
Posted in Crisis management

Commercial Aviation Safety 5/E

Author: Clarence C. Rodrigues,Stephen K. Cusick

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071763066

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 382

View: 1326

A Complete, Fully Updated Guide to COMMERCIAL AVIATION SAFETY Presenting the latest procedures and standards from U.S. and international air traffic and regulatory agencies, this extensively revised resource covers the entire commercial aviation safety system--from human factors to accident investigation. The introduction of Safety Management Systems (SMS) principles by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is discussed in detail. Commercial Aviation Safety, Fifth Edition delivers authoritative information on today's security concerns on the ground and in the air, changes in systems and regulations, new maintenance and flight technologies, and recent accident statistics. This is the most comprehensive, current, and systematic reference on the principles and practices of commercial aviation safety and security. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Regulatory information on ICAO, FAA, EPA, TSA, and OSHA NTSB and ICAO accident investigation processes Recording and reporting of safety data U.S. and international aviation accident statistics Accident causation models The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) Aircraft and air traffic control technologies and safety systems Airport safety, including runway incursions Aviation security, including the 9-11 Commission recommendations International and U.S. Airline Safety Management Systems Aviation Safety Management Systems
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Human Factors Models for Aviation Accident Analysis and Prevention

Author: Thomas G.C. Griffin,Mark S. Young,Neville A. Stanton

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472432770

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 226

View: 8630

The investigation and modelling of aviation accident causation is dominated by linear models. Aviation is, however, a complex system and as such suffers from being artificially manipulated into non-complex models and methods. This book addresses this issue by developing a new approach to investigating aviation accident causation through information networks. These networks centralise communication and the flow of information as key indicators of a system’s health and risk. This holistic approach focuses on the system environment, the activity that takes place within it, the strategies used to conduct this activity, the way in which the constituent parts of the system (both human and non-human) interact and the behaviour required. Each stage of this book identifies and expands upon the potential of the information network approach, maintaining firm focus on the overall health of a system. The book’s new model offers many potential developments and some key areas are studied in this research. Through the centralisation of barriers and information nodes the method can be applied to almost any situation. The application of Bayesian mathematics to historical data populations provides scope for studying error migration and barrier manipulation. The book also provides application of these predictions to a flight simulator study for the purposes of validation. Beyond this it also discusses the applicability of the approach to industry. Through working with a legacy airline the methods discussed are used as the basis for a new and prospective safety management system.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Understanding the Human Factors Associated with Visual Flight Rules Flight Into Instrumental Meteorological Conditions

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aircraft accidents

Page: 11

View: 5280

Visual Flight Rules (VFR) into Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC) accidents are a major concern in the aviation industry. More than 70% of the fatal weather-related accidents involved General Aviation (GA) pilots operating under visual flight rules (VFR) that continued into IMC. The purpose of this study was to pair GA accident causal factors that had been classified with the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) categories and traditional demographic data in an effort to present a more complete picture of VFR flight into IMC accidents. To accomplish this, GA accidents associated with VFR flight into IMC were examined to determine if there were any causal factors that set these accidents apart from the rest of GA (RoGA) accidents. GA accident data (14 CFR Part 91) from 1990-2004 were analyzed. The dataset was divided into accidents that had VFR into IMC (VFR-IMC; N = 609) cited as a cause or factor versus the rest of the GA accidents (RoGA; N = 18, 528). Analyses were performed examining the human error associated with these accidents.
Posted in Aircraft accidents